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The features of language that support meaning (for example, sentence structure, noun group/phrase, vocabulary, punctuation, figurative language, framing, camera angles). Choices in language features and text structures together define a type of text and shape its meaning.
The five main components of language are phonemes, morphemes, lexemes, syntax, and context. Along with grammar, semantics, and pragmatics, these components work together to create meaningful communication among individuals.
An adverb is a part of speech that informs about an action – how, where, when, in which manner, or to what an extent it has been performed. … An adverb can modify complete sentences, subordinate clauses, and prepositional phrases. However, its main purpose is to modify a verb, another adverb, or an adjective.
An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (he sings loudly), an adjective (very tall), another adverb (ended too quickly), or even a whole sentence (Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella). Adverbs often end in -ly, but some (such as fast) look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts.
Another way to describe language is in terms of the four basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. In your teaching, you will need to address each of these skills.
- Techniques. Alliteration / Assonance. …
- Alliteration / Assonance. Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds. …
- Hyperbole. Hyperbole is when a writer exaggerates an idea, person, a thing or an event for dramatic effect. …
- Tone / Mood. …
- Repetition / Rhyme. …
Language forms deal with the internal grammatical structure of words and phrases as well as the word themselves. … While functions address what we do with language, forms are the language structures and vocabulary that are used to support those functions.
Different language features are used in different text types to achieve their purposes. … The use of figurative language where words and phrases are used in a way that is different from the expected or everyday usage such as personification, metaphor or simile.
Rhyme is a literary device, featured particularly in poetry, in which identical or similar concluding syllables in different words are repeated. Rhyme most often occurs at the ends of poetic lines.
- Alliteration. This is one of the easiest go-to devices to use. …
- Personification. Giving inanimate objects and other phenomena human traits.
- Simile. Comparing two unrelated things to creating new understanding and meaning. …
- Foreshadowing. …
- Satire. …
- Symbolism. …
- Onomatopoeia. …
literarily. In a literary manner.
Euphemism refers to figurative language designed to replace phrasing that would otherwise be considered harsh, impolite, or unpleasant. This literary device allows for someone to say what they mean indirectly, without using literal language, as a way of softening the impact of what is being said.
An adverb is a word that can modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Lots of adverbs end “-ly.” For example: She swims quickly. (Here, the adverb “quickly” modifies the verb “swims.”)
- He swims well.
- He ran quickly.
- She spoke softly.
- James coughed loudly to attract her attention.
- He plays the flute beautifully. ( after the direct object)
- He ate the chocolate cake greedily. ( after the direct object)
To start, there are five types of adverbs you should familiarize yourself with: adverbs of degree, frequency, manner, place, and time.
TerminologyDefinitionhyperboleOver-the-top exaggeration for effect.repetitionWords, phrases or ideas that are repeated for effect.rhetorical questionsA question asked for effect with no answer expected.emotive languageWords chosen to bring an emotional response.
Advertising companies use many techniques to persuade consumers. Some techniques are language based, but many are visual. Well chosen adjectives, puns, alliteration, assonance, exaggeration, repetition, rhetorical questions, commands, slogans and catchy phrases.
Language features are the speciﬁc language techniques that an author includes to create meaning. Literary elements are aspects of a text that the reader interprets, for example, themes and characterisation.
explanation. A writer uses listing to add emphasis to a point, show they are knowledgeable or to offer a variety of ideas in the hope that the reader will be familiar with one or several of them.
As a current literary device, dialogue refers to spoken lines by characters in a story that serve many functions such as adding context to a narrative, establishing voice and tone, or setting forth conflict. Writers utilize dialogue as a means to demonstrate communication between two characters.
- This coffee shop is an icebox! ( …
- She’s drowning in a sea of grief. ( …
- She’s happy as a clam. ( …
- I move fast like a cheetah on the Serengeti. ( …
- The sea lashed out in anger at the ships, unwilling to tolerate another battle. ( …
- The sky misses the sun at night. (
Irony is a literary device in which contradictory statements or situations reveal a reality that is different from what appears to be true. There are many forms of irony featured in literature.
An anecdote (pronounced an-ik-doht) is a very short story that is significant to the topic at hand; usually adding personal knowledge or experience to the topic. Basically, anecdotes are stories. Like many stories, anecdotes are most often told through speech; they are spoken rather than written down.
Foreshadowing is a literary device used to give an indication or hint of what is to come later in the story. … In the definition of foreshadowing, the word “hint” is key. Foreshadowing does not necessarily mean explicitly revealing what will happen later in your story.
definition. Simile is comparing one thing to another, usually using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ or ‘as if’.
But as a linking word We use but to link items which are the same grammatical type (coordinating conjunction). But is used to connect ideas that contrast.
Poetic language (also called poetic devices) are the tools of of sound or meaning that a poet can use to make the poem more surprising, vivid, complex, or interesting. Examples of these tools include alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, metaphors and similes, and allusion.
Repetition is a literary device that involves using the same word or phrase over and over again in a piece of writing or speech. Writers of all kinds use repetition, but it is particularly popular in oration and spoken word, where a listener’s attention might be more limited.
Figurative language creates comparisons by linking the senses and the concrete to abstract ideas. Words or phrases are used in a non-literal way for particular effect, for example simile, metaphor, personification.
The adverb literally was formed in English by adding the adverbial suffix -ly to literal, an adjective borrowed from Late Latin litterālis “of or relating to letters or literature.” (When we say “the letter of the law,” we are referring to its literal, or most obvious, meaning that follows the actual wording of the law …
literary. / (ˈlɪtərərɪ, ˈlɪtrərɪ) / adjective. of, relating to, concerned with, or characteristic of literature or scholarly writinga literary discussion; a literary style.
- Relating to literature.
- Relating to writers, or the profession of literature.
- Knowledgeable of literature or writing.
- Appropriate to literature rather than everyday writing.
A euphemism is a figure of speech, which means “an expression in which the words are not used in their literal sense.” Therefore, euphemisms are classified as figurative language, which is the “use of words in an unusual or imaginative manner.”
oxymoron, a word or group of words that is self-contradicting, as in bittersweet or plastic glass. Oxymorons are similar to such other devices as paradox and antithesis and are often used in poetry and other literature.
Euphemisms are fallacious because they are intentionally used to conceal the truth and obscure any real meaning; they are soft language used to mask or downplay warranted emotional force. Being ambiguous or vague in meaning brands euphemisms as a type of weasel word.
- He is often wandering the streets.
- She never tells a lie.
- He is generally late.
- Actually, it was how my friends celebrated my birthday.
- It is very fine today.
- He is bold enough to face the enemy.
- The baby was gazing adoringly at chocolate cake.
In English, adverbs of manner are often created from adjectives by adding the suffix “ly” to the end; for example, “soft” becomes “softly” and “gradual” becomes “gradually.” The placement of “ly” on the end of a word can be a good clue that the word is an adverb.
Remember, if you’re uncertain whether a group of words is an adverb clause, check for a subject and a verb. If it has both of these parts of a sentence, and answers the question of how, why, when or where, it’s an adverb clause.