During her reign, Elizabeth I established Protestantism in England; defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588; maintained peace inside her previously divided country; and created an environment where the arts flourished. She was sometimes called the “Virgin Queen”, as she never married.
What happened during the Scientific Revolution? what changes resulted from the scientific revolution?.


What major events happened during the Elizabethan era?

  • 1558. Elizabeth I is crowned Queen. …
  • 1559. Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis. …
  • 1560. Treaty of Edinburgh. …
  • 1563. Statute of Artificers. …
  • 1566. Dutch Revolt. …
  • 1568. Genoese Loan. …
  • 1569. Revolt of the Northern Earls. …
  • 1570.
What was Elizabeth’s main concern during her reign?

An issue that troubled her reign for its entirety was her lack of a husband and heir, a situation which she and others realized could potentially ignite a successional crisis upon her death. Still, she never married, perhaps because she preferred to keep power to herself.

How did Queen Elizabeth 1 contribute to the renaissance?

She was responsible for English exploration of the New World and the flourishing of the economy, making England a world power. Her reign was also noted for the English Renaissance, an outpouring of poetry and drama. Elizabeth’s court also became a center for poets, musicians, writers, and scholars.

Why was Elizabeth 1 reign called the Golden Age?

Due to her desire to unite her subjects under one throne, her reign is marked as a time of peace. During this peace, she encouraged self-sufficiency in England through the growth of agriculture and trade. This newfound wealth ushered in England’s Golden Age.

Why was Queen Elizabeth 1 so important?

Elizabeth I is one of England’s greatest monarchs – perhaps the greatest. Her forces defeated the Spanish Armada and saved England from invasion, she reinstated Protestantism and forged an England that was a strong and independent nation.

How did Queen Elizabeth 1 maintain power?

Elizabeth had ultimate power in the land and she could appoint people to the most important jobs. She did this using a system of patronage and she used this system to maintain the loyalty and support of her subjects. The most important group of people was the Privy Council .

Who reigned after Elizabeth 1st?

James VI of Scotland was Elizabeth’s successor and became James I of England.

What was one result of Elizabeth’s acts of supremacy and uniformity?

Elizabeth’s reign The Act of Supremacy, passed by Parliament and approved in 1559, revived the antipapal statutes of Henry VIII and declared the queen supreme governor of the church, while the Act of Uniformity established a slightly revised version of the second Edwardian prayer book as the official…

When and why did Queen Elizabeth’s reign end?

Elizabeth I
The “Darnley Portrait” of Elizabeth I ( c. 1575)
Queen of England and Ireland (more…)
Reign17 November 1558 – 24 March 1603
Coronation15 January 1559
What was the most significant invention of the Elizabethan period and why?

The Elizabethan Period was the age of the Renaissance, of new ideas and new thinking. The introduction of the printing press during the Renaissance, one of the greatest tools in increasing knowledge and learning, was responsible for the interest in the different sciences and inventions – and the supernatural!

What are the key historical facts about the Elizabethan era?

  • 1 The Elizabethan Period Lasted 45 Years. …
  • 2 Shakespeare Published His First Play in the Elizabethan Era. …
  • 3 Elizabethan Society was Class-Based. …
  • 4 Cuisine Exploded During the Elizabethan Period. …
  • 5 Nobody Drank Water in Elizabethan England. …
  • 6 Witch Hysteria Occurred in Elizabethan England.
Was Queen Elizabeth IA virgin?

Elizabeth never married. … As a result of her aversion to matrimony, she began to be called the “Virgin Queen.” However, although it is clear that she never married, her status as a lifelong virgin is under considerable doubt.

Did Queen Elizabeth have black teeth?

Elizabeth had a notoriously sweet tooth, and had a particular taste for candied violets. Eventually, the sugar cane caused many of her teeth to go black.

What has Elizabeth accomplished?

  • Her service in World War II. …
  • The stability she brought. …
  • She guided the transformation to a commonwealth. …
  • She modernized the monarchy. …
  • She made the succession more equitable. …
  • She was the first British monarch to address congress. …
  • Her visit to the Republic of Ireland in 2011.
Why was local government significant during the reign of Elizabeth?

Local governments were important in Tudor England. Royal representatives (Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs, and Lords Lieutenant) were appointed in every county; they ensured that the queen’s commands and laws were obeyed. … They also had responsibilities, for they were meant to aid the monarch by governing their land.

What happened in Ireland during the Commonwealth period and why?

In Ireland, the Commonwealth period is remembered for Cromwell’s brutal subjugation of the Irish, which continued the policies of the Tudor and Stuart periods.

Who was king after James 1?

James died in 1625 and was succeeded by his son, who ruled as Charles I.

Why did Queen Elizabeth wear white makeup?

At the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign, women strived for a totally white face because it symbolised youth and fertility. It’s been argued that the desire for a white face had nothing to do with racism and everything to do with class — if a woman had a white face, it was a clear sign she had never had to work outdoors.

What changes did Elizabeth make?

1559: Queen Elizabeth wished to create a new moderate religious settlement derived from Henry VIII’s break from Rome. She established the Church of England in 1559.

What is the Act of Supremacy Queen Elizabeth 1?

The first Elizabethan Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy 1558, which declared Elizabeth the Supreme Governor of the Church of England, instituted an Oath of Supremacy, requiring anyone taking public or church office to swear allegiance to the monarch as head of the Church and state.

Which law did Queen Elizabeth I create during her reign?

1558 Act of Supremacy This act gave full ecclesiastical authority to the monarchy and abolished the authority of the Pope in England. This act restored a law that had previously been issued by Henry VIII in 1534, and partially repealed by Mary I in 1555.

Did Elizabeth 1 have a child?

Because Elizabeth I had no children, with her death came the end of the house of Tudor — a royal family that had ruled England since the late 1400s. The son of her former rival and cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots, succeeded her on the throne as James I.

Where is the Queen today?

Windsor Castle has been the home of British kings and queens for almost 1,000 years. It is an official residence of Queen Elizabeth II, whose standard flies from the Round Tower when Her Majesty is in residence.

How are Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth Related?

For Queen Elizabeth, the relation to Queen Victoria is through her father’s side. During Queen Victoria’s reign as the Queen of England from 1837 to 1901, she had nine children, four sons and five daughters, with her husband Prince Albert.

What did Elizabeth 1 invent?

England’s “virgin queen” invented gingerbread men to represent her suitors.

What major changes were happened in Elizabethan age?

It was an age of exploration and expansion abroad, while back at home, the Protestant Reformation became more acceptable to the people, most certainly after the Spanish Armada was repelled. It was also the end of the period when England was a separate realm before its royal union with Scotland.

What was the Elizabethan period during this period what were unexplained events blamed on?

During the Elizabethan era people blamed unexplainable events such as the Bubonic Plague, unexplained deaths or unpleasant illnesses – as the work of witches. Some of Shakespeare’s most well-known plays such as Macbeth, Hamlet, The Tempest and Julius Caesar were very much influenced by witchcraft and the supernatural.

How was life in the Elizabethan era?

Many turned to small crime, such as begging, picking pockets, and prostitution, simply to avoid starvation. There was little help for the sick, elderly, and orphans. The life expectancy, or average life span, of an Elizabethan was only 42 years, but it was much lower among the urban poor.

What was Elizabethan culture like?

People in the Elizabethan era believed marrying for love was silly and fanciful. However, Elizabethan England had its fun times, too. Games like chess and backgammon were popular, as were sports such as archery, horse-racing, and fencing. Feast days were frequent, both as religious practices and by royal decree.

Why did nobody drink water in the Elizabethan era?

Drinking water was avoided by most people as it was rarely ever clean and tasteless. Elizabethans were aware that water harboured disease (typhoid, cholera, and dysentery) and for this reason drank beer or ale made from malted barley, water, and added spices.

Why did Queen Elizabeth never marry?

Elizabeth is the only English queen never to marry. … Some historians think she chose not to marry in order to protect England’s security; she wanted to remain independent of any foreign influence which marrying a foreign prince would have brought.

Why was Queen Mary called Bloody Mary?

During Mary’s five-year reign, around 280 Protestants were burned at the stake for refusing to convert to Catholicism, and a further 800 fled the country. This religious persecution earned her the notorious nickname ‘Bloody Mary’ among subsequent generations.

Did the Tudors smell?

Given the lack of soap and baths and an aversion to laundering clothes, a Tudor by any other name would smell as rancid. … Made from rancid fat and alkaline matter; it would have irritated skin and was instead used to launder clothes and wash other objects.

Did Queen Elizabeth 1 have red hair?

Elizabeth’s red hair was no accident. For most of her life, Elizabeth wore wigs, so she might have chosen hair of any colour she liked, but she chose red; she was so committed to the shade that she is even supposed to have dyed the tails of her horses to match.