In the world of architecture, an apse is a semi-circle, like an upside down bowl, built into the ceiling over a pinnacle point. In pre-Christian times, it would be the highest point of the ceiling.
What does a architect do? what is an architect.

What is a church apse?

apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. … The apse was the most elaborately decorated part of the church, with the walls sheathed in marble and the vault ornamented with mosaic that depicted an embodiment of the godhead.

Where would you find a nave or an apse?

As nouns the difference between nave and apse is that nave is (human) hand while apse is (architecture) a semicircular projection from a building, especially the rounded east end of a church that contains the altar.

What is the difference between apse and chancel?

is that apse is (architecture) a semicircular projection from a building, especially the rounded east end of a church that contains the altar while chancel is the space around the altar in a church, often enclosed, for use by the clergy and the choir in medieval cathedrals the chancel was usually enclosed or blocked …

What was the purpose of a Chevet?

(in large churches) an apse with an ambulatory giving access behind the high altar to a series of chapels set in bays. ‘It took considerable architectural and engineering skill to bridge a substantial change of levels, but the result was one of the most splendid chevets of France.

What do you mean by apse?

Definition. An apse is a semicircular recess, often covered with a hemispherical vault. Commonly, the apse of a church, cathedral or basilica is the semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or sanctuary, or sometimes at the end of an aisle.

What does apse mosaic mean?

“Apse Mosaic at San Clemente.” The Crucifixion of Christ. … Although it gives a different feel than most, the mosaic still consists of mourning Mary and St. John. On the stems of the cross there are twelve doves that symbolize the apostles as well as bring a sense of peace to the depicted scene.

What is inside a cathedral?

The typical cathedral contains a narthex at the entrance, three aisles with the central being the nave, a transept that gives the church its cross shape, an open choir where the nave and transept meet, and an apse at the far end of the nave, containing the altar.

What is the room behind the altar called?

sacristy, also called vestry, in architecture, room in a Christian church in which vestments and sacred objects used in the services are stored and in which the clergy and sometimes the altar boys and the choir members put on their robes.

What is the top of a cathedral called?

A spire is a tall, slender, pointed structure on top of a roof or tower, especially at the summit of church steeples. A spire may have a square, circular, or polygonal plan, with a roughly conical or pyramidal shape.

Where did the apse come from?

The earliest example of an apse is found in the temple of Mars Ultor at Rome (2 B.C.), and it formed afterwards the favourite feature terminating the rear of any temple, and one which gave importance to the statue of the deity to whom the temple was dedicated.

What is the inside of a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.

What is the main room in a Catholic church called?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

Which chapel can be found in the apse?

As we have seen, the apse is the part located at the back of the temple which includes the altar. In its interior, it is divided into seven chapels dedicated to the Seven Sorrows and Joys of Saint Joseph, and the Chapel of the Assumption will be located at the center, and two vestries at the sides.

What does chevet mean in English?

chevet in British English (ʃəˈveɪ ) noun. a semicircular or polygonal east end of a church, esp a French Gothic church, often with a number of attached apses.

What is a Chevette in a cathedral?

Definition of chevet : the apsidal eastern termination of a church choir typically having a surrounding ambulatory that opens onto a number of radiating apses or chapels —used especially of French Gothic architecture.

What is apse math?

Apse: An apse is a point on the central orbit at which radius vector drawn from the centre is normal to the curve. Apsidal Distance: The length of the radius vector at an apse is called the apsidal angle. Apsidal angle: The angle between two apsidal distance is called the apsidal angle.

What is apse physics?

apse, also spelled apsis, plural apsides, in astronomy, either of the two points on an elliptical orbit that are nearest to, and farthest from, the focus, or centre of attraction. … The point nearest the focus is the pericentre, or periapsis, and that farthest from it is the apocentre, or apoapsis.

What does nave mean in art?

Nave – The central aisle of a church running from the narthex or the principle entrance to the chancel or altar. A church may have a single nave or the central nave may be flanked by smaller ones.

Why is the apse in the East?

The Apostolic Constitutions, a work of eastern Christianity written between 375 and 380 AD, gave it as a rule that churches should have the sanctuary (with apse and sacristies) at the east end, to enable Christians to pray eastward in church as in private or in small groups.

Where is the transept in a church?

transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross.

What is ambulatory church?

ambulatory, in architecture, continuation of the aisled spaces on either side of the nave (central part of the church) around the apse (semicircular projection at the east end of the church) or chancel (east end of the church where the main altar stands) to form a continuous processional way.

What did cathedrals look like?

Most cathedrals are built in the shape of a cross. The main entrance is at the west end at the bottom of the cross. There is a long central aisle called the nave and two side aisles. The arms of the cross are the transepts and meet the nave at the crossing.

Who built cathedrals?

The key figure in the construction of a cathedral was the Master Builder or Master Mason, who was the architect in charge of all aspects of the construction. One example was Gautier de Varinfroy, Master Builder of Évreux Cathedral.

Are mosques sanctified?

In contrast to a church, however, a mosque is not viewed as a sanctified place but rather as a location for the community to gather together for worship. The mosque is organized around a central courtyard … although it may be enclosed in harsher climates.

Why do pews face each other?

Monastic life contributed to the encroachment of the pews since monks and some other clerics sat in “choir,” – a choir pew area between the people in the assembly and the altar. They would against opposite walls, facing each other, a style still seen in monastic settings.

What is the space underneath a church called?

A crypt (from Latin crypta “vault”) is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building. It typically contains coffins, sarcophagi, or religious relics.

Can priests retire early?

Retirement policies in many dioceses require a minimum age of 70, a specific number of years in ministry, and the permission of the bishop. Other dioceses hold to the above policies with full retirement only possible at age 75.

What Spires do?

There are a variety of reasons for the use of spires, and spires also vary in shape and height. … The spire could serve as a communication tower, or a lightning rod, and the flat roof area could also be used as a public viewing deck with the tapered spire serving as a guard rail or balustrade.

Why do churches have tall Spires?

Steeples are commonly seen on Christian churches because they enhance the lines of the building and create an aesthetically pleasing effect. … Secondly it would house the bells and ensure they were elevated above other buildings so the sound wouldn’t be blocked and would therefore travel further.

Why do cathedrals have high ceilings?

It is designed so as to meet the need of the climate and also to create and impact of monumentality. Firstly, climate wise, since church is a congregation space where a lot of people gather to pray, ceilings were designed so high to meet the scale of the same.

What are radiating chapels?

In a church, projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory of a semicircular or polygonal liturgical east end. See chevet. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture.

What were Roman basilicas used for?

In ancient Rome, basilicas were the site for legal matters to be carried out and a place for business transactions. Architecturally, a basilica typically had a rectangular base that was split into aisles by columns and covered by a roof. Main features were named when the church adopted the basilical structure.

Why are churches built facing east?

Liturgical east and west is a concept in the orientation of churches. … Traditionally churches are constructed so that during the celebration of the morning liturgy the priest and congregation face towards the rising sun, a symbol of Christ and the Second Coming.

What is Jesus on the cross called?

A crucifix (from Latin cruci fixus meaning “(one) fixed to a cross”) is an image of Jesus on the cross, as distinct from a bare cross. The representation of Jesus himself on the cross is referred to in English as the corpus (Latin for “body”).

What are the benches in church called?

A pew (/ˈpjuː/) is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church, synagogue or sometimes a courtroom.

What is the most important thing in a Catholic church?

The Mass, the formal, official worship service of Catholicism, is the most important and sacred act of worship in the Catholic Church. Going to Mass is the only way a Catholic can fulfill the Third Commandment to keep holy the Sabbath day and the only regular opportunity to receive the Holy Eucharist.

What is the room called where the priest gets dressed?

A sacristy is sometimes called a vestry, although this is more typically used for the room where priests change into their vestments, or the special robes they wear during church services. And while robes might be stored in a vestry, most other holy objects are kept in the sacristy.

What does the pouring of water symbolize in baptism?

Baptism Water Water is the Christian symbol of divine life as well as a sign of purity and cleansing from sin.

What is a tribune gallery?

gallery or tribune: An upper story over the aisle which opens onto the nave or choir. It corresponds in length and width to the dimensions of the aisle below it.