Uses. Sitka spruce is of major importance in forestry for timber and paper production. Outside its native range, it is particularly valued for its fast growth on poor soils and exposed sites where few other trees can prosper; in ideal conditions, young trees may grow 1.5 m (5 ft) per year.
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How long does a Sitka spruce take to grow?

It takes around 40 years from planting before most Sitka spruce trees are harvested, and only a proportion of those trees meet the stronger, higher value construction grades.

How much does Sitka spruce grow in a year?

Sitka is fast-growing, even in poor soils and on exposed ground, making it perfect for the Scottish climate. In fact, it’s so fast-growing – young trees can grow as much as 1.5m in a year – it can be tricky to estimate a sitka tree’s age just by looking at it.

What spruce tree grows the fastest?

The fastest-growing spruce tree, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, is the triangular-shaped Norway spruce (Picea abies), which is part of many suburban home and rural farm landscapes throughout Europe, the United States and Canada.

Why is Sitka spruce so special?

Sitka spruce is valued for its wood, which is light, soft, and relatively strong and flexible. It is used for general construction, ship building and plywood. The wood has excellent acoustic properties and is used to make sounding boards in pianos and other musical instruments such as violins and guitars.

How can I make my spruce tree grow faster?

Sprinkle a fertilizer around the base of the tree. Use a 10-8-6 quick-release formulation during April, May, June or early July. Between July 15 and October 15, choose a slow-release 10-8-6 fertilizer instead, so that you do not encourage too much growth before winter.

How tall can a Sitka spruce grow?

This conifer is the largest of the spruce species and the third-largest tree in the world – after the coastal redwood and Douglas-fir – averaging 125-180 feet tall and three to five feet in diameter.

How fast do Norway spruce grow?

The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3′ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 inch long, and can grow up to 5 ft a year in a good weather year. It never drops its needles but keeps them on for up to 10 years. Its branches extend to the ground, giving excellent wind protection.

What is the fastest growing tree?

  • Quaking Aspen. …
  • October Glory Red Maple. …
  • Arborvitae Green Giant. …
  • River Birch. …
  • Dawn Redwood. …
  • Leyland Cypress. …
  • Paper Birch. …
  • Pin Oak. A large shade tree that quickly reaches its 70 foot height with an average growth rate of 2.5 feet per year.

How fast does red spruce grow?

Red Spruce can be a bit slow-growing at first; However, it is capable of growing 1 foot or more a year in good conditions.

What is the easiest evergreen tree to grow?

Make it quick with the Murray Cypress. One of the fastest-growing evergreen trees, the Murray Cypress (Cupressocyparis x leylandi ‘Murray’) can spurt up to 4 feet in a single year until it reaches a mature height of 30 to 40 feet and a base width of 10 feet.

What is the fastest-growing evergreen tree for privacy?

1. Thuja x ‘Green Giant’ – Hybrid Arborvitae. Green Giant might be the best evergreen for privacy. It has an extremely fast growth rate, putting on 3-4′ per year.

What are the fastest-growing cedars?

A fast-growing evergreen for year round screens and windbreaks, the Green Rocket® Hybrid Cedar (Thuja Plicata x Standishii) can grow 3 ft. or more per year. In fact, on the east coast there have been several instances of 5 ft. of growth in a single season on established plants.

What animal eats the Sitka spruce?

The Sitka Spruce is the state tree of Alaska and it gets its name from an island there, formerly known as Sitka Island. It is enjoyed by wildlife such as deer, porcupines, elk, bear, and rabbits who will eat the twigs, and seeds.

How much does Sitka spruce cost?

A top-grade soundboard will cost from $35 to $50. But the price of construction grade Sitka spruce approaches that of pine. Specially sawn, vertical grain lumber may cost $3 a board foot.

Can you speed up tree growth?

Boosting tree growth involves pruning young shade trees only once every two years to avoid the potentially stunting effects of removing too many leaves from the canopy. Remove dead, damaged and diseased limbs when pruning as well as any that crowd each other, rub against each other or grow back towards the trunk.

How fast does a spruce tree grow?

While the majority of these coniferous tree species have a fairly unremarkable average growth rate (between 6 inches and 11 inches per year), the Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Colorado blue spruce (Picea pungens glauca) are renowned for their extraordinarily fast rates of growth.

What makes evergreens grow faster?

Generally, evergreens grow better when soil pH is acidic; many nutrients may be unavailable to the plant when soil is too alkaline. Depending on rainfall, water evergreens through late fall. The best time to fertilize your evergreens is before new growth expands, around early April in Minnesota, up to about mid-July.

How much water does a Sitka spruce need?

Sitka Spruce – Species requirements It requires a lot of light and atmospheric humidity. It needs 900 mm of water each year, with a minimum of 130 mm in summer. Sitka spruce therefore prefers cold and wind to summer droughts. He is thus able to live 700 years.

Is Sitka spruce good for guitars?

The most commonly used wood for guitar tops, Sitka generates a broad dynamic range and accommodates numerous playing styles, from aggressive strumming to fingerpicking. As a guitar soundboard, or top, Sitka spruce is the tonewood standard of the modern era. It’s used on 85-90 percent of the guitars that Taylor makes.

What kind of soil does Sitka spruce like?

Sitka spruce grows best on sites with deep, moist, well-drained soils [22]. It can tolerate the salty ocean spray of seaside dunes, headlands, and beaches, and the brackish water of bogs [34]. Sitka spruce is limited to areas of high annual precipitation with cool, moist summers [16,23].

How far apart should Norway Spruce be planted?

The Norway Spruce adds great texture and huge heights to the home landscape. This long living tree is perfect for a tall windbreak or privacy screen. Plant 12 to 15 feet apart for a tight screen.

How old do Norway Spruce get?

In Great Britain and North America, the Norway Spruce is a favorite cut Christmas tree each year. Whether growing in its native habitat or as an ornamental tree elsewhere, the Norway spruce rarely exceeds a lifespan of 220 years, according to the Muhlenberg College.

Is a Norway pine the same as a Norway Spruce?

ANSWER: Pinus resinosa (red pine/Norway Pine) is native to the Northeast US and Canada despite its misleading name. Norway Spruce (Picea abies) is native to Europe so we do not have a lot of information about it in our database.

What is the cleanest shade tree?

  • Red Maple. Maple trees are ideal for providing shade and shape to any yard. …
  • Flowering Dogwood. …
  • Raywood Ash. …
  • Fruitless Mulberry. …
  • American Hornbeam. …
  • Japanese Zelkova. …
  • Sweetbay Magnolia. …
  • Fruitless Olive Trees.
How fast do dogwood trees grow?

White dogwood trees grow to be 15-25 feet tall, with a spread of 20-25 feet. They grow at a slow-moderate rate of 1-2 feet per year.

What is the fastest growing shade tree you can buy?

  • Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) …
  • Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) …
  • Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) …
  • Red Sunset Maple (Acer rubrum ‘Franksred’) …
  • Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) …
  • Pin Oak (Quercus palustris) …
  • River Birch (Betula nigra) …
  • Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
What elevation does red spruce grow at?

In the northern part of its range, red spruce grows at elevations from near sea level to about 1370 m (4,500 ft) (22). In the southern Appalachian Mountains it comes in at elevations as low as 1370 m (4,500 ft) and from there to about 1520 m (5,000 ft) it is mixed with hardwoods and eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis).

How tall do red spruce trees grow?

Red Spruce is a long-loved species and can grow to more than 350 years in age. Average height is usually around 60-75 feet with a diameter of 1-2 feet, although the tree can grow larger under the right circumstances.

What is red spruce good for?

Uses of the Red Spruce Red Spruce is one of the most important forest trees in the northeast. The wood is light, soft, and faintly tinged with red. This tree is used primarily for lumber and pulpwood. It is also used for construction lumber, plywood, boxes, sash frames, and musical stringed instruments.

What is the most hardy spruce tree?

Norway Spruce (Picea abies) Most forms are hardy in zone 3 and they will grow all the way through zone 7, and even in zone 8 in the north-west, so they are a good choice for most gardens. This tree is not particularly drought resistant, and it’s not a good choice if you have dry soil and hot, dry summers.

Are spruce trees hard to grow?

Growing white spruce trees in the landscape is very easy and forgiving, as long as your climate is right. The trees are hardy in USDA zones 2 through 6, and are very tough against cold winter weather and wind.

What is the most disease resistant spruce tree?

A little hard to find in garden centers, Oriental spruce seems to be more resistant to the needlecast diseases that are decimating blue spruce. The dense habit, sleek pyramidal form, and glossy green needles make this one of the nicest specimen or screening conifers, even without counting the reddish-purple cones.

How much does a spruce tree grow per year?

Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24″ per year.

What is a fast growing tree for privacy?

You can use leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) as an individual tree or planted in groups for a tall, fast-growing hedge for privacy and screening. It grows one to three feet per year, reaching up to 70 feet, and prefers full sun and well-drained soil in Zones 7-10.

What is the fastest growing evergreen hedge?

Leylandii (Green) The Leylandii is a conifer that’s the fastest-growing, evergreen hedge and will create one quickly.

Are cedar trees fast or slow growing?

Cedars, in general, can grow over 25 inches a year for their fastest rate of growth, but usually fall in a range of 12 to 24 inches annually.

Is Sitka Spruce invasive?

In Scandinavia, home to the Norwegian spruce (“Christmas”) tree, Sitka spruce is officially an invasive species, and is being replaced.

Is Sitka Spruce hard?

Sitka spruce is the largest of the spruces, growing up to 70 metres tall and two metres in diameter. Found along the Pacific Coast, it is valued for wood that is light, soft, relatively strong and flexible.

How tall do Sitka Spruce grow in Ireland?

In its natural habitat Sitka Spruce grows to 160-180 feet. and occasion any to 200 feet. with a trunk girth of 24 feet to 36 feet or more ‘above the buttressed base, but ordinarily 100-125 feet high, with a trunk 9-18 feet in girth.