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Rule of Thumb — The maximum size unit you should buy would be 15% over the BTUs you need for cooling and 40% of the BTUs for heating. The max for heat pumps is 25%, since it handles both cooling and heating.
First, calculate the square footage of your home that will need to be cooled by the system, and multiply by 25. The rule of thumb is that it takes about 25 BTUs to cool one square foot of home, so that’ll give you a rough estimate of how many BTUs you’ll need to cool the entirety of your house.
|ZONE 1||ZONE 2|
|3 Tons||1501 – 1800 sf||1501 – 1850 sf|
|3.5 Tons||1801 – 2100 sf||1851 – 2150 sf|
|4 Tons||2101 – 2400 sf||2151 – 2500 sf|
|5 Tons||2401 – 3000 sf||2501 – 3100 sf|
|ZONE 1||ZONE 4|
|3 Tons||1501 – 1800 sf||1601 – 2000 sf|
|3.5 Tons||1801 – 2100 sf||2001 – 2250 sf|
|4 Tons||2101 – 2400 sf||2251 – 2700 sf|
|5 Tons||2401 – 3000 sf||2751 – 3300 sf|
|Home Sq Footage||Air Conditioner Size (tons)|
|600 – 1,000 square feet||1.5 tons|
|1,000 – 1,500 square feet||2 tons|
|1,500 – 2,000 square feet||3 tons|
|2,000 – 2,500 square feet||4 tons|
When including a finished basement, use 1/2 of the finished basement square footage with the rest of the area being calculated. mobile homes. In determining a furnace that is right for your needs you will need to determine the direction in which the heated air flows or is discharged from the furnace.
- Calculate the square footage of your home. …
- Find out What Climate Zone Your Home Is In Climate is another factor that helps determine how many BTUs you need to heat your home. …
- Multiply your square footage by 40, the lower number recommended for the climate zone.
A basic rule of thumb is that it takes 30 BTUs for every 1,000 square feet. At the most basic level, if you have a 1,000 square foot house, you’ll look for a furnace that has 30,000 BTU output.
Generally in a Californian climate you will need 25-30 BTU per square foot. BTU is a measurement of a furnace’s heat output. 1500 sq feet by 25 BTU gives us a 37,500 BTU furnace.
A 1,200-square-foot home will require between 35,000 and 75,000 BTUs. A 1,500-square-foot home will require between 45,000 to 90,000 BTUs. A 1,800-square-foot home will require between 55,000 to 110,000 BTUs.
If you live in a home that’s about 1,800 square feet, has standard 8-foot ceilings, average sun exposure, and it’s a cold climate, you’ll probably need a 3-ton, (36,000 BTUs) unit. Change that to a hot climate, and you’ll need to upsize that to a 3.5-ton (42,000 BTUs) unit. Assuming all variables remain the same.
A mid-sized home of 2,000 square feet would need approximately 50,000 to 60,000 Btu to heat it properly. With a less efficient furnace operating at 80 percent efficiency this would require a 60,000- to 72,000-Btu furnace.
|Central AC Unit Size||AC & Coil||AC & Coil Installed Cost|
|2.5 Tons, 30,000 btu||$1,525||$2,695|
|3 Tons, 36,000 btu||$1,650||$2,990|
|3.5 Tons, 42,000 btu||$1,780||$3,250|
|4 Tons, 48,000 btu||$1,860||$3,350|
|House Size (Sq Ft):||Furnace Size (in BTUs):|
|2100 sq ft home||94,500 BTU furnace|
|2200 sq ft home||99,000 BTU furnace|
|2300 sq ft home||103,500 BTU furnace|
|2400 sq ft home||108,000 BTU furnace|
|Area (Square Feet):||BTU||Tonnage|
|600 sq ft||12,000 BTU||1 Ton|
|900 sq ft||18,000 BTU||1.5 Tons|
|1,200 sq ft||24,000 BTU||2 Tons|
|1,500 sq ft||30,000 BTU||2.5 Tons|
Furnace CapacitySquare Footage(Hot Climate)Square Footage(Cold Climate)70,000 BTU2,320 sq ft1,270 sq ft80,000 BTU2,650 sq ft1,450 sq ft90,000 BTU3,000 sq ft1,630 sq ft100,000 BTU3,320 sq ft1,810 sq ft
Here’s some math: You need around 20 BTUs per square foot, which is equivalent to 0.0016 tons. For example, a 600-square-foot space requires a 12,000 BTU or 1-ton unit. By those calculations, an average 1,800-square-foot house would need a 3-ton central air conditioning unit.
One difference that you may find between 14 SEER and 16 SEER units is that the 14 SEER units generally have a single-stage compressor while the 16 SEER units often have a two-stage compressor. … Not only does the two-stage compressor make your HVAC unit more energy-efficient, it also allows for longer run-times.
Having a furnace that’s too big for your space is extremely inefficient. There are two simple signs that indicate that your furnace is most likely oversized: Your furnace runs for a short period of time before shutting off. Your home has uncomfortable hot and cold rooms.
Furnace and Air Conditioner size for a semi-detached 2-storey home. *The above square footages do not include the area of the basement.
For a space of 800 to 900 square feet, such as a small home or two-bedroom townhouse, the recommendation is between 30,000 and 45,000 BTUs. An average 2,000-square foot home will need between 80,000 and 115,000 BTUs to heat efficiently. Need a new furnace?
An undersized furnace will work fine for the majority of the time, but every once in a while it won’t get the house quite as warm as desired. … An over-sized furnace will keep the house warm no matter how cold it gets outside, but it does so at a cost. First, it will probably make the house less comfortable.
The answer to the question, “what size AC unit for 2400 square feet?”, would be, is 60,000 BTUs or 5 Tons. It’s possible to fall between unit sizes, so if that’s the case with you, then you should choose the next higher size. That way, you can be sure that the AC unit can still cool a given area sufficiently.
Typical BTUs NeededArea (sq. ft.)Room TypeRecommended BTUs100-300Bedroom or home office5,000-6,000100-300Master bedroom or playroom7,000-8,500350-650Living room, family room, or open plan9,800-12,500
Room/Area SizeHeating Capacity(BTU)1,700 sq ft77,000-93,000 BTU1,800 sq ft81,000-99,000 BTU2,000 sq ft90,000-110,000 BTU2,200 sq ft100,000-120,000 BTU
Installing or replacing a furnace costs between $2,796 and $6,743 with an average cost of $4,641 including materials, equipment and labor. Replacing a gas furnace runs from $3,800 to $10,000 or more for high efficiency models in complex installations. Electric models run slightly less at $2,000 to $7,000.
A heater with a higher BTU rating is more powerful — that is, it has a higher heat output — than one with a low BTU rating. It can do more to raise the temperature in your room each hour, so you can either heat a room more quickly or heat a larger space.
The average cost range for purchasing and installing a gas furnace designed to heat a 2,000-square-foot home with a 97% efficiency rating ranges from $4,000 to $8,000, with most homeowners spending around $6,000 total on a high-efficiency gas furnace replacement in a 2,000 sq. ft. home with minor modifications.
To calculate the size of the air conditioner you need for a room, first, multiply the length of the room with its width. Then multiply it with 25 BTU to get the ample cooling for the room under different weather conditions. For example, if the room is 15 feet long and 12 feet wide, it comes to 180 square feet.
For example, a 700- to 1,500-square-foot home will require a BTU rating between 40,000 and 60,000, which will cost between $2,000 and $3,000. A furnace for a home ranging in size from 2,000 and 5,000 square feet will need between 125,000 and 150,000 BTUs and will cost in the neighborhood of $3,300 to $6,500.
Calculating the number of BTUs needed to heat an area For example, a 300 square foot room typically requires 7,000 BTUs to maintain a comfortable temperature, while a 1,000 square foot room requires 18,000 BTUs.
According to this common but somewhat inaccurate method, you need 1 ton of air cooling capacity for every so many square feet of living space. While there’s some dispute over the exact amount, an often-used amount is 600 square feet. A 2.5-ton unit, then, theoretically would fit a 1,500-square-foot home.
A properly sized unit will kick on and off periodically to control the temperature. Undersized air conditioners will struggle to ever get the room cool enough and therefore will fail to go through healthy on and off cycles. This extra wear and tear will lessen the life of your ac and cost you more in repairs.
New AC unit cost recap When it comes to a 3.5-ton AC unit cost, you will pay around $3,500 to $3,700. A 4-ton AC unit cost is $3,700 to $3,800 on average.
There’s no magic SEER number. Anything over 13 is great. Because if you have an old 8 SEER system and replace it with a 16 SEER unit, you could significantly reduce the cost of cooling your home. Don’t forget to look at tax credits and manufacturer’s rebates that can bring the down the cost of a high SEER system.
The simple answer is No. When replacing the outside AC unit in your home, HVAC experts recommend that you also replace the indoor unit. While this is entirely your decision, failure to replace both can cause issues such as reduced efficiency, regular failures, and increased cooling costs.
A well-maintained furnace can last at least 15 to 20 years, but completing annual maintenance and being diligent with repairs can extend its life even longer.