Most shingle manufacturers recommend at least four nails per shingle and six in high wind areas such as Florida and Oklahoma.

Keeping this in consideration, how many nails should be in a shingle?

four nails

Also Know, can you nail through shingles? Yes, professional roofers use nails to apply shingles, but they do so in a very specific way so that each nail is covered by the shingle above it. If your roofer adds another nail beneath the shingles, they‘ll be sure it lays flat.

Similarly, you may ask, how many nails do you put in a 3 tab shingle?

NAILING: Use galvanized (zinc coated) roofing nails, 11 or 12 gauge, with at least 3/8″ diameter heads, long enough to penetrate through plywood or 3/4″ into boards. Use 4 nails per shingle placed 6-1/8″ above the butt edge, 1″ and 13″ in from each end and 1/2″ above each cutout.

What size nails do you use for shingles?

The more common roof thickness is 3/4-inch decking. When installing asphalt shingles on felt only to any grade decking you should use 1-inch long roofing nails. When installing dimensional shingles to felt only, Roofhelp.com recommends you use 1 1/4-inch nails.

Related Question Answers

Is it better to hand nail shingles?

By handnailing the roof, roofers can ensure the nail is properly placed and is nailed in at the correct depth; flush with the shingle and not over- or under-driven. The advantage to nail guns is that they do reduce the amount of time and require less effort to put on a roof.

Which shingle brand is best?

Asphalt Shingle Roofing: 4 of the Best Brands in the U.S.
  • GAF Marquis WeatherMax® The GAF Marquis WeatherMax shingles are one of the best reasons that three-tab shingles have remained the most popular roofing material in the country.
  • CertainTeed XT™ 25.
  • Owens Corning Supreme® AR.
  • Tamko Heritage® Vintage.

Should roofing nails go through the sheathing?

A 1″ nail will fully penetrate through 3/8″ roof sheathing, but it won't fully penetrate 1/2″ sheathing. The other way to determine if the proper nails were used is to look in the attic; if the roof has 1/2″ sheathing, you should be able to see the nails sticking through in to the attic.

How far should roofing nails penetrate?

Nail length

Roofing nails should be long enough to penetrate the roofing material and go 19 mm into OSB, solid wood, plywood or non-veneer wood decking, or through thickness of decking, whichever is less.

How far should shingles hang over the edge?

The edge of the shingles should hang over a roof between an inch and an inch and a half — or between a half inch and three-quarters of an inch if drip edge flashing is installed. Too much overhang and the shingles could blow off in high winds; too little can allow water to seep into rake or fascia boards.

What are the best nails for roofing?

Stainless steel nails are good for fastening tiles and slate. Galvanized roofing nails, or steel nails coated in zinc, are perfect for asphalt shingles, and they hold up well against rust. Aluminum nails should be used for surfaces made out of metal and siding.

How do you install drip edge?

Installing roof drip edge flashing properly

Install roof drip edge along the eaves, add underlayment, then place drip edge along the gable end. The best way is to install the roof drip edge only along the eaves first, then place ice-and-water barrier (in the snowbelt) or felt paper (underlayment) over the drip edge.

How do you speed up shingles?

To install asphalt shingles, start by installing underlayment and new flashing on the roof. Once you've done that, cut your shingles to size if they're not already. Then, begin nailing the shingles to the roof, working in rows and starting at the edge of the roof.

Do you peel the plastic off of shingles?

No, leave the strip alone: In answer to a common reader question, not normally: according to roofing manufacturers, it is not required to remove the cellophane strip on the back of roof shingles before they are nailed.

How do you start laying shingles?

Part 1 Laying Shingles
  1. Size your shingles appropriately.
  2. Lay a starting row at the bottom of the roof along the edge.
  3. Lay the first row of shingles directly covering the narrow starter row.
  4. Lay the second row of shingles.
  5. Shingle around stacks, vents and chimneys as necessary.

How many years does a 3 tab shingle last?

The expected lifespan of a 3tab asphalt shingle roof, often called a 20-year shingle roof, is 15 to 18 years in Florida.

Why do roofing nails back out?

There are all sorts of reasons why nails back out of seemingly solid wood, but perhaps the most common reason is that the nail did not get a good bite into the wood when it was first driven. If the roofing nail happens to penetrate the sheathing along this seam, there is very little solid wood to hold the nail.

How much do you overlap shingles?

Shingle manufacturers specify a minimum overlap, usually in the range of 4 inches to 5 inches. On this roof, the minimum overlap specified by the manufacturer is 4 inches, and the recommended overlap is 6 1/2 inches.

What do roofing nails look like?

Galvanized roofing nails are steel nails that are zinc-coated. They hold up better against rust, and they can also be used for asphalt shingles. The length of the nail is the shank, and the shank can also vary. Screw shank nails are twisted and have sharp diamond tips, and they are used to securely fasten wood roofs.

How do you nail down loose shingles?

Place roofing nails on the top side of the loose shingle and hammer into place. Lay down the shingle bottom you were holding up to hammer in the nails to the loose shingle. The top shingle should be covering the bottom shingle's nails. Apply a dab of roofing cement to the nail heads to guard against leaks.

How far do you overlap roofing felt?

Roll out a few feet of felt and align the edge of the felt along the rake and the first course. Remember to leave a 2″ overlap. Drive about five nails in the top right-hand corner and roll out the felt about halfway (perhaps 25 feet) across the roof.

Can you put drip edge on after shingles?

The drip edge is often replaced when new shingles are installed, but it can be replaced at any time. Asphalt roof shingles can become brittle in cold weather, so wait until a warm (but not hot) day to remove and replace eave stripping.

What causes sliding shingles?

Slipped shingles are those shingles displaced from their original position on the roof due to fasteners being improperly located and/or overdriven and thereby having a reduced or nonexistent attachment to the roof deck.

How long are roofs supposed to last?

Homeowners with wood shake roofs should expect them to last about 30 years, while fiber cement shingles last about 25 years and asphalt shingle/composition roofs last about 20 years, the NAHB found. Climate and weather conditions, such as snow, hail and hurricanes, can cut the life span of all types of roofs.