Aristotle. Moral virtues are exemplified by courage, temperance, and liberality; the key intellectual virtues are wisdom, which governs ethical behaviour, and understanding, which is expressed in scientific endeavour and contemplation.
What are the morals of Hinduism? 5 basic moral virtues of hinduism.


What are the four fundamental moral virtues according to Aristotle?

In order for one to be virtuous they must display prudence, temperance, courage, and justice; moreover, they have to display all four of them and not just one or two to be virtuous.

What are the basic moral virtues?

Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues. … Moreover, a person who has developed virtues will be naturally disposed to act in ways that are consistent with moral principles. The virtuous person is the ethical person.

Which are moral values?

What are Moral Values? Moral values are standards that help an individual choose between right and wrong or good and bad. This understanding is necessary to make honest, credible, and fair decisions and relations in daily life.

What is moral virtue?

: a virtue concerned with the practical life (as liberality or gentleness) or with the vegetative and appetitive (as temperance or self-control) —contrasted with intellectual virtue.

How many virtues are there Aristotle?

Aristotle identifies approximately eighteen virtues that enable a person to perform their human function well. He distinguished virtues pertaining to emotion and desire from those relating to the mind.

What are Aristotle's virtues in Nicomachean Ethics?

According to Aristotle, the moral virtues, such as justice, prudence, fortitude, and temperance, can be acquired through practice and habitual action (Geirsson & Holmgren, 2000).

What are the 10 moral values?

  • Respect. Many parents make the mistake of teaching their children only about respect for elders, but that is wrong. …
  • Family. Family is an integral part of kids’ lives. …
  • Adjusting and Compromising. …
  • Helping Mentality. …
  • Respecting Religion. …
  • Justice. …
  • Honesty. …
  • Never Hurt Anyone.
What are the 5 moral values?

Frequently listed moral values include: acceptance; charity; compassion; cooperation; courage; dependability; due regard to the feelings, rights, traditions and wishes of others; empathy; equality; fairness; fidelity; forgiveness; generosity; giving pleasure; good sportsmanship; gratitude; hard work; humility; …

What are the 4 moral values?

The Four Values Framework: Fairness, Respect, Care and Honesty.

What is virtue according to Aristotle quizlet?

Aristotle concludes that a virtue is ‘a state of character concerned with choice, lying in the mean (the mean relative to us), this being determined by a rational principle and by that principle by which the person practical wisdom would determine it’.

How does Aristotle distinguish between moral and intellectual virtues?

Intellectual virtues are about learning to be the best you can be by understanding the world and achieving goals. Moral Virtues are about doing the greater good and being a better person by learning from mistakes and doing what feels right naturally.

What do moral relativists believe about morality?

Moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others.

What does moral understanding require according to virtue ethics?

Eudaimonia. What does moral understanding require, according to virtue ethics? Emotional maturity. … Duty is defined as what a virtuous person would do.

What is the best virtue?

  • Love – love in overs and yourself.
  • Joy – finding joy in the world and in God.
  • Peace – calmness in yourself and God.
  • Forbearance – patience and perseverance.
  • Kindness – having moral integrity.
  • Goodness – be generous to others.
How do you use Aristotle's virtue ethics?

Aristotle’s criteria for the virtuous person is as follows: You must have knowledge, consciously choose the acts and choose them for their own sake, and the choice must come from a firm character, in accordance to who you are. You must consistently choose to do good acts deliberately for the right reasons.

What is Aristotle philosophy?

In his metaphysics, he claims that there must be a separate and unchanging being that is the source of all other beings. In his ethics, he holds that it is only by becoming excellent that one could achieve eudaimonia, a sort of happiness or blessedness that constitutes the best kind of human life.

What are your family's top 5 moral values?

Gratitude: showing appreciation to others, letting loved ones know what you appreciate about them. Honesty: being truthful and sincere. Integrity: sticking to your moral and ethical principles and values. Kindness: being considerate and treating others well.

What is the most important moral value?

Honesty is the Best Policy Honesty is a moral value that most people in society have because they know that telling lies won’t benefit them in the long run. Honesty is the most important value to have in the workplace, for example.

What are the three moral values?

  • Respect: Keeping it short, Respect is the fundamental moral value. …
  • Tolerance: The second essential moral characteristic a child must have is tolerance. …
  • Integrity:
What are examples of morals?

Moral is defined as a principle that governs right and wrong or the lesson of a fable. An example of moral is the commandment “Thou shalt not kill.” An example of moral is “Slow and steady wins the race” from “The Tortoise and the Hare.”

What virtue has the highest moral value?

Truth is the highest virtue, but higher still is truthful living.

What are moral values based on?

Moral values are the behavioral practices, goals, and habits which are validated by the society we’re part of. This set of values typically becomes embedded in our behavior through a long process of observation, education, conditioning, and social guidelines.

What are moral standards?

Moral standards are those concerned with or relating to human behaviour , especially the distinction between good and bad behaviour. Moral standards involves the rules people have about the kinds of actions they believe are morally right and wrong.

What are your morals?

Morals are what you believe to be right and wrong. People can have different morals: you might say, “I like his morals” or “I wonder about his morals.” Your morals are your ideas about right and wrong, especially how you should act and treat other people.

Why are moral values important?

Ethical, moral values help a person to become a better individual. It helps people respect elders, show gratitude, help people in need, honest, and encourage others to keep up their values while wrong moral values make a person harm the other.

How is virtue a mean explain this by using some of Aristotle's examples?

Aristotle describes a virtue as a “mean” or “intermediate” between two extremes: one of excess and one of deficiency. 2. Example: bravery (e.g. on a battlefield) Involves how much we let fear restrict or modify our actions. Bravery is the mean or intermediate between cowardliness and rashness.

Why did Aristotle conclude that virtue must be a state of character and do you agree or not why?

Why did Aristotle conclude that virtue must be a state of character, and do you agree or not? Why? It cannot be a passion, since no one is praised or blamed for feeling something. And it cannot be a faculty, since we have our faculties by nature, and we are not made good or bad by nature.

What does Aristotle mean when he characterizes virtue as a mean relative to ourselves?

One of the most famous aspects of the Ethics is Aristotle’s doctrine that virtue exists as a mean state between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency. For example, the virtuous mean of courage stands between the vices of rashness and cowardice, which represent excess and deficiency respectively.

What are the 7 intellectual virtues?

Books by education writers Chapters 1-7 consist of brief, engaging treatments of seven intellectual virtues: intellectual courage, intellectual carefulness, intellectual tenacity, intellectual fair-mindedness, intellectual curiosity, intellectual honesty, and intellectual humility.

What do moral relativists believe about morality give example?

Relativists often do claim that an action/judgment etc. is morally required of a person. For example, if a person believes that abortion is morally wrong, then it IS wrong — for her. In other words, it would be morally wrong for Susan to have an abortion if Susan believed that abortion is always morally wrong.

What are the three main arguments of moral relativism?

Harman’s Argument for Moral Relativism (1) A moral demand applies to a person only if it is rational for her to accept that demand. (2) It can be rational for different people to accept different demands ‘all the way down. ‘ Therefore (3) Different moral demands can apply to different people ‘all the way down.

What are moral views?

The Moral Point of View suggests that sometimes people have to set aside their own interests and act in the best interests of others. This notion of doing what’s best for others – at least some of the time – underlies ethical behavior. It is also important in understanding why ethical reasoning methods work as they do.

What are the virtues in virtue ethics?

  • Virtue ethics takes its philosophical root in the work of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. …
  • Character traits commonly regarded as virtues include courage, temperance, justice, wisdom, generosity, and good temper (as well as many others).
Does Aristotle believe virtue is innate?

Aristotle claims that the virtues are innate. According to Aristotle, to be virtuous is for the rational part of one’s soul to govern over the non-rational part. According to Aristotle, happiness is an activity, not a state. Aristotle holds that an inquiry into ethics cannot be perfectly precise.

How did Aristotle think that virtue can be acquired?

How did Aristotle think that virtue could be acquired? … Virtue is acquired through education and training.