The conditioned response must be learned, while the unconditioned response takes place with no learning. The conditioned response will only occur after an association has been made between an unconditioned stimulus and a conditioned stimulus.
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Contents

Are conditioned and unconditioned stimulus the same?

Conditioned and unconditioned stimuli are two types of stimuli that trigger responses in humans or animals. A conditioned stimulus is a learned stimulus. In contrast, an unconditioned stimulus is any stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a specific response.

How is a conditioned stimulus similar to an unconditioned stimulus?

After repeated trials, the neutral stimulus becomes the conditioned stimulus, which, in turn, substitutes for the unconditioned stimulus. Thereafter, the conditioned stimulus elicits a response similar to that of the unconditioned stimulus.

Is the conditioned response more intense than the unconditioned response?

The response is weaker if the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli begin together, and becomes even weaker if the unconditioned stimulus precedes the conditioned stimulus. In general, the conditioned response resembles the unconditioned response (e.g., the normal fright response) very closely.

What are conditioned and unconditioned reflexes?

These examples, and other reflexes typically present in normal animals or humans, are called “ unconditioned reflexes (URs).” The stimulus that elicits a UR is called the “unconditioned stimulus (US).” In contrast, a “ conditioned reflex (CR)” is a reflex that has been created or modified through a particular training, …

What is the difference between conditioned stimulus and conditioned response?

For example, the smell of food is an unconditioned stimulus, a feeling of hunger in response to the smell is an unconditioned response, and the sound of a whistle when you smell the food is the conditioned stimulus. The conditioned response would be feeling hungry when you heard the sound of the whistle.

What is conditioned stimulus and response?

A conditioned stimulus is a substitute stimulus that triggers the same response in an organism as an unconditioned stimulus. … After repeated exposure, the neutral stimulus becomes paired with the unconditioned response and becomes a conditioned stimulus.

What is the conditioned response in Pavlov's experiment?

The dogs salivating for food is the unconditioned response in Pavlov’s experiment. A conditioned stimulus is a stimulus that can eventually trigger a conditioned response. In the described experiment, the conditioned stimulus was the ringing of the bell, and the conditioned response was salivation.

What is a conditioned response quizlet?

Conditioned response. A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral. Extinction. Occurs when the conditioned stimulus is disconnected from the unconditioned stimulus.

What is the difference between an unconditioned stimulus and a conditioned stimulus quizlet?

An unconditioned response is the naturally occurring response that follows the unconditioned stimulus. A conditioned stimulus is a neutral stimulus that, after being repeatedly presented prior to the unconditioned stimulus, evokes a similar response as the unconditioned stimulus.

When a conditioned response no longer occurs this has taken place?

Extinction is one explanation. In psychology, extinction refers to the gradual weakening of a conditioned response that results in the behavior decreasing or disappearing. In other words, the conditioned behavior eventually stops.

What is UCS UCR CS and CR?

An unconditioned stimulus (UCS), always elicits an uncondtioned response (UCR). When the conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired over and over again with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), it eventually elicits a response, equivalent to an unconditioned response (UCR), that is now a conditioned response (CR).

What causes the strength of the conditioned response to weaken?

When a conditioned response (CR) is weakened or eliminated by repeatedly presenting the conditioned stimulus (CR) without the unconditioned stimulus (US). … The PROCEDURE of extinction involves the means that are carried out to decrease the strength of the conditioned response.

Which one is a conditioned reflex?

Conditioned reflex: conditioned reflex is the stimulus which is associated with another stimulus and response is generated. For example: Salivation in a hungry dog in response to ringing a bell.

What do you mean by conditioned reflex?

A conditioned reflex, also known as a conditioned response, is an acquired response in which the subject (which can be a human or other animal) learns to associate a previously unrelated neutral stimulus with a different stimulus that elicits some kind of reaction.

What is unconditioned reflex action?

The unconditioned reflex is the innate reaction of the organism, which is the same among the members of the given species. Unconditioned reflexes are characterized by a permanent and clear connection between action on the receptor and a certain response, ensuring that organisms adapt to stable living conditions.

What is Pavlov theory?

Pavlov’s Theory of Classical Conditioning Based on his observations, Pavlov suggested that the salivation was a learned response. Pavlov’s dog subjects were responding to the sight of the research assistants’ white lab coats, which the animals had come to associate with the presentation of food.

What is the main difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Classical conditioning involves associating an involuntary response and a stimulus, while operant conditioning is about associating a voluntary behavior and a consequence.

What is a conditioned response in Counselling?

Conditioned response is a type of learning in which repeated exposure to something may affect a person’s behavior when they encounter an unrelated object, sound, or smell that occurred at the same time as the initial exposure.

What is unconditioned stimulus and unconditioned response?

The unconditioned stimulus (US) is something (such as food) that triggers a naturally occurring response, and the unconditioned response (UR) is the naturally occurring response (such as salivation) that follows the unconditioned stimulus.

What is the other name of classical conditioning?

Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) is a behavioral procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (e.g. food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (e.g. a bell). …

Is fear a conditioned response?

In the vocabulary of classical conditioning, the neutral stimulus or context is the “conditional stimulus” (CS), the aversive stimulus is the “unconditional stimulus” (US), and the fear is the “conditional response” (CR).

Why did Ivan Pavlov study dogs?

During the 1890s, Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov was researching salivation in dogs in response to being fed. He inserted a small test tube into the cheek of each dog to measure saliva when the dogs were fed (with a powder made from meat).

What was Pavlov's dog name?

I didn’t have many memory mutants and I could find the name of but one of Pavlov’s dogs, Bierka.

What is an example of unconditioned response?

In classical conditioning, an unconditioned response is an unlearned response that occurs naturally in reaction to the unconditioned stimulus. 1 For example, if the smell of food is the unconditioned stimulus, the feeling of hunger in response to the smell of food is the unconditioned response.

When stimuli are similar to and elicit the same conditioned response as the conditioned stimulus it is referred to as?

Learning : Example Question #1 Explanation: Generalization refers to the tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to induce the conditioned response.

What is conditioning in psychology quizlet?

Conditioning. Type of learning that involves stimulus based response connections. Classical conditioning. Form of learning where one stimulus calls forth the response usually called by another stimulus. Unconditioned stimulus (US)

What automatically causes a reflex response?

A reflex is made possible by neural pathways called reflex arcs which can act on an impulse before that impulse reaches the brain. The reflex is then an automatic response to a stimulus that does not receive or need conscious thought.

What does conditioned stimulus mean in psychology?

In classical conditioning, the conditioned stimulus is a previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned response.

How is a conditioned response learned?

A conditioned response is learned by pairing a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus. … The strongest associations are formed when the conditioned stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus.

How do you change a conditioned response?

Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery. A classically conditioned response can be eliminated or extinguished by eliminating the predictive relationship between the signal and the reflex. This is accomplished by presenting the signal (CS) while preventing the reflex.

What is an example of conditioning?

For example, whenever you come home wearing a baseball cap, you take your child to the park to play. So, whenever your child sees you come home with a baseball cap, he is excited because he has associated your baseball cap with a trip to the park. This learning by association is classical conditioning.

Is the UCR always the same as the CR?

UCR: Presentation of the UCS causes a UCR (an eye blink). … If a response, an eye blink, occurs, the UCR is now called a conditioned response (CR). The eye blink response to the buzzer has been conditioned (learned).

Is the NS always the same as the CS?

The NS is transformed into a Conditioned Stimulus (CS); that is, when the CS is presented by itself, it elicits or causes the CR (which is the same involuntary response as the UR; the name changes because it is elicited by a different stimulus.

What is true about a conditioned response that has been extinguished?

The conditioned response is simply suppressed. Even after a conditioned response has been extinguished, it will temporarily reappear if the conditioned stimulus occurs again. In general, the longer the time between extinction and the reappearance of the CS, the stronger the recovered conditioned response.

When a specific stimulus elicits a response it is called?

Unconditional Stimulus (US or UCS) When a stimulus elicits a response which is known as an unconditioned stimulus. Something that elicits a natural, reflexive response. Food elicits the natural involuntary response of salivation, which is called the unconditioned response.

Is cycling a conditioned reflex?

Learning of dancing, cycling, singing, swimming and driving are conditioned reflexes.

What are the differences between conditional and unconditional reflexes?

Unconditional reflexes is the one in which no previous experience or learning is required. Conditional reflexes is one which develops during lifetime due to experience or learning.

What is a conditioned reflex and why it is important?

“The formation of conditioned reflexes to time plays an important part in the systemic activity of the cerebral cortex, in the development of definite periodicity in physiological functions, and in the establishment of rhythmical pattern reactions in the working activity of man.