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German has three words — der, die and das — for the definite article the. … Just as English has two indefinite articles — a and an — that you use with singular nouns, German also has two indefinite articles (in the nominative case): ein for masculine- and neuter-gender words and eine for feminine-gender words.
|definite article||indefinite article|
In English there are three articles: a, an, and the. … The definite article (the) is used before a noun to indicate that the identity of the noun is known to the reader. The indefinite article (a, an) is used before a noun that is general or when its identity is not known.
In German we have three main articles (gender of nouns): der (masculine), die (feminine) and. das (neuter)
dieser Kinder Just like the definite articles, these der-words precede nouns and indicate the case of the accompanying noun.
|Genitive||des + s/es||des + s/es|
We use the definite article ‘the’ to talk about something specific. Indefinite: “I’m going to eat an apple.” This could be any apple, we don’t know which one. Definite: “I’m going to eat the apple.” We do know which apple I’m going to eat.
- To talk about a particular person or thing.
- Before a singular noun meant to represent the whole class.
- Before the names of certain books.
- Before superlative adjectives.
- Before ordinal numbers.
- Before musical instruments.
- As an adverb with comparatives.
Explanation: A, an and the are adjectives. They are called demonstrative adjectives. A and an are indefinite articles and the is called a definite article.
Ultimately it derives from the concept that animate and inanimate are different, and that male and female are different. This natural gender was then enshrined in grammatical gender, and all nouns were required to fall into one of the categories.
der Tisch (Eßtisch) the table. – a piece of furniture with tableware for a meal laid out on it 1. table [the ~] noun.
The genitive case in German will mostly be used to show possession, but can also be replaced by von+dative. Feminine nouns have no ending in the genitive case, while masculine and neutral nouns mostly take the ending -s or -es, sometimes also -(e)n. The adjective ending for the genitive will almost always be -en.
- Add an s (no apostrophe!)
- Use the structure modified noun + determiner (and/or +adjectives) + modifying noun.
The definite article is the word “the.” It is used before a noun to define it as something specific (e.g., something previously mentioned or known, something unique, or something being identified by the speaker). I’m the pirate.
Most world languages have nouns that are either masculine or feminine. German goes them one better and adds a third gender: neuter. The masculine definite article (“the”) is der, the feminine is die, and the neuter form is das.
The main and most important reason is that Mädchen ends in ‘chen’ and nouns which are diminutives and end in ‘chen’ are always neuter. … Even young unmarried women were unimportant, hence they were addressed as ‘Fräulein’ (Words ending in the diminutive ‘lein’ are also always neuter).
- Words ending in -heit, -keit, -ung, or -schaft are always feminine.
- Words ending in -ling or -ismus are always masculine.
- Diminutive nouns ending in -chen or -lein are always neuter.
How to perfect all 16 ways to say ‘the’ in German.
tldr; definite articles in German Try to remember some (or all) of the noun endings that indicate gender, this will help you recognize the gender of almost half the nouns in the German language! Have a look at the different categories of words that are always the same gender.
The four cases in German grammar are nominative (subject), accusative (direct object), dative (indirect object) and genitive (possessive). Because the word order of sentences is not fixed in German grammar, we need the cases to tell us what role a noun or pronoun is playing in a sentence.
Akkusativ = Direct Object D.O. Dativ = Indirect Object I.O.
The dative case is the indirect object. The genitive case shows belonging. Specific prepositions and verbs can also determine the case.
The genitive case is used to show possession. You use the genitive to show who something belongs to. In English we would use an apostrophe to indicate what belongs to someone or something, eg the school’s headteacher. … The ‘of the’ (ie the possession) is expressed in German using the genitive case.
Ein is used for masculine and neuter nouns. “One man” is masculine so it would be ein Mann, while “one house” is neuter so it would be ein Haus. Eine is used for feminine nouns. … If the noun is in the accusative case it’s einen (masculine), eine (feminine) and ein (neuter).
1 The basic rules In English, the indefinite article is a, which changes to an when it comes before a vowel or a vowel sound, for example, an apple. In the plural, we use some or any. In Spanish, you have to choose between four indefinite articles: un, una, unos and unas.
- Anybody – Everybody – Somebody – Nobody.
- Each one – Anyone – Everyone – No one –Someone.
- Anything – Everything – Something – Nothing.
- Each – Either – Neither.
Answer: Singular, countable noun – Used before a singular noun, something that can be counted, the definite article specifies which one is being referred to. For example, “The thief has run away.” … Particular noun – No definite article is used with a particular noun, such as “Mr.
Definite articles The definite articles are le (masculine singular), la (feminine singular), and les (masculine and feminine plural). The singular forms contract to l’ when preceding a vowel or an unaspirated “h” (watch for certain set exceptions: le does not contract before the numeral onze, for example.)
The major function of a definite article is to emphasize the noun it is placed before. It specifies a noun that could be an object, a person, a place, or a thing. It comes before a noun or a noun phrase, and also before a superlative adjective, to point out the noun.
The is called the definite article because it is used to refer to a particular person or thing. A is used with words beginning with a consonant sounds.
a/an, the. The determiners a/an and the are called “articles”. They are the most common of all determiners.
There are three indefinite articles in English – two for the singular form (a, an) and one for the plural form (some). We use an indefinite article in English when: We refer to something for the first time. We refer to a general thing, and not something specific.
All German nouns are included in one of three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. However, the gender is not relevant to the plural forms of nouns. In German, it is useful to memorize nouns with their accompanying definite article in order to remember their gender.