- First Philippine Republic (January 23, 1899 – March 23, 1901) …
- Second Philippine Republic (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945)
- Third Philippine Republic (July 4, 1946 – September 21, 1972)
- Fourth Philippine Republic (June 30, 1981 – February 25, 1986)
The Philippines has had a total of six constitutions since the Proclamation of Independence on June 12, 1898.
She would be followed by Presidents Fidel V. Ramos, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and Benigno S. Aquino III as the second, third, fourth, and fifth President of the Fifth Republic and 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th President of the Philippines, respectively.
|Republic of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino)|
|• 1965–1986||Ferdinand Marcos|
|• 1986||Corazon Aquino|
The Third Republic also marked the recognition by the global community of nations, of the nationhood of the Philippines—a process that began when the Commonwealth of the Philippines joined the Anti-Axis Alliance known as the United Nations on June 14, 1942, receiving recognition as an Allied nation even before …
The Philippines is a unitary presidential constitutional republic, with the President of the Philippines acting as both the head of state and the head of government. It proclaimed its independence from the Spanish Empire on June 12, 1898, following the culmination of the Philippine Revolution.
Presidents of the Third Republic included Adolphe Thiers (1871–73), Patrice de Mac-Mahon (1873–79), Jules Grévy (1879–87), Sadi Carnot (1887–94), Félix Faure (1895–99), Émile Loubet (1899–1906), Armand Fallières (1906–13), Raymond Poincaré (1913–20), Alexandre Millerand (1920–24), Gaston Doumergue (1924–31), and Albert …
|3||Jose P. Laurel (1891–1959)||Second Republic|
|4||Sergio Osmeña (1878–1961)||Commonwealth|
|5||Manuel Roxas (1892–1948)|
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
Emilio Aguinaldo is officially recognized as the first president of the Philippines, but this is based on his term of office during the Malolos Republic, later known as the First Philippine Republic.
Maria Corazon “Cory” Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (Tagalog: [koɾaˈson koˈhwaŋko aˈkino], 25 January 1933 – 1 August 2009) was a Filipina politician who served as the 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.
INTRODUCTION. The 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution gathered millions of Filipinos from all walks of life to march along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), the main artery of Metro Manila, to end the dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and begin a new era marked by true freedom and democracy.
The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system that split powers between a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government.
The Philippines is a republic with a presidential form of government wherein power is equally divided among its three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The government seeks to act in the best interests of its citizens through this system of check and balance.
The Third Republic was proclaimed in France on 4 September 1870 after the defeat at Sedan, but it struggled to win universal acceptance. The times were hardly favourable to it, as the country had been invaded by Germany and was being buffeted by social and political unrest.
To those in government, the lifting of military rule heralded a change. To their perceptions, the Philippines became a new nation and this; Former President Marcos called “The New Republic of the Philippines.” A historian called this the Third Republic.
Manuel Acuña Roxas (Tagalog: [maˈnwel aˈkuɲa ˈɾohas]; born Manuel Roxas y Acuña; January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the fifth President of the Philippines who served from 1946 until his death in 1948.
Sergio Osmeña Sr. CCLH (Spanish: [ˈseɾxjo ozˈmeɲa]; 9 September 1878 – 19 October 1961) was a Filipino politician who served as the fourth president of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946. He was Vice President under Manuel L. Quezon.
Overview. The Early Republic, c. 1780-1830, was a period of transition. The new independent nation expounded the Founding Father’s ideals of equality and expanded its borders beyond what was imaginable before 1776.
On July 4, 1946, pursuant to the provisions of the Tydings-McDuffie Law or the Philippine Independence Act, the Commonwealth of the Philippines became the Republic of the Philippines—the Third Republic.
Quezon on the 5 Philippine Republics | Inquirer Opinion.
13. Carlos P. Garcia • Fourth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines • Term: March 18, 1957- December 30, 1961 • Famous for his austerity program and policy.
The trigger for the collapse of the Fourth Republic was the Algiers crisis of 1958. France was still a colonial power, although conflict and revolt had begun the process of decolonization.
No.Name (Birth–Death)Term of officeTook officePresidents of the Republic of Ghana (Fourth Republic: since 1993)1Jerry Rawlings (1947–2020)7 January 19932John Kufuor (born 1938)7 January 2001
The Presidency of Corazon Aquino began following the triumph of the peaceful People Power Revolution when Corazon Aquino became President of the Philippines, and spanned a six-year period from February 25, 1986, to June 30, 1992.
First official flag of the Philippine republic and used during the Philippine Revolution. The flag was created in Naic, Cavite and first displayed in 1897. It features an eight-rayed white sun with a mythical face on a field of red. The flag design was conceived by President Emilio Aguinaldo.
Ophir (/ˈoʊfər/; Hebrew: אוֹפִיר, Modern: ʼŌfīr, Tiberian: ʼŌp̄īr) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon received a cargo from Ophir every three years (1 Kings 10:22) which consisted of gold, silver, sandalwood, pearls, ivory, apes, and peacocks.
During the expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos to the region, the Spanish sailor Bernardo de la Torre bestowed the name Las Islas Filipinas on the islands of Leyte and Samar, in honor of the then Prince of Asturias.
HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINE FLAG – 3 women sewed the flag at 535 Morrison Hill Road in Hongkong. They were Marcela Agoncillo, daughter Lorenza and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, a niece of Dr. Jose Rizal.
His Excellency Benigno S. Aquino III KGCRAquino in 201515th President of the PhilippinesIn office June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2016Vice PresidentJejomar Binay
Miguel MalvarBornMiguel Malvar y CarpioSeptember 27, 1865 Santo Tomas, Batangas, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Spanish EmpireDiedOctober 13, 1911 (aged 46) Manila, Philippine IslandsResting placeSanto Tomas, BatangasSpouse(s)Paula Maloles
Vice-President Elpidio Quirino was inaugurated as the 6th President of the Philippines on April 17, 1948 at the Council of State Room, Executive Building, Malacañan Palace.
Aquino died at the Makati Medical Center, at the age of 76 on August 1, 2009, at 03:18 PHT due to cardiorespiratory arrest after complications of colorectal cancer. Her son, Senator Benigno Aquino III, announced her death to the media at 05:00.
Approved by the 1986 Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986, the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was presented to President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1986. It was ratified on February 2, 1987 by a plebiscite. It was proclaimed in force on February 11, 1987.
In total, there were 3,257 extrajudicial killings, 35,000 individual tortures, and 70,000 were incarcerated. Of the 3,257 killed, some 2,520, or 77 percent of all victims, were salvaged—that is, tortured, mutilated, and dumped on a roadside for public display.
In the 1950s, the avenue was renamed Highway 54, because of the common misconception on that time that the avenue is 54 km long. Rizalists wanted the avenue’s name to remain 19 de Junio, while President Ramon Magsaysay wanted the avenue named after Rizal.
It was formally established with Emilio Aguinaldo as president by proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, succeeding the previous Revolutionary Government of the Philippines.
France, officially French Republic, French France or République Française, country of northwestern Europe.