There are currently 435 voting representatives. Five delegates and one resident commissioner serve as non-voting members of the House, although they can vote in committee.
The House is one of Congress’s two chambers (the other is the U.S. Senate), and part of the federal government’s legislative branch. The number of voting representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 435, proportionally representing the population of the 50 states.
The Senate has 100 members and is the upper house of the United States Congress. It is called the upper house because it has fewer members than the House of Representatives and has powers not granted to the House, such as giving approval to appointments of Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.
A Senate term is six years long, so senators may choose to run for reelection every six years unless they are appointed or elected in a special election to serve the remainder of a term.
Article I, Section II of the Constitution says that each state shall have at least one U.S. Representative, while the total size of a state’s delegation to the House depends on its population. … Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members.
The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …
House members must be twenty-five years of age and citizens for seven years. Senators are at least thirty years old and citizens for nine years. Another difference is who they represent. Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts.
The U.S. Congress consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each state elects two senators, while seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned by state according to population, with each state receiving a minimum of one representative.
In total, 348 women have been U.S. representatives and seven more women have been non-voting delegates. As of November 4, 2021, there are 120 women in the U.S. House of Representatives (not counting four female non-voting delegates), making women 27.6% of the total.
|Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
|Appointer||House of Representatives|
|Term length||At the House’s pleasure; elected at the beginning of the new Congress by a majority of the representatives-elect, and upon a vacancy during a Congress.|
|Constituting instrument||United States Constitution|
|Formation||March 4, 1789|
Indian citizens who have the right to vote means age of 18 or above people, irrespective of gender, caste, religion or race. Thus, the Lok Sabha is called the Lower House of the Parliament of India and Rajya Sabha is known as the Upper House of the Parliament of India.
A senator’s job is to represent the people at a higher level than a state representative in the lower house.
The majority leader serves as the chief representative of their party in the Senate, and is considered the most powerful member of the Senate.
In the United States, Election Day is the annual day set by law for the general elections of federal public officials. It is statutorily set by the Federal Government as “the Tuesday next after the first Monday in the month of November” equaling the Tuesday occurring within November 2 to November 8.
The Constitution sets three qualifications for service in the U.S. Senate: age (at least thirty years of age); U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.
The U.S. Senate has 100 members. There are two members from each state. Senators represent all people of the state. Senators are elected every six years.
In the 117th Congress, the current party alignments as of November 8, 2021,6 are as follows: House of Representatives: 225 Democrats (including 4 Delegates), 215 Republicans (including 1 Delegate and the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico), and 1 vacant seat.
Districts per state State with the most: California (53), same as in 2000. States with the fewest (only one district “at-large”): Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.
The 150 members of the House of Representatives are elected by general elections every 4 years (or earlier if the government falls). The 75 members of the Senate are elected indirectly. The members of the 12 provincial Parliaments and the councils of the three Caribbean special municipalities elect the senators.
The 17th Amendment to the Constitution requires Senators to be elected by a direct vote of those she or he will represent. Election winners are decided by the plurality rule. That is, the person who receives the highest number of votes wins.
The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to provide advice and consent to ratify treaties. There are, however, two exceptions to this rule: the House must also approve appointments to the Vice Presidency and any treaty that involves foreign trade.
In the United States, divided government describes a situation in which one party controls the executive branch while another party controls one or both houses of the legislative branch. … Opponents, however, argue that divided governments become lethargic, leading to many gridlocks.
The compensation for most Senators, Representatives, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico is $174,000. These levels have remained unchanged since 2009. Subsequent scheduled annual adjustments were denied by P.L. 111-8 (enacted March 11, 2009), P.L.
- California (53)
- Texas (36)
- Florida (27)
- New York (27)
- Illinois (18)
- Pennsylvania (18)
- Ohio (16)
- Georgia (14)
As of the 2010 Census, the largest delegation is that of California, with 53 representatives. Seven states have only one representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.
Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia, the first woman to serve in the United States Senate, was appointed on October 3, 1922, to fill a vacancy. She took the oath of office on November 21, 1922, and then served just 24 hours as a duly-sworn member of the Senate.
There are currently 24 women in the Senate. Find out more about them and their predecessors with the links below.
PopulationPersons under 18 years, percent 22.3%Persons 65 years and over, percent 16.5%Female persons, percent 50.8%Race and Hispanic Origin
Rainey in 1933, at age 72. In the most recent election for speaker, held January 3, 2021, the first day of the 117th Congress, members elected Nancy Pelosi to a fourth (second consecutive) term. She is the first woman to serve as speaker.
Nancy Pelosi is the 52nd Speaker of the House of Representatives, having made history in 2007 when she was elected the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House.
In the United States House of Representatives, the current Majority Leader is Steny Hoyer, who assumed office on January 3rd, 2019.
In conclusion, it is clear that the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha in almost all matters. Even in those matters in which the Constitution has placed both Houses on an equal footing, the Lok Sabha has more influence due to its greater numerical strength.
Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the lower house has 543 members.
To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. To ensure the government is effective and citizens’ rights are protected, each branch has its own powers and responsibilities, including working with the other branches.
The Senate shares full legislative power with the House of Representatives. In addition, the Senate has exclusive authority to approve–or reject–presidential nominations to executive and judicial offices, and to provide–or withhold–its “advice and consent” to treaties negotiated by the executive.
University Education Technically, formal post-secondary education is not a requirement to become a senator. However, it is extremely difficult to get elected without at least a Bachelor’s degree; and most serving senators possess a Master’s.
The Senate takes action on bills, resolutions, amendments, motions, nominations, and treaties by voting. Senators vote in a variety of ways, including roll call votes, voice votes, and unanimous consent.