Together with plywood, lumber or oriented strand board (OSB), LVL can be used for many structural applications. Some of the most popular uses of LVL include I-joists, header, rimboards, truck bed decking, roadway signpost, beam, truss, special applications such as skateboards, and custom-made panels for marine uses.
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What are the main uses of LVL?

When should I use LVL? Laminated Veneer Lumber is ideal for a variety of uses inside the home, especially when it comes to maintaining a structure. This includes everything from rafters, headers, lintels, purlins, roof trusses, and formwork – in addition to window frames and steps.

Is LVL stronger than wood?

Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) studs can provide ultimate strength against wind and shear-loads and can be up to two and a half times stronger than standard framing lumber of the same dimension in compression and tension, which means a wood-framed house can be designed and constructed to withstand 100 mph or more .

What are some of the benefits of LVL?

  • The Strength of Steel. …
  • Consistency Means No Surprises. …
  • Lightweight for Safer, Easier Handing. …
  • Better Cost Control. …
  • Longer Lengths for Bigger Spans. …
  • Sustainably-Managed Timber is One of the Most Environmentally Friendly Materials Available.
What is laminated strand lumber used for?

What Is Laminated Strand Lumber (LSL)? LSL is suitable for a wide variety of residential construction applications. Its greater strength properties outperform traditional lumber when used as: headers and beams, wall stud applications, roof beams and rafters, truss chords, rim board, and stair stringers.

What is difference between LVL and plywood?

In general, LVL production is similar to that of structural plywood; however, the main difference between the two products is the grain orientation of each veneer.

What is the strongest engineered wood beam?

Power Beam® – 3000Fb – 2.1E – 300F Power Beam® is the strongest engineered wood product (EWP) on the market with design values of 3000Fb – 2.1E – 300Fv.

Is glulam the same as LVL?

LVL refers to a manufactured timber product made from thin veneers (often 3mm) glued together to form large structural members, often known as Hyspan or similiar. Glulam is made from thicker sections of timber, generally 15-45mm thick, glued together to form a large variety of products.

How far can you span LVL?

Due to its strength, an LVL beam can span up to 60 feet and is much stronger than traditional lumber. Generally, you can find LVL beams in 4-foot increments starting at 24 feet and going up to 44 feet long, with special orders up to 60 feet. LVL beam thickness is usually between 1 ¾ and 7 inches.

How far can a 2×12 LVL beam span?

A 2×12 with an E of 800,000 psi and Fb of 790 psi also works, since it can span 15 feet and 10 inches. Given a design span of 15 feet 1 inch and a 16 inch joist spacing, first determine which size lumber will work.

Can you use LVL beams outside?

LVL is not new, it has been a staple of indoor and unexposed building construction for years specifically for headers, beams, rim boards, and columns. … With LVL now being offered with pressure treatment, it is approved for outdoor decks.

How is LVL used in construction?

Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is an engineered wood product that uses multiple layers of thin wood assembled with adhesives. It is typically used for headers, beams, rimboard, and edge-forming material. … Due to its composite nature, it is much less likely than conventional lumber to warp, twist, bow, or shrink.

Are levels waterproof?

LVL is made from rotary-peeled veneers that are bonded together under heat and pressure into large panels that are cut into range of widths. Phenol-formaldehyde resins provide waterproof bonds.

What is the difference between LSL and LVL?

LSL is typically less expensive than other engineered wood beams. Due to its high allowable shear strength, LSL beams have the capacity for larger penetrations than other engineered wood beam options. … Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) is a commonly available engineered product that is manufactured similarly to PSL.

What is LVL timber?

LVL is what is known as an engineered structural timber product. They are manufactured by separating timber into veneers and using a structural adhesive to bond them together. Usually, the grain of every veneer is placed parallel to all of the other veneers.

What size does LVL come in?

LVL is available in lengths up to 24.4 m (80 ft), while more common lengths are 14.6 m (48 ft), 17 m (56 ft), 18.3 m (60 ft) and 20.1 m (66 ft). LVL can easily be cut to length at the jobsite. All special cutting, notching or drilling should be done in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.

Are LVL beams termite resistant?

Based on the weight loss and mortality rate, rubber wood LVL is the most resistant toward termites among the three species studied in the present work, followed by radiate pine and larch.

What is LVL framing?

The two most common engineered wood products used in modern framing are LVL beams and I-joists. Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is just what it sounds like: wood veneers (typically poplar, pine, or fir) laminated together under heat and pressure with a moisture-resistant resin.

How big of a LVL beam do I need?

Design a beam width based on the fact that the typical width of an LVL beam is 1 3/4 inches. The width can be increased by laminating in multiples of 1 3/4 inches. Beam width should be 1/4 to 1/3 beam depth.

Do LVL beams sag?

Your wood/LVL will sag much more. What you are describing is ultra typical when there is a point load above and they used LVL. I don’t know why cities keep allowing the use of LVL for anything more than 10 feet. It will look great and then year 2-3 it starts sagging… year 4-5 you get cracks and notice it…

Can LVL be used for columns?

A high performance more sustainable alternative to lumber, Murphy’s Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) beams, headers and columns are used in structural applications to carry heavy loads with minimum weight.

How much is a LVL beam?

TypePer Foot InstalledTotal Cost InstalledLVL Beam$50 – $200$800 – $2,500Steel I-Beam$100 – $400$1,200 – $4,200

Is an LVL stronger than a glulam?

It has been likened to laminated veneer lumber (LVL) as they are both similar in strength, although glulam offers wider design possibilities because of its aesthetics and a higher level of finish quality.

Can LVL beams be drilled?

Whenever possible, avoid drilling vertical holes through LVL beams unless the beam width is at least 3-1/2 inches. Prior to drilling any vertical holes, an engineer or architect qualified in wood design should be consulted.

Is glulam more expensive than steel?

Is glulam cheaper than steel? For a simple beam, spanning between supports, glulam is often cheaper than steel. … For fabricated structures glulam is usually a little more expensive than steel.

How big of a beam do I need to span 20 feet?

Wood beam size for a 20 foot span:- as per general thumb rule, for a 20 foot span, size of wood beam or lumber joist should be 2×14 which placed at 16″ apart from centre used for residential building or projects or construction in which depth of section of beam is 350mm (14″) and width of beam is 50 mm or 2″.

How much does LVL weight per foot?

Weight of LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)↓1/4 inch9-1/4″1 inch0.07 lbs2.631-3/4″0.13 lbs4.613-1/20.25 lbs9.22

How big of a beam do I need to span 16 feet?

Wood beam size for a 16 foot span:- as per general thumb rule, for a 16 foot span, size of wood beam or lumber joist should be 2×10 which placed at 16″ apart from centre used for residential building or projects or construction in which depth of section of beam is 250mm (10″) and width of beam is 50 mm or 2″.

How far can a 2X6 LVL span?

2-grade 2×6 joists can span up to 10 feet 9 inches from beam to beam when spaced the standard 16 inches apart with a maximum live load of 30 inches per square foot.

Can LVL be used for rafters?

LVL is often used for structural work for roofing including ridge beams, strutting beams, hanging beams, and valley or hip rafters. It can also be used for long span joists and floor bearers. It is also used for framing purposes including window and door framing.

Can you paint LVL beams?

NelsonPine LVL billets in standard thicknesses come with an industrial type finish that can have normal timber paint and stain systems satisfactorily applied to them. Enhancement of the visual appearance and coating adhesion can be achieved by relatively coarse sanding the surface prior to the first coat.

Are LVL pressure treated?

Microllam® LVL and TimberStrand® LSL is appropriate for dry-use applications only (generally not directly exposed to precipitation) and cannot be pressure treated. Neither product is suitable for the pressure treatment process due to material density and adhesive content.

Where are LVLs made?

The main raw material used to produce LVL is wood veneer of various grades and it has been used structurally for several years in Northern America and in many European countries. At present, there is only one manufacturer of LVL in Australia – Wesbeam!

What is 1.35 E design value?

ACHIEVING VALUE WITH 1.35E-RATING The E-Rating of engineered wood products identifies the modulus of elasticity (MOE) or the tendency of the product to deform along an axis when opposing forces are applied. A greater E-Rating means the product is more resistant to changing with force.

What are the different types of LVL beams?

  • Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) LVL is a widely used structural composite lumber product. …
  • Parallel Strand Lumber (PSL) …
  • Laminated Strand Lumber (LSL) …
  • Oriented Strand Lumber (OSL)
What type of wood beam is the strongest?

Perhaps the strongest wood beams made this way are Douglas fir. There may be a stronger wood, but I’m not aware of it. Today, lumber mills make beams like they make plywood. They use layers of solid wood that are glued together to make incredibly strong structural engineered timbers.