During World War II both the Allies and the Axis Powers fought for control of the Atlantic Ocean. The Allies wanted to use the Atlantic to resupply Great Britain and the Soviet Union in their fight against Germany and Italy. This fight for control of the Atlantic Ocean is called the Battle of the Atlantic.

Consequently, why did the Allies win the Battle of the Atlantic?

The Battle of the Atlantic was the struggle between the Allied and German forces for control of the Atlantic Ocean. The Allies needed to keep the vital flow of men and supplies going between North America and Europe, where they could be used in the fighting, while the Germans wanted to cut these supply lines.

Likewise, what major events happened in the Battle of the Atlantic? Destroyer Escorts in the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest battle of World War II. It began immediately upon the British declaration of war against Germany in September 1939 and ended with Germany's surrender to the Allies in May 1945.

Similarly one may ask, what was the overall Allied strategy during the Battle of the Atlantic?

For the Allied powers, the battle had three objectives: blockade of the Axis powers in Europe, security of Allied sea movements, and freedom to project military power across the seas. The Axis, in turn, hoped to frustrate Allied use of the Atlantic to wage war.

Why was the control of the seas so important for the Allies and Axis?

The control of the Atlantic was so crucial to the Axis and Allies because it was only by the sea that the United States could deliver soldiers and supplies to the opponents of Hitler. If the Atlantic was not kept safe for shipping, the Axis Powers would win the war.

Related Question Answers

Could Germany have won the battle of the Atlantic?

The only way they could havewon” the battle of the Atlantic was lost to them when American ships started joining the convoys transporting cargo to Britain. By tonnage the German, Fremch and Italian navies combined could have daunted Britain at sea, especially before Britain regained superiority in its own airspace.

Which European countries were part of the allies?

Germany had allies such as Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania. These European countries were part of the Axis Powers. The countries that fought against Germany and the Axis Powers in Europe were called the Allied Powers. The main Allied Powers in Europe were Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France.

What was the black pit?

Black Pit

Many of these attacks took place in an area of the mid-Atlantic that became known as the “Black Pit” — a stretch of ocean beyond the range of Allied aircraft tasked with providing aerial coverage for the convoys.

Why is it called D Day?

The D simply stands for “day.” The designation was traditionally used for the date of any important military operation or invasion, according to the National World War II Museum. Thus, the day before June 6, 1944, was known as D-1 and the days after were D+1, D+2, D+ and so on.

What was the Atlantic Star medal awarded for?

The Atlantic Star is a military campaign medal, instituted by the United Kingdom in May 1945 for award to British Commonwealth forces who took part in the Battle of the Atlantic, the longest continuous campaign of the Second World War.

How many died in the Battle of the Atlantic?

The final actions of the Battle of the Atlantic took place on May 8, 1945, just before German surrender. Allies lost around 3,500 merchant ships and 175 warships in the fighting, along with roughly 72,000 sailors killed. German casualties numbered 783 U-boats and around 30,000 sailors (75% of the U-boat force).

Who won the Battle of Britain?

In the event, the battle was won by the Royal Air Force (RAF) Fighter Command, whose victory not only blocked the possibility of invasion but also created the conditions for Great Britain's survival, for the extension of the war, and for the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany.

Why was control of the Atlantic Ocean?

During World War II both the Allies and the Axis Powers fought for control of the Atlantic Ocean. The Allies wanted to use the Atlantic to resupply Great Britain and the Soviet Union in their fight against Germany and Italy. The Axis Powers wanted to stop them.

How many American ships were sunk by German U Boats?

On 17 March, German submarines sank three American merchant vessels, and the U.S. declared war on Germany in April 1917.

Are there any German U boats left?

Yes, there are 4 actual German Uboats left today and one that can be considered a prototype for one of the earlier class. U-505 of type IXC.

What started the Battle of the Atlantic?

The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest battle of World War II. It began immediately upon the British declaration of war against Germany in September 1939 and ended with Germany's surrender to the Allies in May 1945.

How many German ships were sunk in ww2?

Though six major units of the Kriegsmarine were sunk during the war (both Bismarck-class battleships and both Scharnhorst-class battleships, as well as two heavy cruisers), there were still many ships afloat (including four heavy cruisers and four light cruisers) as late as March 1945.

Where did they fight in ww2?

As the name suggested, events of World War II took place across the globe. Most of the combat action took place in Europe, East Asia, and islands in the Pacific Ocean, but others were seen in places as far away as Madagascar and the Aleutian Islands.

Why did Germany lose the Battle of the Atlantic?

Germany lost the Battle of the Atlantic because: Convoys, protected by destroyers and other ships, were utilized. At night and in fog, the convoys were difficult or impossible to see. Radar continually improved and in the end could spot submarine conning towers 40 miles away, at night.

What did the allies face in the Atlantic?

For the Allied powers, the battle had three objectives: blockade of the Axis powers in Europe, security of Allied sea movements, and freedom to project military power across the seas. For British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the Battle of the Atlantic represented Germany's best chance to defeat the Western powers.

What was Germany's goal in the Battle of the Atlantic?

The Battle of the Atlantic was the struggle between the Allied and German forces for control of the Atlantic Ocean. The Allies needed to keep the vital flow of men and supplies going between North America and Europe, where they could be used in the fighting, while the Germans wanted to cut these supply lines.

Why was control of the seas so important for the Allies and Axis?

The control of the Atlantic was so crucial to the Axis and Allies because it was only by the sea that the United States could deliver soldiers and supplies to the opponents of Hitler. If the Atlantic was not kept safe for shipping, the Axis Powers would win the war.

How did the Battle of the Atlantic end?

Destroyer Escorts in the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest battle of World War II. It began immediately upon the British declaration of war against Germany in September 1939 and ended with Germany's surrender to the Allies in May 1945.