How many years did the reign of terror last? how many people died in the reign of terror.
In 722 BCE the northern kingdom was destroyed by the Assyrians and the population deported as per Assyrian military policy (resulting in the so-called Lost Ten Tribes of Israel). Judah was destroyed by the Babylonians in 598-582 BCE and the most influential citizens of the region taken to Babylon.
|Kingdom of Judah 𐤉𐤄𐤃𐤄|
|930 BCE–587/586 BCE|
|LMLK seal (700–586 BCE)|
|Map of the region in the 9th century BCE, The Northern Kingdom is in blue, and the Southern Kingdom of Judah is in yellow.|
The Kingdom of Israel (or the Northern Kingdom or Samaria) existed as an independent state until 722 BCE, when it was conquered by the Neo-Assyrian Empire. The Kingdom of Judah (or the Southern Kingdom) existed as an independent state until 586 BCE, when it was conquered by the Neo-Babylonian Empire.
In the year 721 B.C. the Northern Kingdom fell before the vigorous attack of the Assyrian enemy, and its people were taken to a foreign land as captives. Later some escaped and went into the north countries. They are often referred to as the lost ten tribes.
|Battle of Nineveh|
|Date 612 BC Location Nineveh Result Decisive Medo-Babylonian victory Destruction of Assyria’s capital Assyrian Empire severely weakened|
|Assyria||Medes Babylonians Scythians|
|Commanders and leaders|
Among those who accept a tradition (Jeremiah 29:10) that the exile lasted 70 years, some choose the dates 608 to 538, others 586 to about 516 (the year when the rebuilt Temple was dedicated in Jerusalem). The Babylonian Exile (586–538) marks an epochal dividing point in Old Testament history, standing between…
Crucified Jewish rebels Pagan Rome’s occupation of that area lasted for roughly 400 years followed by Christian Rome’s and then Constantinople’s occupation for 300 years.
|First UK edition|
(D-1) Assyria: Masters of War In 721 B.C. Assyria swept out of the north, captured the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and took the ten tribes into captivity.
The Bible relates that the population of Israel was exiled, leaving only the Tribe of Judah, the Tribe of Simeon (that was « absorbed » into Judah), the Tribe of Benjamin, and the people of the Tribe of Levi who lived among them of the original Israelite tribes in the southern Kingdom of Judah.
After the death of Solomon, the country was divided into two independent kingdoms. The southern region came to be called Judah which consisted of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. … Jerusalem, which was once the capital of Judah, is now the capital of Israel.
After the seventy years of exile, they returned to Judah and Jerusalem. They were no longer under a king of davidic lineage, but they maintained their identity as Jews. As time went by, many Jews moved elsewhere, but always retaining their Jrwsh lineage. Thus Judah and Israel are still divided.
Hoshea, also spelled Hosea, or Osee, Assyrian Ausi, in the Old Testament (2 Kings 15:30; 17:1–6), son of Elah and last king of Israel (c. 732–724 bc). He became king through a conspiracy in which his predecessor, Pekah, was killed.
Hosea was the last prophet sent to the northern kingdom of Israel.
|Date||c. 597 BC|
|Result||Babylonian victory Babylon takes and despoils Jerusalem|
As the story is related in the Book of Jonah, the prophet Jonah is called by God to go to Nineveh (a great Assyrian city) and prophesy disaster because of the city’s excessive wickedness.
The Assyrian Empire was originally founded by a Semitic king named Tiglath-Pileser who lived from 1116 to 1078 B.C. The Assyrians were a relatively minor power for their first 200 years as a nation. Around 745 B.C., however, the Assyrians came under the control of a ruler naming himself Tiglath-Pileser III.
At this time the total area of Nineveh comprised about 1,800 acres (700 hectares), and 15 great gates penetrated its walls.
“‘The End of The Desolation of Jerusalem’: From Jeremiah’s 70 Years to Daniel’s 70 Weeks of Years”.
26–35) describes the capture of Babylon by Gobryas, who led a detachment of men to the capital and killed the king of Babylon. In 7.5. 25, Gobryas remarks that “this night the whole city is given over to revelry”, including to some extent the guards.
17th-6th C. BCEBIBLICAL TIMESc.960First Temple, the national and spiritual center of the Jewish people, built in Jerusalem by King Solomon.c. 930Divided kingdom: Judah and Israel722-720Israel crushed by Assyrians; 10 tribes exiled (Ten Lost Tribes).
From 1517 to 1917, what is today Israel, along with much of the Middle East, was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.
The Roman Empire was a primarily polytheistic civilization, which meant that people recognized and worshiped multiple gods and goddesses. Despite the presence of monotheistic religions within the empire, such as Judaism and early Christianity, Romans honored multiple deities.
The fall of Jerusalem In April 70 ce, about the time of Passover, the Roman general Titus besieged Jerusalem. Since that action coincided with Passover, the Romans allowed pilgrims to enter the city but refused to let them leave—thus strategically depleting food and water supplies within Jerusalem.
Both Christian and Jewish Ethiopian tradition has it that these immigrants were mostly of the Tribes of Dan and Judah; hence the Ge’ez motto Mo`a ‘Anbessa Ze’imnegede Yihuda (“The Lion of the Tribe of Judah has conquered”), one of many names for Jesus of Nazareth.
Conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, they were exiled to upper Mesopotamia and Medes, today modern Syria and Iraq. The Ten Tribes of Israel have never been seen since. Or have they? Abraham, center, with grandson Jacob, left.
LocationIsraelCoordinates33.249°N 35.652°ETypeconserved ruinsHistoryFoundedc. 4500 BC
Every year religious Jews in Jerusalem and across the world pray and fast in remembrance of the destruction of the Jewish Temple to God in Jerusalem, first by the Babylonians in 587/586 BCE, resulting in the exile of the inhabitants of the city to Babylon, and yet again in 70 CE at the hands of the Roman legions led by …
The first capital of Northern Kingdom was Shechem (1 Kings 12:25), then Tirza (14:17), and finally Samaria (16:24), which endured until the destruction of the kingdom by the Assyrians (17:5).
In the Hebrew Bible, the captivity in Babylon is presented as a punishment for idolatry and disobedience to Yahweh in a similar way to the presentation of Israelite slavery in Egypt followed by deliverance.
Members of the tribe were separated when two distinct kingdoms were established after the death of King Solomon (922 bc) and the territory of Benjamin was divided between them. … Benjaminites in the southern kingdom of Judah were assimilated by the more powerful tribe of Judah and gradually lost their identity.
Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, 10 of the original 12 Hebrew tribes, which, under the leadership of Joshua, took possession of Canaan, the Promised Land, after the death of Moses. They were named Asher, Dan, Ephraim, Gad, Issachar, Manasseh, Naphtali, Reuben, Simeon, and Zebulun—all sons or grandsons of Jacob.
The Tribe of Benjamin, located to the north of Judah but to the south of the northern Kingdom of Israel, is significant in biblical narratives as a source of various Israelite leaders, including the first Israelite king, Saul, as well as earlier tribal leaders in the period of the Judges.
“Yehuda” is the Hebrew term used for the area in modern Israel since the region was captured and occupied by Israel in 1967.
Biblical scholars believe Bethlehem, located in the “hill country” of Judah, may be the same as the Biblical Ephrath, which means “fertile”, as there is a reference to it in the Book of Micah as Bethlehem Ephratah. The Bible also calls it Beth-Lehem Judah, and the New Testament describes it as the “City of David”.
The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah. According to the biblical account, this kingdom was founded after the death of Saul, when the tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it. After seven years, David became king of a reunited Kingdom of Israel.
David and Jonathan were, according to the Hebrew Bible’s Books of Samuel, heroic figures of the Kingdom of Israel, who formed a covenant, taking a mutual oath.
The tribe of Judah became one of the most important because it was the tribe of the monarchy, or rulership under one royal leader, when the ancient kingdom of Israel was established around the 11th century BCE. Most of its rulers, including David and Solomon, came from this tribe.
In 722 BCE, ten to twenty years after the initial deportations, the ruling city of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, Samaria, was finally taken by Sargon II after a three-year siege started by Shalmaneser V.
The time of judgment had come. God used Nebuchadnezzar—the king of Babylon—to deport the people from Judah to Babylon where they would live in exile for 70 years. Nebuchadnezzar went to Judah when Jehoiakim was king. He put Jehoiakim in chains and took him to Babylon.