Baker led two actions against the enemy, taking out machine gun nests and observation posts and ultimately leading a battalion advance through enemy mine fields and heavy fire to secure the occupied mountain objective. This action helped breech the Gothic line and drive German forces out of northern Italy.
What contributions did William the Conqueror make to society? what did william the conqueror do.


What was significant about the contributions of Vernon J Baker?

Vernon Baker was one of seven African Americans to receive the Medal of Honor for service in World War II, an award delayed decades by bias and discrimination. In both war and peace, Baker served as an inspirational leader for the soldiers that served under his command and for generations to come.

What is Vernon Baker credited for doing?

Vernon Joseph Baker (December 17, 1919 – July 13, 2010) was a United States Army first lieutenant who was an infantry company platoon leader during World War II and a paratrooper during the Korean War.

Who is the most decorated African American soldier?

Henry Johnson
Nickname(s)Black Death, Harlem Terminator
Bornc.July 15, 1892 Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States
DiedJuly 1, 1929 (aged 36) Washington, D.C., United States
BuriedArlington National Cemetery
Who was the most decorated soldier in ww2?

Who Was Audie Murphy? Audie Murphy eventually became the most decorated U.S. soldier in World War II. Though he was around 20 years old at the end of the war, he had killed 240 German soldiers, had been wounded three times and had earned 33 awards and medals.

Who was Vernon Baker quizlet?

Vernon Joseph Baker (December 17, 1919 – July 13, 2010) was a United States Army officer who received the Medal of Honor, the highest military award given by the United States Government for his valorous actions during World War II. He was awarded the medal for his actions on April 5-6, 1945 near Viareggio, Italy.

Who was the most decorated soldier in the US Army?

Audie Murphy
Birth nameAudie Leon Murphy
Born20 June 1925 Kingston, Texas, U.S.
Who was awarded the most medals of honor?

  • Army. The US Army has awarded 2,451 medals, the most of any branch of the military. …
  • US Navy. The US Navy has awarded 749 medals to members of the US Navy. …
  • US Air Force. There have been 18 medals awarded to members of the US Air Force since it was created in 1965.
Which technological advance from WWII fulfilled this mission?

Which technological advance from World War II fulfilled this mission? Radar.

Has a black man ever won a Medal of Honor?

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. … Robert Augustus Sweeney is one of 19 men, and the only African American, to have been awarded two Medals of Honor.

Which ethnic group has won the most Medal of Honor?

Of the 3,464 Medals of Honor awarded as of September 17, 2009, an estimated 2,021 (58%) have been awarded to Irish-American recipients, more than twice the number awarded any other ethnic group; 257 Irish-born Americans have received the Medal of Honor which represents more than half of foreign-born MOH recipients.

Has anyone won 2 medal honors?

Perhaps the most notable two-time Medal of Honor recipients are Smedley Butler and Dan Daly, both Marines who began their careers in the late-19th century before serving in World War I. … Dan Daly received his two Medals of Honor for actions in China and Haiti in 1900 and 1915.

Who won the most Purple Hearts?

Albert L. Ireland – Marine Corps. Staff Sergeant Albert Ireland has the distinction of being awarded the most Purple Hearts of any individual across all branches of service. During his 12 years of service – spanning two wars from 1941 to 1953 – Ireland was wounded a total of nine times.

Who was the first NCO in the Army?

Von Steuben was the first to refer to the NCO Corps as the “backbone” of the Army and his regulation established the centerpiece for NCO duties and responsibilities from 1778 to the present.

Why is Vernon Baker considered a notable Congressional Medal of Honor recipient quizlet?

Why was Vernon J. Baker is considered to be a notable Congressional Medal of Honor recipient? because he was the only living recipient of a group of seven African American World War II veterans who received the honor in 1997.

Why did the United States use Pacific islands during World War II?

In order to defeat Japan, the United States came up with a plan that was known as “Island Hopping”. Through this measure, the U.S. hoped to gain military bases and secure as many small islands in the Pacific as they could.

How was the Medal of Honor historically significant?

The Medal of Honor is the nation’s highest medal for valor in combat that can be awarded to members of the armed forces. The medal was first authorized in 1861 for Sailors and Marines, and the following year for Soldiers as well.

What is the rarest military medal?

The Victoria Cross is the ‘holy grail’ for medal collectors because there are only 1,357 in existence. Bearing the inscription ‘For valour’ and known as a VC, this medal was first awarded for ‘conspicuous bravery’ in 1856 and later backdated to the Crimean war of 1854.

Has anyone received 3 Medals of Honor?

Hogan is one of only three Medal of Honor recipients who saved the life of another Medal of Honor recipient (John Coleman and Mike Thornton being the other two).

Who is the most decorated soldier alive today?

  • 101st Airborne.
  • 25th Infantry.
  • 82nd Airborne. 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team.
Has a woman ever got the Medal of Honor?

Mary Edwards Walker remains the only women ever to receive the Medal of Honor, which she was awarded for her service during the Civil War. She grew up in Oswego, New York, raised by her progressive parents along with her six brothers and sisters.

Has anyone refused the Medal of Honor?

Bill Belichick, who turned down the Presidential Medal of Freedom, is not the first person to decline the award. Jacqueline Kennedy and Moe Berg, the baseball player, also said no. Bill Belichick, right, is the latest person to turn down the Presidential Medal of Freedom, following Jacqueline Kennedy.

Who has a Purple Heart?

The Purple Heart medal is presented to service members who have been wounded or killed as a result of enemy action while serving in the U.S. military. A Purple Heart is a solemn distinction and means a service member has greatly sacrificed themselves, or paid the ultimate price, while in the line of duty.

How did First Lieutenant Vernon J Baker demonstrate sacrifice and courage during WWII?

With the aid of one of his men, Baker attacked two more machine gun nests, killing or wounding the four enemy soldiers occupying these positions. Then he covered the evacuation of his wounded soldiers by occupying an exposed position and drawing the enemy’s fire.

How successful were the Navajo code talkers?

During the nearly month-long battle for Iwo Jima, for example, six Navajo Code Talker Marines successfully transmitted more than 800 messages without error. Marine leadership noted after the battle that the Code Talkers were critical to the victory at Iwo Jima. At the end of the war, the Navajo Code remained unbroken.

What medals were used in ww2?

  • Medal of Honor.
  • Navy Cross.
  • Distinguished Service Cross.
  • Distinguished Service Medal.
  • Navy Distinguished Service Medal.
  • Legion of Merit.
  • Silver Star.
  • Bronze Star.
How did President Harry S Truman decision to drop the atomic bomb affect international relations Quizizz?

How did President Harry S. Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb affect international relations? It initiated the arms race with the Soviet Union. It prompted other nations to begin investigations of war crimes.

What important military contribution did Navajo Code Talkers make during World War II?

The Navajo Code Talkers were successful because they provided a fast, secure and error-free line of communication by telephone and radio during World War II in the Pacific. The 29 initial recruits developed an unbreakable code, and they were successfully trained to transmit the code under intense conditions.

What event forced the US to enter ww2?

On December 7, 1941, following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, the United States declared war on Japan. Three days later, after Germany and Italy declared war on it, the United States became fully engaged in the Second World War.

Why is Vernon Baker significance?

Vernon J. Baker was an Army infantryman who, more than 50 years after the end of World War II, became the only surviving African American to receive the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during the war.

How do you get a Medal of Honor?

There are two protocols for awarding the Medal of Honor. The most common is a service member submits a nomination through the chain of command. The other process is through nomination by a member of Congress, usually at the request of a constituent and approved by a special act of Congress.

Who was the first African American to receive the Purple Heart?

We’ll start with the first black recipient of the award: Army Sgt. William H. Carney, who earned the honor for protecting one of the United States’ greatest symbols during the Civil War — the American flag. Carney was born into slavery in Norfolk, Virginia, in 1840.

Why does the Medal of Honor have 13 stars?

The important part of the ribbon is the part that holds the medal. This part of the ribbon is inscribed with 13 white stars representing the original 13 colonies of the union.

How many African Americans won the Medal of Honor in Vietnam?

Medals were awarded to two U.S. Army veterans from the all-black 24th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division during the Korean War, and the first black U.S. Marine earned the distinction during the Vietnam War. In total, there are 89 names on this distinguished list.

Who was the first Hispanic man to win the Medal of Honor?

In 1864, Seaman John Ortega became the first Hispanic member of the U.S. Navy to receive the Medal of Honor and in 1900, Private France Silva became the first person of Hispanic descent in the U.S. Marine Corps to receive the medal.

Who was the most famous Hispanic soldier in the Civil War?

One of the most well-known Hispanic Confederates is Colonel Santos Benavides, the commander of the 33rd Texas Cavalry Regiment, and the highest-ranking Tejano in the Confederate army. He played a crucial role in driving off Union forces from Brownsville in 1864.

How many Mexican Americans won the Medal of Honor in ww2?

Out of 16.2 million Americans in the armed services during World War II, between 250,000 and 750,000 were of Mexican ancestry. In total, thirteen Latino servicemen earned the Medal of Honor: Lucian Adams, Rudolph B. Dávila, Marcario García, Harold Gonsalves, David M. Gonzáles, Silvestre S.

Who is America’s most decorated soldier?

Audie MurphyBirth nameAudie Leon MurphyBorn20 June 1925 Kingston, Texas, U.S.

Who’s the most decorated soldier in US history?

1. GA Douglas MacArthur, USA1. GA Douglas MacArthur, USA9. Maj Thomas B. McGuire, Jr., USAAF9. SgtMaj Daniel J. Daly, USMC10. VADM James B. Stockdale, USN10. Col James H. Kasler, USAF11. Maj Gen Smedley D. Butler, USMC11. BG Charles E. Getz, USA

Do Medal of Honor recipients pay taxes?

Medal of Honor recipients are invited to every presidential inaugural ball and they never pay federal income tax again.