Dickens also uses Marley’s character to act as a ​catalyst ​for Scrooge’s change​. He instils feelings of fear in Scrooge, evidenced by the ​“terrible sensation”​ he feels after Marley’s visit. This ultimately offers Scrooge a chance at redemption, as this fear is what initially drives his desire to change.
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What does Scrooge learn from the ghost of Marley?

Scrooge learns that the chain he has forged is a fearsome thing that dwarfs the one Marley must drag behind him. The ghost offers to help Scrooge and tells him that three spirits will visit him to help in his possible salvation. … The spirits succeed, and Scrooge is transformed by their visitations.

What role did Marley ghost play in Scrooge's transformation?

Finally the ghost completes Scrooges transformation by taking him to a church where he shows Scrooge his own grave this is followed by an understanding of this ghosts lesson that if he were to continue as he was “squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching [and] covetous” what he has seen will happen to him …

Why does Jacob Marley's ghost visit Scrooge Why does he want Scrooge to change?

A ‘good man of business’, at the time of the story’s setting on Christmas Eve he has been dead for seven years that night and Marley’s ghost visits Scrooge at the beginning of the story to warn him that he will be visited by three other Spirits who will offer him a chance of redemption.

What lesson did Scrooge learn from the ghost of the future?

In Stave 4, Scrooge learns the truth about the value of his life as it applies to other people. What he comes to see through the lessons of the final spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come, is that when the final tally is taken, his life, in the eyes of his fellow man, will be worth nothing.

How does Dickens present Marley as an influential figure in the transformation of Scrooge's character?

Jacob Marley had the greatest effect on Scrooge, because he created the opportunity for his transformation. There was not just one character who had an influence on Scrooge. … Fred visited Scrooge and invited him to dinner. This piqued Scrooge’s conscience, and caused him to dream the whole thing.

What was the relationship between Marley and Scrooge?

Jacob Marley In the living world, Ebenezer Scrooge’s equally greedy partner. Marley died seven years before the narrative opens. He appears to Scrooge as a ghost condemned to wander the world bound in heavy chains. Marley hopes to save his old partner from suff ering a similar fate.

What did Marley reveal about Scrooge's chain?

Marley’s appearance warns Scrooge of his potential fate. “I wear the chain I forged in life,” replied the Ghost. “I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it on of my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it. … “That is no light part of my penance,” pursued the Ghost.

How does Scrooge react to Marley's Ghost?

Scrooge shouts in disbelief, refusing to admit that he sees Marley’s ghost–a strange case of food poisoning, he claims. The ghost begins to murmur: He has spent seven years wandering the Earth in his heavy chains as punishment for his sins.

What did Marley do to cause Scrooge beg for mercy?

What did Marley do to cause Scrooge to beg for mercy? Marley screamed a ghostly, fearful scream. to his boyhood town, to a warehouse where Scrooge once worked. Who came to pick up Scrooge from school?

What happened during Jacob Marley's visit?

Scrooge is visited by Marley Back at home, Scrooge has strange visions of the door knocker and tiles bearing the face of his old business partner, Jacob Marley. He refuses to believe his eyes, but then Marley’s ghost appears and frightens Scrooge by rattling his chains.

How do the ghosts help Scrooge change?

The ghost does not speak which reflects that the future is unknown and that only Scrooge has the power to change it. The ultimate role of the ghost is to instil fear in Scrooge to catalyse his change. The ghost does this by showing Scrooge the body of a man (which is himself) that is “unwatched, unkept or uncared for”.

What was the reason for Marley's jaw dropping when the bandage was removed?

(http://www.wramc.army.mil/education/tobaccohistory.htm) If we can assume the tightwad Marley may have indulged in the practice of smoking, especially cigars, it’s possible he may have developed oral cancer, which could explain his jaw dropping after he removes the bandage.

What type of person is Scrooge at the end of the story?

By the end of the story, Scrooge is a changed man, sharing his wealth and generosity with everyone. According to Dickens’s description, Scrooge is cold through and through. No warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill him. Dickens uses pathetic fallacy to represent Scrooge’s nature.

Which ghost inspired the most change for Scrooge?

The ghost of christmas future had the greatest effect on Scrooge because the spirit showed Scrooge his own grave and frightened him into changing his ways.

How does Dickens use Marley's ghost to introduce the theme of redemption?

In Scrooge we see a man who is transformed from a greedy, selfish miser into a generous and good-natured character by the end. He is shown the error of his ways by the ghosts that visit him and is redeemed by his own willingness to change.

How does the ghost of Christmas present act towards Scrooge?

Dickens describes the ghost as open and cheerful – in actions and appearance. Its dark brown curls were long and free; free as its genial face, its sparkling eye, its open hand, its cheery voice, its unconstrained demeanour, and its joyful air. … The Ghost invites Scrooge to join him in a welcoming manner.

How does Marley try to help Scrooge?

How does Marley try to help Scrooge? He warns Scrooge of his fate if he doesn’t change his ways. What lesson does Scrooge learn from Fezziwig? The value of being a good employee.

In what ways do Scrooge and Marley seem alike?

They are both characterized as excessively greedy men, and that likeness adds significance to Marley’s ghost appearing to Scrooge and explaining what horrible fate he has met in the afterlife for being so tightfisted and selfish.

How are Scrooge and Marley connected Why does Dickens repeat the word sole so many times what is he trying to Emphasise?

The repetition of the word ‘sole’ emphasises the fact that Scrooge was all Marley had, implying that the opposite was also true. Therefore, this shows the reader that Scrooge is alone and friendless. In addition, Dickens sets up a clear link between the two – so much so that Scrooge is willing to answer to either name.

Who was Marley What warning did Marley's Ghost give to Scrooge?

Marley comes to warn Scrooge of the future that is waiting for him if he does not change his ways. He says that it is the job of men to live among and help their fellow man when they are alive. If they do not do so, they are condemned to do so in death.

What does Marley's Ghost tell Scrooge about the afterlife?

Marley’s ghost tells Scrooge that Marley’s afterlife was all about traveling all over the place and watching Scrooge going down the path that Marley has layed out for him. In the book, it states, “The whole time, said the ghost.

How did Marley explain to Scrooge why spirits walked the earth?

How did Marley explain to Scrooge why “spirits” walked the earth? Those who hadn’t walked among their fellow men in life had to after death. … He was a different man than the one whom she had made a contract.

How does Dickens present Marley's ghost as a fearful character?

The chain he drew was clasped around his middle.” Dickens presents Marley with a long chain wrapped around him made of “cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds and heavy purses” to show that he is trapped by his regrets made in life and he isn’t free of his sins.

What has Marley's Ghost been doing since his death?

What has Marley’s ghost been doing since his death? Marley’s ghost had been traveling since his death. What warning does Marley give Scrooge? Marley tells Scrooge that he will be haunted by three ghosts.

What did Scrooge do after Marley's Ghost left?

The ghost of Jacob Marley. He gave Scrooge a warning that three ghosts were going to come for three nights. … What did Scrooge do after his visitor left? Scrooge went to bed.

How do the four ghosts contribute to the changes in Scrooge's attitudes towards the poor and Christmas?

The four ghosts expose Scrooge to his past, present, and future. … The Ghost of Christmas Present showed him his life, his lack of empathy, and even his greed. The third ghost showed him the future that could be….. a future that could change if Scrooge himself was willing to change.

How do you think Scrooge changed his life after these experiences with the ghosts?

1. How do you think Scrooge changed his life after these experiences with the ghosts? Answer: He became sympathetic and started to understand the pain and suffering of the needy. He no longer believed Christmas to be humbug but a time to make merry in the midst of people one loves.

How does Scrooge change throughout the essay?

By the end of the novel we can see that Scrooge has changed a great deal. He has changed from a selfish and inconsiderate man to a charitable, caring man with a kind heart. His behavior changes due to a mixture of shock, fear and guilty conscience.

Why is Marley's ghost condemned to wandering the earth?

As punishment for his greedy and self-serving life his spirit has been condemned to wander the Earth weighted down with heavy chains. Marley hopes to save Scrooge from sharing the same fate.

How are the ghosts being tormented?

How are the ghosts being tormented? They long to help people, but they forever lost the power to do so. What is unusual about the point of view of the novel? It is third person limited, but Scrooge is described in a negative way.

When Marley's ghost floats out the bedroom window What does Scrooge see outside?

HE TOOK HIS NAME OUT. When Marley’s ghost floats out the bedroom window, what does Scrooge see outside? HE SEES THE AIR FILLED WITH PHANTOMS, WANDERING BACK AND FORTH IN THE NIGHT.

What kind of childhood did Scrooge have?

Scrooge reports that he spent most of his childhood in boarding school. He was often isolated and forgotten by his family. He felt and still believes that his father did not care much for him. He states the only relative that paid much attention to him was his sister, Fan.

Is Scrooge a real last name?

Ebenezer Scrooge (/ˌɛbɪˈniːzər ˈskruːdʒ/) is the protagonist of Charles Dickens’ 1843 novella A Christmas Carol.

What happens when the spirit sprinkles incense on the food of the poor?

As the people pass, the Ghost of Christmas Present is entranced by them, and sprinkles incense from his torch on their food, which has a magical effect of making any disagreements vanish. He tells Scrooge that the incense is a particular flavor, and is best given to a poor dinner.