A rain forest is simply an area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall. … A rainforest is an area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall. Rainforests are Earth’s oldest living ecosystems, with some surviving in their present form for at least 70 million years.
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What are the 5 major rainforests?

This article focuses specifically on the world’s tropical rainforests. The following charts show the extent of primary forest cover and tree cover in the tropics for the world’s five largest blocks of rainforest: Amazon, Congo, Australiasia, Sundaland, and Indo-Burma.

What are the 8 major rainforests?

  • Amazon Rainforest (South America) …
  • Congo Rainforest (Africa) …
  • Valdivian Temperate Rainforest (South America) …
  • Daintree Rainforest (Australia) …
  • Southeast Asian Rainforest (Asia) …
  • Tongass National Forest (North America) …
  • Kinabalu National Park (Malaysia)
What are the 3 types of rainforests?

Most experts agree that, broadly speaking, there are three types of forests: tropical rainforests, temperate, and boreal. WIthin these types are several subcategories based on seasonal rainfall, unique species composition, and more. Confused already? Don’t be!

What are the top 3 biggest rainforests?

  1. Amazon Rainforest. Size: 5,500,000km2 …
  2. Congolese Rainforest. Size: 1,780,000km2 …
  3. New Guinea Rainforest. Size: 288,000km2 …
  4. Valdivian Temperate Rainforest. …
  5. Heart of Borneo. …
  6. Pacific Temperate Rainforest. …
  7. Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. …
  8. Eastern Australian Temperate Forests.
Where are the 7 temperate rainforests located?

Temperate rain forests only occur in seven regions around the world – the Pacific Northwest, the Validivian forests of southwestern South America, the rain forests of New Zealand and Tasmania, the Northeastern Atlantic (small, isolated pockets in Ireland, Scotland, and Iceland), southwestern Japan, and those of the …

How many rainforest are there in the world?

Out of the 6 million square miles (15 million square kilometers) of tropical rainforest that once existed worldwide, only 2.4 million square miles (6 million square km) remain, and only 50 percent, or 75 million square acres (30 million hectares), of temperate rainforests still exists, according to The Nature …

What is the biggest rainforest?

The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest. It’s home to more than 30 million people and one in ten known species on Earth. See some of this region’s splendor in our new video.

What is the 3rd largest rainforest?

After the Amazon and Congo, New Guinea is home to the 3rd largest rainforest in the world.

What is the most popular rainforest?

  • Amazon Rainforest, South America. …
  • Congo Rainforest, Africa. …
  • Southeast Asian Rainforest. …
  • Kinabalu National Forest, Malaysia. …
  • Tongass National Forest, South America. …
  • Daintree Rainforest, Australia. …
  • Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica. …
  • New Guinea Rainforest, Mongabay.
What are the 7 types of rainforest?

  • Emergent Layer – very sunny because it is the very top. Only the tallest trees reach this level. …
  • Canopy Layer – much of the rain is stopped by the thick foliage. …
  • Understory Layer – many vines, dense vegetation, not much light. …
  • Forest Floor – dark, damp, full of many dead leaves, twigs and dead plants.
What are the 4 types of rainforest?

TropicalTemperate
Number of tree speciesmany (hundreds)few (10-20)
Types of leavesbroadleafneedles
Age of trees50-100 years500-1000 years
Epiphyteslots of different kinds including orchids and bromeliadsmostly mosses and ferns
What are the four types of rainforest?

Most rainforests are structured in four layers: emergent, canopy, understory, and forest floor.

Where is the oldest rainforest in the world?

The region referred to as the ‘Daintree Rainforest‘ covers an area of approximately 1200 square kilometres and extends from the Daintree River, north of Cooktown and west to the Great Divide. It is the oldest intact lowland tropical rainforest in the world, thought to be around 180 million years old.

Does New Zealand have a rainforest?

Temperate rainforests occur throughout New Zealand today; they are dominated in northern New Zealand by Agathis and a range of emergent podocarps, and many broadleaved taxa such as Beilschmiedia and Dysoxylum (Wardle 1991. 1991. Vegetation of New Zealand.

What are the rainforests in Australia?

Tropical and subtropical rainforests are found in northern and eastern Australia in wet coastal areas. Warm-temperate rainforests grow in New South Wales and Victoria, and cool-temperate rainforests are found in Victoria and Tasmania and in small areas at high altitude in New South Wales and Queensland.

Is Ireland a rainforest?

Celtic Rainforest is a colloquial term which refers to the temperate rainforest of the British Isles. … Today, the Celtic Rainforest exists as small fragments of the temperate rainforest that once covered much of Ireland and the west coast of Great Britain.

Are there different types of rainforests?

There are two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Tropical rainforests are found closer to the equator where it is warm. Temperate rainforests are found near the cooler coastal areas further north or south of the equator.

Is Georgia a rainforest?

The Appalachian temperate rainforest is located in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the eastern U.S. About 351,500 square kilometers (135,000 square miles) of forest land is spread across eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia, western North Carolina, the tip of South Carolina, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, …

What are 5 interesting facts about the rainforest?

  • There are several different types of rainforests. …
  • Rainforests cover less than 3 percent of the planet. …
  • The world’s largest rainforest is the Amazon rainforest. …
  • Rainforests house more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem. …
  • Much of the life in the rainforest is found in the trees.
Why is it called rainforest?

A Rainforest can be described as a tall, dense jungle. The reason it is called a “rain” forest is because of the high amount of rainfall it gets per year. The climate of a rain forest is very hot and humid so the animals and plants that exist there must learn to adapt to this climate.

Which country has most rainforest?

Brazil has the largest rainforest cover in the world, thanks to the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest and most biodiverse rainforest in the world covering an area of 1,800,000 square miles.

Does the UK have a rainforest?

Rainforests in the UK are part of the Coastal Temperate Rainforest biome. This habitat is globally rare and some say is more threatened than tropical rainforest. … Coastal temperate rainforest is a globally rare habitat.

What animal lives in a rainforest?

Rainforest animals include mammals such as sloths, tapirs, jaguars, tigers, howler monkeys, spider monkeys and orangutans; reptiles such as caimans and the green anaconda; amphibians such as poison dart frogs and the red-eyed tree frog; and birds such as toucans, macaws and the harpy eagle.

What is the second largest rainforest in the world?

Facts. The Congo Basin makes up one of the most important wilderness areas left on Earth. At 500 million acres, it is larger than the state of Alaska and stands as the world’s second-largest tropical forest. A mosaic of rivers, forests, savannas, swamps and flooded forests, the Congo Basin is teeming with life.

Is India a rainforest?

India’s best rainforests are found in the northeastern region which is not as affected by human population as the Western Ghats. The northeastern rainforests stretch from northern Assam to Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and part of Arunachal Pradesh. Most of this region is at an altitude of around 900 meters.

What is the fourth largest rainforest?

Peru is the fourth largest rainforest country in the world and one of the most biodiverse areas of the world. Although deforestation in Peru has traditionally been very low, largely due to difficulty of access, roughly 1,100 square miles of Peru’s forests are cut down every year—around 80% of them illegally.

Which is the largest forest in the world?

The boreal forest is the largest forest in the world, wrapping right around Earth’s entire northern hemisphere like a giant green headband. It acts as the lungs of the planet, producing much of the air we breathe and influencing the world’s climate.

What is a famous rainforest?

The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest and most famous rainforest in the world. Located in South America, the Amazon rainforest covers parts of Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon rainforest covers much of the Amazon Basin.

What are the 10 largest forests in the world?

  • of 10. New Guinea Rainforest. …
  • of 10. Valdivian Temperate Rainforest. …
  • of 10. Tongass National Forest. …
  • of 10. Bosawas Biosphere Reserve. …
  • of 10. Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest. …
  • of 10. Daintree Rainforest. …
  • of 10. Kinabalu National Park. …
  • of 10. Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve.
How many rainforest are there in the world 2021?

There are only seven temperate rainforests in the world. Tropical rainforests have 40–100 tree species per one hectare of land. Over 30 million people live in the Amazon rainforest, rainforest statistics show.

What are the 6 types of forests?

They are named as Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical thorn forests, Montane forests, and Swamp forests. Although different geographers divide the forests into many other categories, these are supposed to remain uniform throughout the country.

What is primary rainforest?

Primary forest refers to untouched, pristine forest that exists in its original condition. This forest has been relatively unaffected by human activities. Primary rainforest is often characterized by a full ceiling canopy and usually several layers of understory.

Are all tropical forests rainforests?

Only a small percentage of the tropical forests are rain forests. To be a tropical rain forest, forested areas must: Lie between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

What is tropical rainforest Class 7?

TROPICAL RAINFORESTS. These are generally hot regions because of its location around the equator. Day and night are almost equal in length throughout the year. These regions get plenty of rainfall. Tropical forests are found in Western ghats and Assam in India, Southeast Asia, Central America and Central Africa.

What are the major part of the rainforest describe each?

Rain forests are divided into four layers, or stories: emergent layer, canopy, understory, and forest floor. Each layer receives a different amount of sunlight and rainfall, so different types of animals and plants are found in each layer.

What are the different types of forest?

  • Moist tropical forest.
  • Dry tropical forest.
  • Montane temperate forest.
  • Montane sub tropical forest.
  • Alpine forest.
How old is Daintree forest?

The Daintree Rainforest is at least 135 million years old – possibly even as old as 180 million years! It is the world’s oldest tropical lowland rainforest.

What does Daintree Rainforest look like?

The landscape is one of striking diversity including magnificent scenery, mountain ranges, fast flowing streams and waterfalls, deep gorges and dense rainforest. There is outstanding coastal scenery that combines tropical rainforest, white sandy beaches and fringing reefs just offshore… an extremely rare combination.

Where is 50% of the world rainforest located?

The bulk of the world’s tropical rainforest occurs in the Amazon Basin in South America. The Congo Basin and Southeast Asia, respectively, have the second and third largest areas of tropical rainforest.