MULTIPLE SCHEDULE

: A multiple schedule is two or more basic schedules (CRF, FR, FI, VI, VR) presented sequentially in which each link ends with primary reinforcement (or in some cases extinction) and the component schedules are signaled by discriminative stimuli.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what is a mixed schedule of reinforcement?

mixed: two or more basic schedules of reinforcement (elements) that occur in an alternating, usually random, sequence; no discriminative stimuli are correlated with the presence or absence of each element of the schedule, and reinforcement is delivered for meeting the response requirements of the element in effect at

Beside above, what are the schedules of reinforcement? There are four types of partial reinforcement schedules: fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval and variable interval schedules. Fixed ratio schedules occur when a response is reinforced only after a specific number of responses.

In this regard, what is concurrent schedules of reinforcement?

CONCURRENT SCHEDULES OF REINFORCEMENT Two or more schedules of reinforcement (e.g., FR, VR, Fl, VI) are simultaneously available. Each alternative is associated with a separate schedule of reinforcement and the organism is free to distribute behavior to the schedules.

What is the difference between ratio and interval schedules of reinforcement?

Ratio schedules involve reinforcement after a certain number of responses have been emitted. Interval schedules involve reinforcing a behavior after an interval of time has passed. In a fixed interval schedule, the interval of time is always the same.

Related Question Answers

What is a mixed schedule?

MULTIPLE SCHEDULE (MULT)

: Reinforcement is programmed by two or more schedules alternating, usually at random, each schedule being accompanied by an appropriate stimulus as long as the schedule is in force.

What is fixed interval schedule?

In operant conditioning, a fixedinterval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed.

What is a compound schedule of reinforcement?

Compound schedule of reinforcement

Occurs when 2+ contingencies of reinforcement operate independently and simultaneously for 2+ behaviors.

How do you thin a schedule of reinforcement?

Thinning of reinforcement involves a graduallincrease in the amount of appropriate responses required for reinforcement. Reinforcement should move from a thick reinforcement schedule (continuous) to a thinner reinforcement schedule (variable), and should be completed in a systematic manner to avoid ratio strain.

What is a tandem schedule of reinforcement?

a schedule of reinforcement for a single response in which two or more schedule requirements must be completed in sequence before reinforcement occurs and no stimulus change accompanies completion of each requirement. Also called tandem schedule of reinforcement.

What is post reinforcement pause?

Postreinforcement pause is a pause in responding that typically occurs after the delivery of the reinforcer on fixed-ratio and fixed-interval schedules of reinforcement.

What are concurrent schedules of reinforcement give an example?

When each of two or more behaviors is reinforced on different schedules at the same time, the schedules of reinforcement that are in effect are called concurrent schedules of reinforcement. For example, a student is doing homework, watching TV, and talking on the phone at the same time.

What is ratio strain?

RATIO STRAIN. : The appearance of pauses in VR responding, or in FR responding at times other than after a reinforcer (cf. POSTREINFORCEMENT PAUSE); a result of large ratio size and/or low reinforcement frequency.

What is an example of a negative reinforcement?

The following are some examples of negative reinforcement:

Natalie can get up from the dinner table (aversive stimulus) when she eats 2 bites of her broccoli (behavior). Joe presses a button (behavior) that turns off a loud alarm (aversive stimulus)

What is simple discrimination?

In a simple discrimination in the intraverbal relation, a person can respond to only one verbal stimulus, such as responding, “Hello,” in the presence of “Hi.” But in a conditional discrimination in the intraverbal relation, a person must come under the control of two or more verbal stimuli.

What is variable interval schedule?

A variable interval schedule (VI) is a type of operant conditioning reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is given to a response after specific amount of time has passed (an unpredictable amount of time), but this amount of time is on a changing/variable schedule.

What is a concurrent schedule?

CONCURRENT SCHEDULES

: Two or more schedules independently arranged but operating at the same time, reinforcements being set up by both.

Why is reinforcement important?

Reinforcement plays a vital role in the operant conditioning process. When used appropriately, reinforcement can be an effective learning tool to encourage desirable behaviors and discourage undesirable ones. It's important to remember that what constitutes reinforcement can vary from one person to another.

Why do we use schedules of reinforcement?

Reinforcing a behavior increases the likelihood it will occur again in the future while punishing a behavior decreases the likelihood that it will be repeated. In operant conditioning, schedules of reinforcement are an important component of the learning process.

Which schedule of reinforcement works best?

A fixed-ratio schedule is predictable and produces a high response rate, with a short pause after reinforcement (e.g., eyeglass sales). Among the reinforcement schedules, variable-ratio is the most resistant to extinction, while fixed-interval is the easiest to extinguish.

What is a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement?

In operant conditioning, a fixedratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses. Skinner observed that the rate at which a behavior was reinforced, or the schedule of reinforcement, had an impact on the frequency and strength of the response.

What is primary reinforcement?

The reinforcers which are biologically important are called Primary Reinforcers. It is also referred as unconditional reinforcement. These reinforcers occur naturally without having to make any effort and do not require any form of learning. For example: food, sleep, water, air and sex.

What makes reinforcement more effective?

How does a contingency influence the effectiveness of reinforcement? A stimulus is more effective as a reinforcer when it is delivered contingent on the behavior. EO – Makes a reinforcer more potent and makes a behavior that produces the reinforcer more likely.