The McClure’s magazine journalist was an investigative reporting pioneer; Tarbell exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company, leading to a U.S.
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Who exposed the unfair practices of Standard oil?

Muckraking journalism emerged at the end of the 19th century largely in response to the excesses of the Gilded Age, and Ida Tarbell was one of the most famous of the muckrakers.

Who wrote the history of Standard oil and what did it expose?

Instantly popular with readers, “The History of the Standard Oil Company” grew to be a 19-part series, published between November 1902 and October 1904. Tarbell wrote a detailed exposé of Rockefeller’s unethical tactics, sympathetically portraying the plight of Pennsylvania’s independent oil workers.

Who did Tarbell interview to expose Standard Oil?

Ironically, Tarbell began her research by interviewing one of her father’s former fellow independents back in Pennsylvania—Henry H. Rogers. After the Cleveland Massacre, Rogers spent 25 years working alongside Rockefeller, building Standard Oil into one of the first and largest multinational corporations in the world.

Which journalist exposed the corruption within city government?

Lincoln Steffens (1866–1936) The Shame of the Cities (1904) – uncovered the corruption of several political machines in major cities.

Was Standard Oil corrupt?

By the year 1904, Standard Oil had monopolized the entire oil production and distribution industry in the United States. This monopolization was the direct cause of John D. Rockefeller, the founder of the company, becoming the richest man in modern history and the richest American of all time.

What problem is being described in the History of the Standard Oil Company?

The History of the Standard Oil Company, originally a serial that ran in McClure’s, is one of the most thorough accounts of the rise of a business monopoly and its use of unfair practices; her reporting contributed to the subsequent breakup of Standard Oil, which was found to be in violation of the Sherman Antitrust

Was Standard Oil bad?

Both the trial judge and a unanimous federal appeals court agreed that Standard Oil was a monopoly violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. They also supported the government’s recommendation that the trust should be dissolved into independent competing companies. Standard Oil then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

What unfair practices did Ida Tarbell expose?

She was the only woman in her graduating class at Allegheny College in 1880. The McClure’s magazine journalist was an investigative reporting pioneer; Tarbell exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company, leading to a U.S. Supreme Court decision to break its monopoly.

Why did Ida Tarbell want to expose the Standard Oil Company?

Ida M. Tarbell, pictured here in 1904, made it the focus of her journalistic career to expose Standard Oil and Rockefeller’s brutal business practices. Tarbell later claimed she was opposed to Standard Oil not simply because it was dominant but because of what she perceived to be unfair business practices.

Who first applied the term muckraker to journalism?

Muckraker is the word used to describe any Progressive Era journalist who investigated and publicized social and economic injustices. Theodore Roosevelt applied the term in his important speech in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1906, entitled “The Man With the Muck-Rake.”

How was muckraking related to yellow journalism?

The investigative techniques of the muckrakers included poring over documents, conducting countless interviews, and going undercover. This differed from yellow journalism, where some leading newspapers sensationalized stories using imagination rather than facts.

What was a muckraker and what did they do?

A muckraker was any of a group of American writers identified with pre-World War I reform and exposé writing. The muckrakers provided detailed, accurate journalistic accounts of the political and economic corruption and social hardships caused by the power of big business in a rapidly industrializing United States.

What did muckrakers investigate and report upon?

a. The muckrakers were journalists who investigated and exposed the corruption in politics, business, and society.

Why was Standard Oil corrupt?

Standard Oil broke up in 1911 as a result of a lawsuit brought against it by the U.S. government in 1906 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890.

Who owns Standard Oil now?

Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., or “Stanvac”, operated in 50 countries, from East Africa to New Zealand, before it was dissolved in 1962. The original Standard Oil Company corporate entity continues in existence and was the operating entity for Sohio; it is now a subsidiary of BP.

What companies was Standard Oil broken into?

In 1911, following the Supreme Court ruling, Standard Oil was broken into seven successor companies; Standard Oil of New Jersey, Standard Oil of New York, Standard Oil of California, Standard Oil of Indiana, Standard Oil of Kentucky, The Standard Oil Company (Ohio), and The Ohio Oil Company.

What was the consequence of the formation of the Standard Oil Trust?

What was a immediate consequence of the formation of the Standard Oil Trust? Competition in the oil industry almost disappeared and profits soared.

What did The History of the Standard Oil Company exposed?

Her best-known work, The History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), exposed the questionable business practices of John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust, which had been formed when Rockefeller combined all his corporations in an attempt to reduce competition and control prices in the oil industry.

Does Rockefeller still own Exxon?

Heirs to the oil fortune created by John D. The Rockefeller Family Fund, a charity that supports causes related to the environment, economic justice and other issues, is liquidating its investments in fossil fuel companies, including Exxon Mobil (XOM). …

Was Standard Oil bad for consumers?

The popular explanation of this case is that Standard Oil monopolized the oil industry, destroyed rivals through the use of predatory price-cutting, raised prices to consumers and was punished by the Supreme Court for these proven transgressions. Nice story but totally false.

What was John D Rockefeller worth?

John D. RockefellerParent(s)William Avery Rockefeller Eliza DavisonRelativesRockefeller family

Were Rockefeller's business practices justified?

Rockefeller justified his business practices in Darwinian terms: “The growth of a large business is merely the survival of the fittest

How did Ida Tarbell become a journalist?

In 1891 she took her savings and went to Paris, where she enrolled in the Sorbonne and supported herself by writing articles for American magazines. S.S. McClure, founder of McClure’s Magazine, hired her in 1894.

What did Ida Tarbell write about Standard Oil Company?

The History of the Standard Oil Company is a 1904 book by journalist Ida Tarbell. It is an exposé about the Standard Oil Company, run at the time by oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, the richest figure in American history.

How much was the Standard Oil Company Worth?

Standard Oil, before its famous breakup due to monopolistic reasons, was worth at least $1 trillion. Adjusted for inflation it would likely be more, but we kept this conservative. Microsoft reached its peak valuation in 1999, at the top of the Dotcom Bubble.

How did Ida Tarbell expose unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company?

Tarbell brought the company’s shady dealings to light, and the federal government sued Standard Oil. The Supreme Court ordered Standard Oil’s breakup in 1911, but only after more narrowly defining illegal monopoly. Congress strengthened antitrust laws with the Federal Trade Commission Act and Clayton Antitrust Act.

How did Rockefeller go about establishing Standard Oil Company?

Born into modest circumstances in upstate New York, he entered the then-fledgling oil business in 1863 by investing in a Cleveland, Ohio refinery. In 1870, he established Standard Oil, which by the early 1880s controlled some 90 percent of U.S. refineries and pipelines.

What effect did Ida Tarbell's work have on society?

Through her achievements, she not only helped to expand the role of the newspaper in modern society and stimulate the Progressive reform movement, but she also became a role model for women wishing to become professional journalists.

How did Ida Tarbell help end the Standard Oil monopoly?

How did Ida Tarbell help end the Standard Oil monopoly? She wrote a series of articles exposing the corruption of Standard Oil.

Was Upton Sinclair a muckraker?

Sinclair thought of himself as a novelist, not as a muckraker who investigated and wrote about economic and social injustices. But The Jungle took on a life of its own as one of the great muckraking works of the Progressive Era. Sinclair became an “accidental muckraker.”

Why did Roosevelt give the name muckrakers to journalists?

These magazines spent a lot of money on researching and digging up “muck,” hence the name muckrakers. This name was given to them by Pres. Roosevelt- 1906. These investigative journalists were trying to make the public aware of problems that needed fixing.

Was Jacob Riis a muckraker?

Barre, Massachusetts, U.S. Jacob August Riis (/riːs/; May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) was a Danish-American social reformer, “muckraking” journalist and social documentary photographer. He contributed significantly to the cause of urban reform in America at the turn of the twentieth century.

What ended yellow journalism?

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. The era of yellow journalism may be said to have ended shortly after the turn of the 20th century, with the World’s gradual retirement from the competition in sensationalism.

Why might some journalists and authors of the late 19th century have been called muckrakers?

the term originates from members of the Progressive movement in America who wanted to expose the corruption and scandals in government and business. muckrakers often wrote about impoverished people and took aim at the established institutions of society.

What was the main goal of most muckraking journalists?

Muckrakers were journalists and novelists of the Progressive Era who sought to expose corruption in big business and government.

Who exposed the effects of capitalism on workers in the Chicago meatpacking industry?

Upton Sinclair intended to expose “the inferno of exploitation [of the typical American factory worker at the turn of the 20th Century]”, but the reading public fixed on food safety as the novel’s most pressing issue.

What corruption did Ida Tarbell expose in her series entitled History of the Standard Oil Company?

One result largely attributable to Tarbell’s work was a Supreme Court decision in 1911 that found Standard Oil in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The Court found that Standard was an illegal monopoly and ordered it broken into 34 separate companies.

What measures did the Roosevelt administration take to regulate business and protect consumers?

The Square Deal was based on three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. The Square Deal sought to protect both business and labor, and to ease the radical voice in both and reach a compromise.

How did Theodore Roosevelt Change the presidency?

His presidency endowed the progressive movement with credibility, lending the prestige of the White House to welfare legislation, government regulation, and the conservation movement.