However, domestic chimneys first appeared in large dwellings in northern Europe in the 12th century. The earliest extant example of an English chimney is at the keep of Conisbrough Castle in Yorkshire, which dates from 1185 AD. However, they did not become common in houses until the 16th and 17th centuries.
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Why did old houses have chimneys?

Chimneys have been an important part of buildings for centuries – particularly in colder climates where there is a need to retain heat but remove smoke, and prevent downdrafts. In British architecture, they were first found in castles (often these were just a simple chute with plain openings), and then in manor houses.

Why do old houses have chimneys but no fireplace?

Chimneys are most common in houses built before 1900 when older furnaces needed chimneys to remove fumes from the house. As steam, gas, and electric heating became more popular, fireplaces were no longer necessary. They just became another place where heat could escape.

Did old houses have multiple chimneys?

While Colonial houses of the 18th century needed big chimneys to support multiple fireplaces, houses built in the later half of the 19th century only needed ventilation space for stove pipes. That translated into skinnier chimneys. Inside, mantlepieces sometimes remained as a backdrop for the stoves.

Did medieval castles have chimneys?

The History of fireplaces in castles Chimneys were a later addition to castle walls. The chimneys are on the outside walls as they stick out. Domestic fires were located in the middle of the main room or hall. Halls would often have lanterns built into the roof which would let out smoke and sometimes the heat.

Why does my house have 2 chimneys?

A flue is a venting system, each system needs its own so If you heat your home with oil or gas and have a fireplace you would have two flues. Often times they are in one chimney so if you were to look down the chimney it would be separated into two venting system inside one chimney.

How were homes heated in the 1940s?

But the old ways were still the most popular: According to the U.S. Census, 75 percent of homes still used wood or coal as their primary heating fuel in 1940.

Why do people brick up fireplace?

While it’s sad to think about why somebody would brick over a fireplace in the first place, it does make sense. … In some cases, the fireplace flue gets sealed up and the firebox becomes purely decorative. In other cases, the whole thing gets bricked up and plastered over, erasing all trace of it.

Can you remove an unused chimney?

Leaks and structural damage are the most common reasons for wanting to remove a chimney stack, and in such cases, you will have the option of simply covering over the rest of an unused chimney when you extend the roof over the gap left by the stack.

Can you remove a fireplace but not the chimney?

It is possible to remove the fireplace by itself and leave the stack or chimney flue. The most important aspect of this kind of removal is reinforcement. A lot of supports will need to be installed in order to maintain the structural integrity of your house.

What were old chimneys used for?

Brick flues (or, if you prefer, chimneys) were used for furnaces, cooking stoves and water heaters. They were also used for coal-burning heaters that are often still present in the dining rooms of our Victorians, Classic Boxes and Craftsman bungalows.

How were homes heated in the 1800s?

The use of boilers, radiators, and steam or hot water to heat homes became more popular after the Civil War. … In the late 1800s, Dave Lennox manufactured and marketed a steel coal-fired furnace that used low-cost cast iron radiators to efficiently heat a home.

How did Victorians heat their homes?

The most basic type of heating (other than open fires) is the stove. The earliest Victorian stoves were made of cast iron, with a door into which a solid fuel, usually coal, could be fed. A low-level ash pit door enabled ash, stones and other residue to be removed.

Did the Romans have chimneys?

Industrial chimney use dates to the Romans, who drew smoke from their bakeries with tubes embedded in the walls. However, domestic chimneys first appeared in large dwellings in northern Europe in the 12th century. … However, they did not become common in houses until the 16th and 17th centuries.

What year was the chimney invented?

The first chimneys were constructed in castles. The first one we know of is from the 12th century. “If the later Middle Ages had made only slight improvements in lighting over earlier centuries, a major technical advance had come in heating: the fireplace, an invention of deceptive simplicity.

What castle is considered to have had the oldest chimney in England what famous novel was based on that castle and who was its author?

Warwick Castle
Site history
Can a house have no chimney?

Without a chimney, all the hot gases produced would take a toll on your walls and floor tiles and they may not give you enough years of service. This is very evident in the kitchen whose floor tiles do not have a sealant. As you have seen in the article, you do need a chimney in your house.

Can you install a fireplace into an existing chimney?

Yes, you can easily add a gas fireplace insert into your existing chimney. In fact, a fireplace insert is an appliance designed to fit into an existing fireplace. Inserts are usually cut in various sizes to suit your preferences and needs.

Can mice get in through gas fireplace?

Well, like it or not, there is a chance of finding a rodent, whether it be a rat, squirrel or mouse, in your fireplace. … And you might be surprised to learn they can find access points through your chimney or via cracks or holes in your mortar, whether you have a gas or wood-burning fireplace.

When did coal stop being used in homes?

The use of coal for heating was high until the mid-1940s, and then declined sharply. The switch to cleaner fuels was driven by plausibly exogenous changes in the availability of natural gas, the end of war-related supply restrictions, and a series of coal strikes from 1946-1950.

When did homes start using oil?

The modern use of heating oil dates back to the 1840s when crude oil was first distilled to create kerosene for lanterns. Shortly after, M.A. Fessler developed an oil burner.

How were homes heated in the 1960s?

For whatever reason — utility and industry promotions, consumer preference, technological and/or economic restrictions — by the late 1960s, gas heating had a leg up over electric and oil heating. Gas utilities promoted their systems throughout the year, summer and winter.

Why do old homes have fake fireplaces?

The functional purpose was to provide a fire retardent wall behind an open gas log heater. Many of the homes which had those false fireplaces also still had the remnants of the old gas lights.

How old can a fireplace work?

A traditional fireplace heats by radiation — the flame and hot coals send out rays that strike objects or people in the room and speed up their molecules, thereby warming them up. But the principle of convection is also at work in a fireplace, and this is one reason why they can be so inefficient.

Can you Unbrick a fireplace?

If the fireplace has been filled in with bricks, start from the vent and slowly knock out a few at a time with a club hammer and bolster chisel. You may find it easier to remove the plaster from the area first and then chip out the bricks, one by one, once you can see where the mortar joints are.

How much does it cost to remove an old chimney?

Fireplace and chimney removal costs $3,000 to $6,000 for an entire demolition with structural support and home repairs. A partial removal costs $500 to $2,500 for a wood-burning stove, gas fireplace insert, chimney stack, or breast. A large brick or stone chimney can cost $4,000 to $10,000 to remove.

Can you remove a chimney without planning permission?

Generally speaking You normally only need to ask for planning permission for alterations that affect the outside appearance of your home. … Therefore if you are planning to remove the chimney from above roof level, you would be required to seek planning consent in order to do this.

Are chimneys structural?

Removing the chimney breast can provide more floor space and more shared space. However, chimney pots often have structural functions. Therefore, removal must be done with care and preferably with professional advice.

Does a fireplace add value to a home?

Aside from the obvious benefits and drawbacks, wood or gas fireplaces add 50% to 75% of an increase in home value while an electric fireplace adds minimal value. It also seems that someone who is searching for a home prefers one type to another, often based on age value.

Can you knock down a wall with a chimney?

Chimney breast walls, although sometimes there for cosmetics—are often constructed for structural support. If you want to rip out the wall, you’ll need a professional to give it a once-over, so you won’t cause irreparable damage to the rest of your home.

How tall chimneys are built?

The most common of these being the 2 foot, 10 foot, 3-foot rule. Roughly this means that a chimney should be 3 feet higher than the point it passes through a roof, while also being at least 2 feet taller than any part of a building that’s within 10 feet of the chimney.

Why are some chimneys so tall?

A smokestack, stack, or chimney is a tall vertical pipe or channel used by power plants to exhaust combustion gases into the air. … This technique is to build the stack very high, because wind speeds are greater at high elevations, and the dispersion of the gases results in less gas remaining in a given area.

What are the different types of chimneys?

  • Masonry Chimneys.
  • Metal Chimneys.
  • Factory-Built/ Prefabricated Chimneys.
  • Fireplace Insert Chimneys.
  • Freestanding Stove Chimneys.
  • Wood Burning Stove Chimneys.
What were homes like in the 1880s?

By the 1880s most working-class people lived in houses with two rooms downstairs and two or even three bedrooms. Most had a small garden. At the end of the 19th century, some houses for skilled workers were built with the latest luxury – an indoor toilet. … In the late 19th century most homes also had a scullery.

How did people keep warm in the 19th century?

People wore layered clothing made of wool, flannel, or fur. Typical winter outerwear included hooded capes, great coats, scarves, cloaks, shawls, scarves, muffs, gloves, mittens, thick socks, stockings, long wraps, caps, hats, and ear mufs.

When were coal fireplaces used?

A coal fireplace is a very small masonry fireplace, most often found in homes built between 1880 and 1930.

How did Victorians stay warm in bed?

With or without a four-poster bed, the common method of keeping the bed warm enough to sleep in was employing a bed warmer. Similar to the foot warmers, bed warmers were made of metals (copper being a common one) with holes punched strategically over the top.

Why are English houses so cold?

The problem of cold homes comes down to three interrelated parts: household income, the cost of fuel, and the energy-efficiency of the building. … Over a third of the homes in the UK were built before 1945 and three quarters before 1980. This puts the UK at the top the rankings for the oldest building stock in Europe.

Why are old homes cold?

It’s Always Cold Unfortunately, older homes often have insufficient insulation because heating homes used to be inexpensive, the view of comfort has changed, and insulating technology has steadily improved. … Many basements are not insulated, which is fine unless you live in a climate where the ground freezes.

What castle has the oldest chimney in England?

Oldest Chimneys Thornbury castle, located in Thronbury, England is a Tudor style building built in 1511 for the 3rd Duke of Buckingham. The ornate chimneys for the castle were added three years later in 1514.

How were Victorian chimneys built?

The Big Victorian Problem – CEMENT The answer is very simple. They used cement. … The Victorians, seeing what a versatile substance it was, decided to not just build their chimneys out of bricks held together with cement mortar, they also lined their chimneys with a layer of cement mortar called parging.