Terms in this set (5) How did the expansion of the Roman republic affect Roman farmers? They could produce lots of food cheaply, which caused the smaller Roman farmers to go bankrupt & lose their land. The poor farmers moved to the crowded city to look for work, but there were other unemployed poor people.

Hereof, how did Rome's expansion impact the republic?

Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.

Furthermore, what was the role of farming in the Roman economy? Farming was the base of the Roman economy. The most important crops were grains like wheat. Grain was shipped to Rome to feed its massive population. Augustus's rule began a long period of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana, or the “Roman Peace”.

In this manner, how did geography influence the development of Roman civilization compared to the development of Greek civilization?

Italy was much easier to unify than Greece. Both were peninsulas. Greece had lots of smaller city-states because the rugged mountains & coasts and hundreds of rocky islands kept them all separate.

What were the benefits of the Roman expansion?

Costs and Benefits of Roman Expansion. During the second period of Roman expansion, many people fell into poverty. Poverty was spreading throughout Rome because Hannibal had destroyed farms. Other farms had been neglected in order to fight the Punic Wars.

Related Question Answers

Who made the laws in the Roman Republic?

The laws were enforced by an official called the praetor. The praetor was the second highest ranking official in the Roman republic (after the consuls). The praetor was responsible for the administration of justice. To keep the laws in the city, the Romans had a police force called the Vigiles.

What was the role of the consuls in the Roman Republic?

Consul. The consuls were the chairmen of the Senate, which served as a board of advisers. They also commanded the Roman army (both had two legions) and exercised the highest juridical power in the Roman empire.

How did the Roman republic end?

The final defeat of Mark Antony and his ally Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, and the Senate's grant of extraordinary powers to Octavian as Augustus in 27 BC – which effectively made him the first Roman emperor – thus ended the Republic.

What was the main reason for the decline of the Roman Republic?

1. Invasions by Barbarian tribes. The most straightforward theory for Western Rome's collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire's borders.

Why was the Roman republic so successful?

In addition, Rome was successful because of her ability to solve internal political problems peacefully. The great example of this: the Struggle of Orders. During the early days of the Republic, Romans were divided into two classes, the patricians and the plebians.

Why the Roman republic was better than the Empire?

The Roman republic was very successful, and continued for five centuries. However, after being wrecked by numerous civil wars, the republic was transformed into an emperor run Principate. The Roman republic was ruled by a unique government that enabled Rome to expand beyond its city walls.

Why was the Roman republic important?

The Roman Empire was one of the most successful expressions of Democracy in ancient times. The Romans practiced a form of Democracy (SPQR stands for the Senate and People of Rome) on a wide scale basis for the first time. Every class in Roman society felt represented (except slaves).

In what year was the Roman republic founded?

510 BC

How did Greece influence the culture of Rome What were the similarities and differences?

Similarities. Rome came under strong Greek influence when it expanded, especially from the Greek speaking cities in South Italy and Sicily, but then from Greece proper and the various Hellenistic kingdoms. Both cultures had numerous immigrants. Greek and roman residents practiced polytheist religion.

What was the relationship between Greek and Roman culture?

Roman culture, literature, art, military, and civilization is largely based on the Greek predecessor. For example, the Roman gods have the same patronage as the Greek gods; their personalities and names differ, but they are essentially the same concept. Greece is really the foundation on which Rome built their society.

How did ancient Rome grow and prosper?

The mild climate enabled Romans to grow wheat, grapes, and olives. This abundance o food supported the people and allowed Rome to prosper. While the climate made year-long agriculture possible, Rome also had the advantage to be near water. The Tiber River helped the agricultural system to prosper.

How did the Etruscans influence the Roman civilization?

Early Rome was deeply influenced by Etruscan culture (the word “Rome” is Etruscan). Their culture was influenced by Greek traders, and by the Greek colonists of southern Italy. The Etruscan alphabet is Greek in its origins. They in turn passed on their alphabet to the Romans.

Who were the top government officials in the Roman republic and what were their duties?

Who were the top government officials in the Roman Republic and what were their duties? Consuls. There were 2 consuls and they headed the army and ran the government. They also kept each other in line because each could veto the other's decision.

What were the main similarities and differences between Greek and Roman political structures?

The main similarities between Greek and Roman political structures were that both empires were made up of several city-states, both believed that the citizens needed to actively participate in politics and military service, and both favored aristocratic rule.

How did the Greek culture influence the development of the Roman Republic?

Like the Greeks, their beliefs were polytheistic, worshipping many gods. The influence they had over Rome is that most of the institutions and customs came from the Etruscans. Rome's name is of Etruscan origin, and the language was also derived from them.

Who were the original Romans?

According to the founding myth of Rome, the city was founded on 21 April 753 BC on the banks of the river Tiber in central Italy, by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, who descended from the Trojan prince Aeneas, and who were grandsons of the Latin King Numitor of Alba Longa.

Who were the Latins Where did they live?

The Latins were originally an Italic tribe in ancient central Italy from Latium. As Roman power and colonization spread Latin culture, Latins came to mean mostly unified Italic people and the Latin-speaking people of Dacia, Iberia, Illyria, and Gaul whose land was settled by Latin colonists (see Latin peoples).

What did the Roman farmers grow?

Many different things were grown in the Roman countryside, but the most commonly grown crops reflected their diet. This included grains such as wheat, barley, and spelt, which were used for making bread, as well as grapes for wine and olives for oil.

How did slaves affect the daily Roman economy?

Slaves in the farmland did works needed ad running the farm. Cultivation of the crops would contribute to the Roman economy. The public and city-owned slaves had other jobs to perform their jobs which were to build roads and buildings and to repair the aqueducts that brought water to the citizens of Rome.