The major difference between these two constructs is that language planning is “a macro sociological activity at a governmental and national level” only, whereas language policy can be “either a macro- or micro sociological activity at a governmental and national level or at an institutional level” (cited in Poon, 2004

Regarding this, what is language planning and policy?

The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages.

Similarly, what is the meaning of language planning? Language planning is the attempt to influence how a language is used. Corpus planning is involved with creating standards for a language, such as spelling and grammar, or to create dictionaries. Linguistic purity is about avoiding foreign influences to a language because they are seen as bad.

Similarly, you may ask, what are the types of language planning?

Four major types of language planning are status planning (about the social standing of a language), corpus planning (the structure of a language), language-in-education planning (learning), and prestige planning (image). Language planning may occur at the macro-level (the state) or the micro-level (the community).

Why is language planning necessary?

Language planning is important to a country for several reasons. The first is that planning is important to insure that a language corpus can function in contemporary society in terms of terminology, or vocabulary, to meet present needs, e.g., technological, or scientific needs.

Related Question Answers

What are the major goals of language policies?

It is a joint effort between the National and State governments with important components assigned to both areas. The goal is to sustain, reinforce, and expand our local languages and to provide the foundation skills for acquisition of English and other international languages.

What is language policy in sociolinguistics?

Language policies are expressions of a long-lasting ‘linguistic culture—i.e., of the cultural myths and cultural values pertaining to the types of linguistic accommodations, programs, and efforts that are in accord with the brunt of local historical experience and aspiration (Schiffman 1996).

What are the factors influencing language planning?

One of the factors that influence language planning is linguistic factor. Linguistic factors can be regarded as those that are needed to be considered on the part of a language in relation to other languages. It relates to the status and characters of a language as well as similarities between languages.

What does language status mean?

Language Status. The first is an estimate of the overall development versus endangerment of the language using the EGIDS scale (Lewis and Simons 2010). The second is a categorization of the Official Recognition given to a language within the country.

What is prestige planning?

Essentially, Prestige Planning is concerned with raising the prestige of any given language, in the present case African languages, so that members of the targeted speech community develop a positive attitude toward it (Haarmann, International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 86:103–126, 1990).

What do you mean by planning?

Planning is the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. An important further meaning, often just called “planning” is the legal context of permitted building developments.

What is codification in language?

In linguistics, codification is the process of selecting, developing, and laying down (prescribing) a model for standard language usage. Codification often happens due to new inventions, changes in values or other cultural influences.

What is the language of the law?

Legal English is the type of English as used in legal writing. Historically, legalese is language a lawyer might use in drafting a contract or a pleading but would not use in ordinary conversation. For this reason, the traditional style of legal writing has been labeled reader-unfriendly.

What is language choice?

Language choice is when the speaker chooses what language to use in particular situation in bilingual or multilingual communities. “

What is language standardization?

Language standardization is the process by which conventional forms of a language are established and maintained. Standardization may occur as a natural development of a language in a speech community or as an effort by members of a community to impose one dialect or variety as a standard.

What is status planning?

Status planning is one aspect of language planning, in the well-known classification of Kloss (1969): It refers to modifications in the social role of a language, in particular the role with respect to the state or the government.

What is educational language policy?

Educational language policy—variously referred to as language education policy, language-in-education policy, and language policy in education (see discussion in Menken & García, 2010)—refers to a focus on educational contexts within language policy and planning (LPP) research, primarily in K-12 settings, but might

What is Diglossia in sociolinguistics?

In sociolinguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two distinct varieties of a language are spoken within the same speech community. The term diglossia (from the Greek for “speaking two languages”) was first used in English by linguist Charles Ferguson in 1959.

What is the meaning of language policy?

Language policy is what a government does either officially through legislation, court decisions or policy to determine how languages are used, cultivate language skills needed to meet national priorities or to establish the rights of individuals or groups to use and maintain languages.

What is language planning essential in any country?

Language planning is important to a country for several reasons. The first is that planning is important to insure that a language corpus can function in contemporary society in terms of terminology, or vocabulary, to meet present needs, e.g., technological, or scientific needs.

What is acquisition planning?

An Acquisition Plan is a plan that documents all cost, schedule, technical, business, management, and other considerations that will govern an acquisition program and is derived from the Acquisition Strategy. It summarizes the acquisition planning discussions and identifies milestones in the acquisition process.