A medication (also called medicament, medicine, pharmaceutical drug, medicinal drug or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
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What is the use of drugs to treat a disease?

What Are Medicines? Medicines are chemicals or compounds used to cure, halt, or prevent disease; ease symptoms; or help in the diagnosis of illnesses. Advances in medicines have enabled doctors to cure many diseases and save lives.

What is it called when a drug has multiple uses?

Polypharmacy is most commonly defined as the use of five or more medications daily by an individual.

What do you mean by Therapeutics?

therapeutics, treatment and care of a patient for the purpose of both preventing and combating disease or alleviating pain or injury. The term comes from the Greek therapeutikos, which means “inclined to serve.”

What are the top 10 drugs?

  • Fentanyl. …
  • Heroin. …
  • Cocaine. …
  • Methadone. …
  • Oxycodone. …
  • Morphine. …
  • Methamphetamines (Meth) Methamphetamine, or Meth, classified as a Stimulant, has fluctuated in popularity. …
  • Xanax (Alprazolam) Closing out the list of the 10 most dangerous drugs is Xanax, or Alprazolam, a Benzodiazepine that helps treat anxiety.
What are the different types of drugs?

  • alcohol.
  • tobacco.
  • cannabis.
  • methamphetamines (e.g. MDMA) and other stimulants such as cocaine.
  • new psychoactive substances – synthetic drugs.
  • opioids, including heroin.
  • the non-medical use of prescription drugs.
Why is aspirin used?

Aspirin is used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as muscle aches, toothaches, common cold, and headaches. It may also be used to reduce pain and swelling in conditions such as arthritis. Aspirin is known as a salicylate and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

What is a pharmacodynamic drug?

Abstract. Pharmacodynamic drug-drug interactions (DDIs) occur when the pharmacological effect of one drug is altered by that of another drug in a combination regimen. DDIs often are classified as synergistic, additive, or antagonistic in nature, albeit these terms are frequently misused.

What is another name for polypharmacy?

multidrug regimenmultiple drug prescribing
multidrug therapymultiple drug therapy

What are the 3 most important properties of a drug?

The most important properties of an ideal drug are: effectiveness, safety, and selectivity.

What are some various types of drug therapy?

  • Methods to Administer Drugs.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Drug Therapies.
  • Biosimilars.
  • Watch and Wait.
  • Radiation Therapy.
  • Immunotherapy.
  • Vaccine Therapy.
What is the pharmacology of a drug?

Pharmacology is the study of how a drug affects a biological system and how the body responds to the drug. The discipline encompasses the sources, chemical properties, biological effects and therapeutic uses of drugs. These effects can be therapeutic or toxic, depending on many factors.

Which is the most powerful drug?

  • Clarithromycin. …
  • Clozapine. …
  • Cocaine. …
  • Colchicine. …
  • Cough Medicines. …
  • Digoxin. …
  • Heroin. Heroin is an illicit recreational Opioid drug made from Morphine. …
  • Semi-Synthetic Opioids. Common semi-Synthetic Opioids include Percocet, Vicodin, and OxyContin.
What are the 4 types of drugs?

  • Depressants. Some of the most commonly found types of drugs in society are depressants. …
  • Stimulants. Stimulants, such as caffeine or nicotine, work in the opposite manner. …
  • Opioids. The opioid addiction crisis has affected our society to a grave degree. …
  • Hallucinogens.
What is penicillin drug?

What is penicillin? Penicillin V is an antibiotic in the penicillin group of drugs. It fights bacteria in your body. Penicillin V is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as ear infections,. Penicillin V may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the 3 main drugs?

  • Stroke or heart attack.
  • Overdose.
  • Addiction.
  • Emotional issues, such as mood swings and paranoia.
What are the 8 types of drugs?

  • Stimulants.
  • Inhalants.
  • Cannabinoids.
  • Depressants.
  • Opioids.
  • Steroids.
  • Hallucinogens.
  • Prescription drugs.
What are the 7 types of drugs?

  • (1) Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants. CNS depressants slow down the operations of the brain and the body. …
  • (2) CNS Stimulants. …
  • (3) Hallucinogens. …
  • (4) Dissociative Anesthetics. …
  • (5) Narcotic Analgesics. …
  • (6) Inhalants. …
  • (7) Cannabis.
Is paracetamol an aspirin?

What is Paracetamol? Compared to aspirin, paracetamol is a relative newcomer on the painkilling scene. It was identified in the 19th century as a potential replacement for aspirin when natural sources of the drug became scarce.

What is disprin used for?

For the relief of mild to moderate pain in headaches including tension headaches, migraine headaches, toothache, neuralgia, period pains, rheumatic pain, lumbago and sciatica. To relieve the symptoms of influenza, feverishness, feverish colds and ease sore throats. Disprin Direct disperses on the tongue without water.

What is clopidogrel used for?

Clopidogrel is an antiplatelet medicine. It prevents platelets (a type of blood cell) from sticking together and forming a dangerous blood clot. Taking clopidogrel helps prevent blood clots if you have an increased risk of having them.

What is Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics?

Abstract. Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics are pharmaceutical disciplines useful to improve the outcome of drug therapies, assist drug product development, and establish pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics models and in vitro-in vivo correlations.

What is difference between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics?

The difference between pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) can be summed up pretty simply. Pharmacokinetics is the study of what the body does to the drug, and Pharmacodynamics is the study of what the drug does to the body.

What do you mean by agonist?

Agonist: A substance that acts like another substance and therefore stimulates an action. Agonist is the opposite of antagonist. Antagonists and agonists are key players in the chemistry of the human body and in pharmacology.

How many drugs is considered polypharmacy?

Polypharmacy, defined as regular use of at least five medications, is common in older adults and younger at-risk populations and increases the risk of adverse medical outcomes.

What should one avoid if they are taking antihypertensive medication?

  • Decongestants, such as those that contain pseudoephedrine.
  • Pain medicines (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
  • Cold and flu medicines. …
  • Some antacids and other stomach medicines. …
  • Some herbal remedies and dietary supplements.
What are the seven rights to check before administering medicines?

  • Right Medication. …
  • Right Child. …
  • Right Dose. …
  • Right Time. …
  • Right Route. …
  • Right Reason. …
  • Right Documentation.
What is paracetamol used?

Paracetamol is a common painkiller used to treat aches and pain. It can also be used to reduce a high temperature. It’s available combined with other painkillers and anti-sickness medicines. It’s also an ingredient in a wide range of cold and flu remedies.

What is drug partitioning?

a. Partition Coefficient. The partition coefficient is the measure of the lipophilicity of a drug and an indication of its ability to cross the cell membrane. It is defined as the ratio between un-ionized drug distributed between the organic and aqueous layers at equilibrium.

What makes a good drug?

Key aspects to be considered are a high unmet medical need (no drug is available or existing therapies have serious limitations with regard to efficacy or safety or both) and there is a reasonable market size. The full therapeutic potential of many drug targets is often not obvious at the time of their discovery.

What are the four goals of drug therapy?

The purpose of using drugs is to relieve symptoms, treat infection, reduce the risk of future disease, and destroy selected cells such as in the chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. The best treatment, however, may not require a drug at all.

What are the 6 classes of drugs?

  • When considering only their chemical makeup, there are six main classifications of drugs: alcohol, opioids, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, barbiturates, and hallucinogens. …
  • Classifications of drugs are also based on the various effects they have on the mind and on the body.
What is the study of drugs called?

Pharmacology is a branch of science that deals with the study of drugs and their actions on living systems – that is, the study of how drugs work in the body (sometimes referred to as ‘drug actions’).

Is Pharmacy and Pharmacology the same?

Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any human-made, natural or endogenous substance. Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing the drugs studied and produced by pharmacologists.

What is the oldest drug?

Opium has been known for millennia to relieve pain and its use for surgical analgesia has been recorded for several centuries. The Sumerian clay tablet (about 2100 BC) is considered to be the world’s oldest recorded list of medical prescriptions.

Which medicine leads to sudden death?

There is increasing suspicion that several drugs in four widely used classes of non-cardiovascular medications-fluoroquinolone and macrolide antibiotics, antipsychotics, and antidepressants– are pro-arrhythmic and thus increase the risk of sudden cardiac death.

Is sugar a drug?

Brain scans have confirmed that intermittent sugar consumption affects the brain in ways similar to certain drugs. A highly cited study in the journal Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews found that sugar—as pervasive as it is—meets the criteria for a substance of abuse and may be addictive to those who binge on it.

Which is the antibiotic?

An antibiotic is a type of antimicrobial substance active against bacteria. It is the most important type of antibacterial agent for fighting bacterial infections, and antibiotic medications are widely used in the treatment and prevention of such infections. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria.