Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000. IPV is given by shot in the leg or arm, depending on the patient’s age. Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used in other countries.
Meaning of vax in English short for vaccine: a substance put into a person’s body to prevent them getting a disease: The three-year trial of the AIDS vax is intended to test whether it can protect people from infection from the H. I. V.
DTaP, DT, Td, and Tdap vaccines are safe and effective at preventing diphtheria and tetanus. DTaP and Tdap vaccine are safe and effective at preventing diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects.
MMR vaccine — protects against rubella, measles, and mumps.
Tdap vaccine — protects against whooping cough, diphtheria, and tetanus (for preteens, teens, and adults)
A potent toxic nerve agent of the organophosphate class. An extremely toxic nerve agent, the production and stockpiling of which was banned by the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993. The median lethal dose—LD50—for humans is less than 1.0 mg via skin contact.
The BCG vaccine protects against tuberculosis, which is also known as TB. TB is a serious infection that affects the lungs and sometimes other parts of the body, such as the brain (meningitis), bones, joints and kidneys.
DTaP vaccine can prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Diphtheria and pertussis spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through cuts or wounds.
DTaP produces fewer side effects and is a safer version of an older vaccine called DTP, which is no longer used in the United States. Tdap vaccine is licensed for people 10 years through 64 years of age. Tdap contains a lower concentration of diphtheria and pertussis toxoids than DTaP.
Tdap is a combination vaccine that protects against three potentially life-threatening bacterial diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough). Td is a booster vaccine for tetanus and diphtheria. It does not protect against pertussis. Tetanus enters the body through a wound or cut.
Tdap vaccine — protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (for preteens, teens, and adults) (Other Languages )
Rubella was distinguished from a more serious infectious disease, measles, or rubeola, in the early 19th century. It came to be called German measles in the latter part of the 19th century when the disease was closely studied by German physicians.
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. It is also called German measles, but it is caused by a different virus than measles.
|AVA||Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed|
|MMRV||Measles, Mumps, Rubella & Varicella Vaccine|
TB Vaccine (BCG) Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease. This vaccine is not widely used in the United States, but it is often given to infants and small children in other countries where TB is common.
The DT vaccine protects young children from diphtheria and tetanus. The Tdap vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough.
Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster vaccine (also known as Tdap) is a combination immunizing agent used to protect against infections caused by diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), and pertussis (whooping cough).
AbbreviationStands forHTNHypertensionIBDInflammatory bowel diseaseIBSIrritable bowel syndromeICDImplantable cardioverter defibrillator
The 6-in-1 vaccine used in the UK gives protection against these six serious diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis), polio, Hib disease (Haemophilus influenzae type b) and hepatitis B.
DPT Diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine.
MMR=measles, mumps, and rubella combination vaccine. MMRV = measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella combination vaccine. Measles=Rubeola. Measles = ”10-day,” “hard” and “red” measles. Rubella = also called “German” or “3-day” measles.
In the US by the mid-1980s, lawsuits related to vaccine safety led several manufacturers to withdraw their DTP vaccines and paved the way to the US National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act in 1986. This act provides funds to compensate for adverse events following immunization.
VaccineAbbreviation*Trade NameDiphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccines (P=Pediatric, A=Adult)Polio vaccinesInactivated poliovirus vaccineIPVIpolDiphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis adsorbed and inactivated poliovirus vaccineDTaP-IPVKinrix Quadracel
DPT: Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus vaccine. Today the more frequent abbreviation is DTP (for Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis vaccine).
Vaccines used today against diphtheria and tetanus (i.e., DT and Td) sometimes also include protection against whooping cough or pertussis (i.e., DTaP and Tdap). Babies and children younger than 7 years old receive DTaP or DT, while older children and adults receive Tdap and Td.
For adults not previously vaccinated with Tdap who need wound management care to prevent tetanus, Tdap is preferred over Td. For adults who have received an initial dose of Tdap, Tdap may be administered in any situations where Td only was previously recommended.
The vaccines are made up of tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis toxins that have been made nontoxic but they still have the ability to create an immune response. These vaccines do not contain live bacteria.
Td is only for children 7 years and older, adolescents, and adults. Td is usually given as a booster dose every 10 years, but it can also be given earlier after a severe and dirty wound or burn.
Tetanus Toxoid is used to prevent tetanus (also known as lockjaw). Tetanus is a serious illness that causes convulsions (seizures) and severe muscle spasms that can be strong enough to cause bone fractures of the spine. Tetanus causes death in 30 to 40 percent of cases.
DTaP (acellular pertussis) or DTwP (whole cell pertussis) vaccine should be used for first booster at 18 months while Tdap (low dose diphtheria and acellular pertussis) may be used for the second booster at 5 years and 10-15 years.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends hepatitis B vaccine for all persons 0–18 years of age. CDC also recommends hepatitis B vaccination for all adults who are in risk groups for hepatitis B virus infection, as well as for any adults who want to be protected from hepatitis B.
A positive rubella IgG test result is good—it means that you are immune to rubella and cannot get the infection. This is the most common rubella test done. Negative: This means you are not immune to rubella.
But the infection is dangerous for pregnant women because it can cause serious health problems in their babies. Rubella is caused by the rubella (roo-BELL-uh) virus (not the same virus that causes measles). It spreads when people breathe in virus-infected fluid.
Goldberg and his former graduate student Andrew Bennett discovered one of the new viruses in apparently healthy cyclops leaf-nosed bats, netted at night in Kibale National Park in Uganda. They named it ruhugu virus, after the Ruteete region of Uganda and the local word for bat.
Before the vaccine, mumps was the most common cause of both meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) and acquired deafness in the U.S. In men, mumps can infect the testicles, which can lead to infertility. Rubella is also known as German measles.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The virus spreads easily from people with chickenpox to others who have never had the disease or never been vaccinated. If one person has it, up to 90% of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected.
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include a low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body.