The Department of Justice issued standards for the detection, prevention, and response to sexual abuse in prisons, jails, juvenile facilities, community confinement facilities, and lockups in 2012 as a federal regulation pursuant to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA).
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What are PREA national standards?

WASHINGTON – The Justice Department today released a final rule to prevent, detect and respond to sexual abuse in confinement facilities, in accordance with the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA). … The standards have three clear goals: to prevent, detect and respond to sexual abuse.

How many standards are in PREA?

We encourage you to read each of the four sets of Standards to familiarize yourself with what is required for each facility type.

What is PREA compliance?

Overview. The federal Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003 drives all CDCR efforts to combat sexual abuse and sexual misconduct within our institutions. … PREA compliance is a significant factor in providing the necessary safety and security for successful rehabilitation.

What does the PREA do?

What is PREA? The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003 is a Federal law established to address the elimination and prevention of sexual assault and rape in correctional systems.

What are the three primary reasons PREA was enacted?

  • 3 stated reasons why PREA was enacted: • Public Safety. • Public Health. • Institutional Violence. …
  • Step 1: Pre-Audit Phase. Pre-audit questionnaire completed by facility PREA. Coordinator/Compliance Manager responsible for PREA. Agency selected PREA Auditor reviews questionnaire and. …
  • Step 2: The Audit.
  • Step 3: Post-Audit.
Where are PREA guidelines found?

You can find the Prisons and Jail Standards on the PREA Resource Center website, along with extensive resources aimed at guiding agencies to full compliance.

Which states are PREA compliant?

In FY 2015, 10 states certified that they are in full compliance with the PREA standards. These states are Iowa, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oregon, Tennessee and Washington.

What is a PREA audit?

The National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape (PREA Standards) require all covered confinement facilities to be audited at least once during every three-year audit cycle.

Is PREA federal?

The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) is the first United States federal law intended to deter the sexual assault of prisoners. The bill was signed into law on September 4, 2003.

Which factors have been linked to recidivism?

Across conditions, the three factors that were most consistently associated with recidivism were criminal history, age at discharge, and geographic environment.

How many states are in compliance with PREA?

Nineteen states have fully adopted standards under the Prison Rape Elimination Act, or PREA, according to the department’s latest compliance list. Another 34 states and U.S. territories have demonstrated they are working toward compliance.

How do I file a PREA complaint?

To file a PREA grievance, the Grievant must fill out a Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Prisoner Grievance Form (STEP I) (CAJ-1038A). The prisoner should state their issues briefly but concisely and limit them to PREA issues ONLY.

What are the three phases of a PREA audit?

The onsite phase of a PREA audit consists of three core components: site review, interviews, and documentation selection and review.

What is a PREA officer?

PREA compliance managers are responsible for coordinating and monitoring their facility’s compliance with PREA standards. PREA compliance managers provide the agency-wide PREA coordinator with all of the information needed to demonstrate their facility’s compliance.

How do you become an PREA auditor?

Complete 20 hours of remote advance work, provided by the National PREA Resource Center (PRC) Complete a 40-hour PREA auditor certification training session, provided by the PRC. Pass a pre-training examination before the 40-hour training session and a post-training examination at the end of the 40-hour training …

Is PREA mandatory?

Authority of DOJ PREA Standards The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) states their PREA standards are not mandatory for county jails.

What is the strongest predictor of recidivism?

Gendreau (1979) report that social history variables predict better than psychometric variables, despite their earlier findings (1950) that a change in self esteem during incarceration was the strongest predictor of recidivism two years after release.

What are the types of recidivism?

The recidivism risk factors were similar for all three types of recidivism across the three types of offenders. General, violent, and sexual recidivism were associated with young age, prior criminal history, negative peer associations, substance abuse, and antisocial personality disorder.

What is it called when a prisoner goes back to jail?

Recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. Recidivism is measured by criminal acts that resulted in rearrest, reconviction or return to prison with or without a new sentence during a three-year period following the person’s release. …

What does third party reporting mean?

A third party reporter is someone who reports sexual abuse and sexual harassment but is neither the victim nor the abuser. This person may have been told by the victim about the abuse or harassment, or witnessed it first – hand.

How do you conduct a PREA investigation?

Top Five Essentials to PREA Investigations: 2. Address the Issues and bases alleged in the allegation or discovered during the investigation; 3. Apply the proper element of proof (Preponderance of Evidence); 4. Support the conclusion with relevant testimonial and documentary evidence; 5.

What is PREA phone number?

They may also report Sexual Abuse or Sexual Harassment directly to the Employee Hotline, which is an independent, professional service, available24 hours per day, 7 days a week on the Internet at or at the toll free phone number (866) 568-5425.

How often is PREA training?

(c) All current employees who have not received such training shall be trained within one year of the effective date of the PREA standards, and the agency shall provide each employee with refresher training every two years to ensure that all employees know the agency’s current sexual abuse and sexual harassment …