What distance should floor joists be apart? floor joist size in residential construction.
Is how we use space and distance to communicate for example standing close to someone or keeping our distance from someone conveys a message?
means of distance communication means any means which, without the simultaneous physical presence of the supplier and the consumer, may be used for the conclusion of a contract between those parties.
Hall (1969) delineated four zones of interpersonal distance that characterize Western culture: intimate (up to 18 inches), personal (18–48 inches), social (48 inches to 12 feet), and public (greater than 12 feet).
Public distance (>12 ft.) (Personal space: 2007) Intimate distance is that which is used for very confidential communications. This zone of distance is characterized by 0 to 2 feet of space between two individuals. An example of intimate distance is two people hugging, holding hands, or standing side-by-side.
Personal distance begins about an arm’s length away; starting around 18 inches (46 cm) from the person and ending about 4 feet (122 cm) away. This space is used in conversations with friends, to chat with associates, and in group discussions.
An example of a physical barrier to communication is geographic distance between the sender and receiver(s). Communication is generally easier over shorter distances as more communication channels are available and less technology is required. The ideal communication is face-to-face.
Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication. It worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations.
Proximity involves the physical closeness between people when communicating. close. Standing at a slight angle can show you are relaxed and friendly. When communicating, you should move your proximity in response to the other person’s body language.
Interpersonal distance. Hall described the interpersonal distances of humans (the relative distances between people) in four distinct zones: (1) intimate space, (2) personal space, (3) social space, and (4) public space.
The amount of personal space needed when having a casual conversation with another person usually varies between 18 inches to four feet. On the other hand, the personal distance needed when speaking to a crowd of people is around 10 to 12 feet.
Space and Distance A spacious and well-decorated room indicates a person’s position in the organization hierarchy and external people get a message about his importance and authority only by visiting his room. Distance is another communication tool, which expresses the degree of intimacy and individual acceptance.
Social space is often divided further by gender, age, status, and other considerations, but for US-Americans the emphasis is often on informality and egalitarianism. PERSONAL = Eighteen inches to four feet. Personal space begins around eighteen inches from another person and may extend out to about four feet.
- 12 Simple Yet Effective Ways To Overcome Distance In Your Long Distance Relationship. Alore. …
- See It As An Opportunity. …
- Set Ground Rules. …
- Communicate Creatively. …
- Do Similar Things. …
- Stay Honest With Each Other. …
- Know Each Other’s Schedules. …
- Video Call Each Other.
A barrier is an obstacle that is present between the two locations you are calculating the distance for.
- Technical Barriers:
- Language barriers:
- Psychological Barriers:
The internet is probably the most revolutionizing of all the long distance communication methods we’ve discussed so far. It’s also one of the youngest. With research funded by the United States government beginning in 1960 and its continued development in the 1980s, the internet has been around less than 50 years.
Smoke signals are a form of visual communication that can travel over long distances and are one of the oldest forms of long distance communication. Smoke signals were used to warn others of enemy attacks in Ancient China, as they were able to be seen from tower to tower along the Great Wall.
The oldest known form of communication were cave paintings. After them came pictograms that eventually evolved into ideograms. Fast forward to 3500 BC and the first cuneiform writing was developed by the Sumerians, while the Egyptians developed what is known as hieroglyphic writing.
Proximity is all about a person’s positioning and their space in relation to others. Various factors impact how closely we sit or stand next to someone.
One of the reasons why proximity matters to attraction is that it breeds familiarity; people are more attracted to that which is familiar. Just being around someone or being repeatedly exposed to them increases the likelihood that we will be attracted to them.
There are two main reasons why people form groups with others nearby rather than people further away. First, human beings like things that are familiar to them. Second, the more people come into contact with one another, the more likely the interaction will cultivate a relationship.
A social space is physical or virtual space such as a social center, online social media, or other gathering place where people gather and interact.
The social zone is defined as the area of 1.25 to 3.5 m (4–11½ ft) from a person.
Nonverbal communication can occur through any sensory channel – sight, sound, smell, touch or taste. NVC is important because: “When we speak (or listen), our attention is focused on words rather than body language. … An audience is simultaneously processing both verbal and nonverbal cues.
Proxemics refers to the study of how space and distance influence communication. We only need look at the ways in which space shows up in common metaphors to see that space, communication, and relationships are closely related.
The major environmental / physical barriers are Time, Place, Space, Climate and Noise. Some of them are easy to alter whereas, some may prove to be tough obstacles in the process of effective communication.
Definition: Effective communication is a process of exchanging ideas, thoughts, knowledge and information such that the purpose or intention is fulfilled in the best possible manner. In simple words, it is nothing but the presentation of views by the sender in a way best understood by the receiver.
Factors affecting effective communication Factors Affecting Communication Status/Role, Cultural Differences, Choice of communication, channels Length of Communication, Use of Language, Disabilities, Known or Unknown, Receiver Individual Perceptions, Atmosphere/Noise, Clarity of Message, Lack of Feedback.
- Work environment.
- People’s attitudes and emotional state.
- Time zone and geography.
- Distractions and other priorities.
- Cultures and languages.