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PEX is the most flexible plumbing pipe available. It can be bent around most corners without a coupling or fitting. For example, 3/8” pipe may be bent to a 4” radius and 1/2” pipe to a 5” radius. Most plumbing leaks and system failures occur at joints in fittings.
PEX piping (shorthand for cross-linked polyethylene) costs less than half the price of copper and installs much faster. And since it’s flexible, PEX makes remodeling jobs easier.
PEX-A is the most flexible of all PEX tubing types, has little or no coil memory and gives installer an ability to repair kinks with a heat gun. It has been in use for over 50 years (which is longer than other types) with few publicly known issues (3), which is a good indicator of reliability.
Potential chemical leaching is another downside of PEX piping. Due to its chemical composition, the PEX pipe material may leach toxic chemicals including bisphenol (BPA), MTBE, tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA), and others.
Some supports have nails that allow you to secure the support to the surface below. Bend supports generally bring the PEX to its tightest allowable 90-degree turn without folding or crimping. Turn radii differ according to PEX pipe diameter. For 1/2-inch PEX pipe, the tightest radius is usually 5 inches.
With a plumbing-pipe offering in sizes up to 3 inches, PEX is challenging traditional copper and CPVC materials for domestic water applications. … This provides confirmation the pipe does not leach harmful substances into drinking water and is safe for potable systems in healthcare facilities.
White PEX pipe can be used for either hot or cold water. Gray PEX pipe, like white, can be used for either hot or cold water (although not all DIY centers carry gray).
- PEX may leach BPA and other toxic chemicals. …
- PEX is extremely sensitive to UV light. …
- PEX can be damaged by chemicals and pests. …
- PEX can’t be installed in high heat areas. …
- PEX is semi-permeable, which means liquid can enter the pipe.
Again, the main distinction lies in the manufacturing method, which is what assigns an A, B or C to PEX. PEX A is made using the Peroxide, or Engel, method. PEX B is formed using Silane, or Moisture Cure, method. This is the most common PEX pipe type out there.
Flexibility – PEX-A is the most flexible, allowing for it to be fastened by cold expansion, which allows the end to be fluted prior to inserting the fitting. PEX B is not expandable and you should never expand the end of a PEX-B pipe. Kink-Resistance – PEX-A has the greatest resistance, PEX-B the lowest.
Additionally, long-term testing programs on PEX have shown that it has a potential lifespan of more than 100 years. So, while copper systems may have to be re-piped every few years or decades due to corrosion and pinhole leaks, a PEX system can last 10 times longer — or more.
Copper pipes with lead-free joint materials are the best choice for water pipes. They are long-lasting and won’t leach chemicals into your drinking water. However, copper pipes are generally more expensive, and copper’s intensive extraction and manufacturing process presents some environmental trade-offs.
PEX pipe is not only cheaper than copper but more durable too. PEX is immune to corrosion and mineral build-up, and it’s not affected by electrolysis, which can cause small pinhole leaks in copper piping. Copper pipes can last anywhere from six months to the life of a building.
PEX without an oxygen barrier is designed primarily for use in potable water plumbing systems. … The color of PEX does not change any of the tubing’s ratings. There would be no problem, for example, using blue PEX for hot water lines or red PEX for cold water lines.
Use PEX bend supports instead of elbows. While these, unlike elbow fittings, cannot provide a sharp turn, they are suitable for most frame homes and will provide a certain degree of protection for the pipe from rigid/abrasive stud edges.
Due to its flexibility (polymers), PEX has a small margin of expansion under the damaging pressure caused by ice formation. If the weather gets cold enough, PEX pipes can and will freeze – – like any plumbing. However, PEX may be less likely to rupture as a result of freezing.
At a rate of 8 feet per second, the CPVC fitting will cause less than 1% restriction in flow while PEX fittings create a 23% to 54% reduction in flow, depending on the fitting used.
Since PEX will expand and contract 1-2.5″ per 100ft of length with every 10°F changes in water temperature, it should not be pulled tight during the installation. In case of 60F temperature rise, 100ft may elongate as much as 15″.
Use threaded PEX water line fittings for shower valves. … A plastic bracket forms the sharpest 90-degree angle permitted for this brand of PEX.
Hot and cold PEX water lines run through the same hole in a stud wall. … This is not a typical installation; both pipes should have their own holes to pass through the framing.
Mice and rats will chew through anything they can, including plastic, so PEX tubing is at just as much risk as the plastic-coated wiring in a car or an HVAC unit. While all rodent damage can be expensive, if rodents chew through a home’s PEX water pipes, the result can be disastrous.
The installer recommends replacing my copper pipes with PEX. … If so, you could get another 23 years out of your copper pipes and spare the cost to replace plumbing. If it’s a small area that’s leaking, you could just replace that section with either PEX or copper. Both types are interchangeable.
PEX pipe will expand if frozen and contract to its original shape when thawed. But putting frequent stress on the system weakens it, increasing chances of failure and leaks. So, to preserve the strength of your pipes, you should use the same standard insulation precautions with PEX to keep it from freezing.
There are no performance differences between red, white, blue and white PEX and all are intended for use in potable water systems. The colors can be used to easily distinguish between hot and cold distribution lines.
they said, generally, pex pipe company allow 30-60 days uv exposure.
The inner pipe for drinking water is made of a plastic called cross-linked polyethylene (PEX). … There are no health risks associated with drinking water from PEX pipes. A few types of PEX-pipe may cause prolonged undesirable taste and odour if the water remains in pipes over time.
- While PEX has numerous benefits, it should not be used outdoors. …
- PEX can’t be recycled.
- PEX can’t be directly connected to a water heater, requiring an 18-inch copper or PVC line directly connected to the water heater.
The material is more durable under temperature extremes, chemical attack, and better resists expansion and contraction deformation, making PEX an excellent material for hot water and other applications.
Most PEX pipes are reliable pipes. However, one brand in particular has routinely failed – Dura PEX piping, manufactured by CPI (bought out by NIBCO). Dura Pex (by CPI) is prone to cracking and probably has already caused you a lot of headaches (and bills for pipe fixes).
No. You should not use any type of adhesive material on PEX pipe as over time the adhesive material can interact with the PEX and leech into your water. You can use a heating strip wrapped around the pipe so long as it has no adhesive material.
PEX-A, which has the most flexible tubing and best freeze- and kink resistance, is ideal for use with kitchen and bath fixtures. PEX-B is slightly less flexible and less freeze-resistant.
When a connection to copper or other metal pipes is required, PEX works better than PVC because crosslinked polyethylene won’t corrode. … When you compare the material costs of PEX vs PVC, PEX comes out more expensive. (However, balance this factor against the lower labor cost to install PEX.)
Crimp fittings require copper or stainless steel crimp rings and a PEX crimp or clamp tool. … Crimp fittings are compatible with all types of PEX tubing, except for PEX-AL-PEX. Crimp fittings are preferred for many applications since they are widely available and are the most affordable.
Apollo offers PEX-A (Expansion PEX) and PEX-B tubing. PEX-A tubing (Expansion PEX) is produced using the Peroxide or Engel method. … PEX-B tubing is produced using the Silane or moisture-cured method.
Many customers and DIY plumbers have asked us about SharkBite fittings. So, do they work? SharkBite does make a coupling that connects PEX-A to PEX-B. However, we don’t recommend using them.
If you are using PEX, you can run it through your attic. PEX will NOT burst unless you live in a place that gets like 50 below. And it does not freeze as readily as metal pipe.
CPVC pipe can withstand higher temperatures than PVC or PEX pipe (up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit vs. … It’s ideal for residential water distribution because it offers better joint strength than PVC and copper and better corrosion resistance versus metal pipes. CPVC also virtually eliminates water hammer noise.
PEX does leach small amounts of VOCs. Different brands cause different odors and leach different chemicals. The studies have not identified the brands by name. But they found variations even within each brand.
To date, more than 150 contaminants have been found in water that flowed through PEX pipes in these and other studies. Since each of the more than 70 brands of PEX pipes can leach different chemicals, and there are no enforceable federal regulations, it’s difficult for consumers to weigh the health risks.
BPA is a chemical compound found in many plastics that we are more and more understanding has the potential to leak into water. There is a worry that perhaps PEX being some sort of plastic has the same problem. Here is the thing: PEX is free of BPA.