The largest islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), Sulawesi, and the Indonesian part of New Guinea (known as Papua or Irian Jaya). Islands are mountainous with dense rain forests, and some have active volcanoes. Most of the smaller islands belong to larger groups, like the Moluccas (Spice Islands).

In this way, what are the physical features of Indonesia?

Mountains and Volcanoes of Indonesia Except for coastal plains and river valleys most of Indonesia is mountainous. Mountains ranging between 3,000 and 3,800 meters above sea level can be found on the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sulawesi, and Seram.

Likewise, what are the major landforms in Indonesia? Straddling the equator, this exotic archipelago encompasses myriad landforms, such as lowlands, mountains and volcanoes. The four largest landmasses are Borneo, Sumatra, New Guinea and Java.

Similarly, it is asked, what is the main island of Indonesia?

It comprises five main islands: Sumatra, Java, Borneo (known as Kalimantan in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea; two major island groups (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands) and sixty smaller island groups.

What is the landscape like in Indonesia?

The surface area of the country is 735,000 square miles, 14.5 times larger than England. The landscape varies from spectacular smoking craters in chains of volcanoes that run from Sumatra as far as Flores, to green, fertile rice fields, tropical rainforest, white beaches and the dry savannahs of the eastern islands.

Related Question Answers

What is Indonesia most known for?

One of the things Indonesia is famous for is for being the 4th most populated county in the world. After China, India and USA. In the whole country there are about 270 million people and just in the island of Java you can find a 60% of them, which made it the most populous island in the world.

Why is it called Indonesia?

Indonesia derives from the Latin and Greek Indus (?νδός), meaning “Indian”, and the Greek nésos (ν?σος), meaning “island”. The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia.

What is the climate in Indonesia?

Split by the equator, indonesia has an almost entirely tropical climate, with the coastal plains averaging 28°C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26°C, and the higher mountain regions, 23°C. The area's relative humidity is quite high, and ranges between 70 and 90 percent.

What does Indonesia consist of?

Indonesia is composed of some 17,500 islands, of which more than 7,000 are uninhabited. Almost three-fourths of Indonesia's area is embraced by Sumatra, Kalimantan, and western New Guinea; Celebes, Java, and the Moluccas account for most of the country's remaining area.

Is Sumatra a country?

Where are Indonesia and Sumatra? Indonesia is situated in southeast Asia. The nation is made up of more than 14,000 volcanic islands between Asia and Australia and has a population estimated at 255 million people. Sumatra, part of the Sunda Islands, is an island located in western Indonesia.

Which sea is Bali?

Indian Ocean

What is the main religion in Indonesia?

Catholicism

Is Indonesia part of China?

Both countries are among the largest nations in Asia in terms of both area and population, China is the most populous nation on earth, while Indonesia has the 4th largest population in the world.

Country comparison.

CountryChinaIndonesia
Language(s)Standard Chinese (official)Indonesian (official)

What is the most beautiful place in Indonesia?

Top 20 Most Beautiful Places to Visit in Indonesia
  1. Maluk Beach – Sumbawa – NTB.
  2. Mount Rinjani, West Nusa Tenggara.
  3. Komodo Island, East Nusa Tenggara.
  4. Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua.
  5. Ijen, East Java.
  6. Carstensz Peak & Jayawijaya, Papua.
  7. Mount Anak Krakatau, Sunda Strait.
  8. Mount Bromo, East Java.

What is the cost of Indonesia visa?

All supporting documents need to be submitted in order to process the application. Fee – The cost of this visa is $50 for a single-entry one and $100 for a multiple-entry visa. The fee should be paid in full in order for the visa application to be processed.

Which countries are part of Indonesia?

Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor, and maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Palau, and Australia.

How many islands does Indonesia consist of?

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. There are total number of 17,508 islands of which about 6000 are inhabited.

Is Indonesia safe?

Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.

What country is Borneo in?

Borneo is pretty well situated in the geographical center of Southeast Asia, just east of Singapore and southwest of the Philippines. The island is roughly centered just north of the Indonesian archipelago. Three countries have territory in Borneo; by the size of the claim, they are Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.

Why does Indonesia have so many islands?

As part of the Ring of Fire, Indonesia has a large number of volcanoes that have formed islands in its territory. This is one of the reasons why Indonesia is made up of so many islands. As well as many dormant (sleeping) volcanoes, Indonesia also has the world's highest number of active volcanoes (see image 2).

How many islands are in India?

of 1208 islands

How many islands are there in Bali?

Bali is one of more than 17,000 islands in the Indonesian archipelago and is located just over 2 kilometres (almost 1.5 miles) from the eastern tip of the island of Java and west of the island of Lombok. The island, home to about 4 million people, is approximately 144 kilometres (90 mi.)

What are the major rivers in Indonesia?

Top 15 Famous Rivers in Indonesia
  • Kapuas River. Kapuas river is located in East Kalimantan, recorded as the longest river in Indonesia compared to the rest which has 1.178 km length.
  • Mahakam River.
  • Batanghari River.
  • Barito River.
  • Musi River.
  • Bengawan Solo River.
  • Mamberamo River.
  • Digul River.

Why does Indonesia have so many volcanoes?

Answer and Explanation: Indonesia has so many volcanoes because it is situated in the Ring of Fire, an area of tectonic plate boundaries, particularly around the Pacific