Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.
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What exactly is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes quizlet?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune reaction that attacks cells in your pancreas that produce insulin and is caused by inherited genetics or environmental elements. Type 2 diabetes happens when your body becomes resistant to insulin and is associated with genetics and lifestyle choice.

What is Type 2 and Type 1 diabetes?

The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

Is type 2 diabetes serious?

Type 2 diabetes is a serious medical condition that often requires the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, the development of type 2 diabetes and its side effects (complications) can be prevented if detected and treated at an early stage.

What is the main cause of type 2 diabetes?

Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.

How do you know if its type 1 or 2 diabetes?

Blood tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fasting blood sugar, a hemoglobin A1C test, and a glucose tolerance test. The A1C test measures the average blood sugar level over the past few months. The glucose tolerance test measures blood sugar after a sugary drink is given.

Is type 2 diabetes genetic?

Type 2 diabetes has a stronger link to family history and lineage than type 1, and studies of twins have shown that genetics play a very strong role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Race can also play a role. Yet it also depends on environmental factors.

How is type 2 diabetes prevented?

  1. Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet. …
  2. Work Out Regularly. …
  3. Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage. …
  4. Lose Weight If You’re Overweight or Obese. …
  5. Quit Smoking. …
  6. Follow a Very-Low-Carb Diet. …
  7. Watch Portion Sizes. …
  8. Avoid Sedentary Behaviors.

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.
What Not To Eat With type 2 diabetes?

  • high fat meat (fatty cuts of pork, beef, and lamb, poultry skin, dark meat chicken)
  • full-fat dairy (whole milk, butter, cheese, sour cream)
  • sweets (candy, cookies, baked goods, ice cream, desserts)
  • sugar-sweetened beverages (juice, soda, sweet tea, sports drinks)
How Long Can You Live With Diabetes Type 2?

A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.

What foods are bad for type 2 diabetes?

  • Sugar-sweetened beverages. …
  • Trans fats. …
  • White bread, rice, and pasta. …
  • Fruit-flavored yogurt. …
  • Sweetened breakfast cereals. …
  • Flavored coffee drinks. …
  • Honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup. …
  • Dried fruit.
Is type 2 diabetes caused by sugar?

Though we know sugar doesn’t directly cause type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to get it if you are overweight. You gain weight when you take in more calories than your body needs, and sugary foods and drinks contain a lot of calories.

What is normal blood sugar by age?

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents
Age 6-12mg/dL
Fasting80-180
Before meal90-180
1-2 hours after eatingUp to 140
What is worse type 1 or 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is often milder than type 1. But it can still cause major health complications, especially in the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Type 2 also raises your risk of heart disease and stroke.

Who is most at risk for type 2 diabetes?

  • are overweight or obese.
  • are age 45 or older.
  • have a family history of diabetes.
  • are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
  • have high blood pressure.
What should I eat to control sugar?

  1. Broccoli and broccoli sprouts. Sulforaphane is a type of isothiocyanate that has blood-sugar-reducing properties. …
  2. Seafood. …
  3. Pumpkin and pumpkin seeds. …
  4. Nuts and nut butter. …
  5. Okra. …
  6. Flax seeds. …
  7. Beans and lentils. …
  8. Kimchi and sauerkraut.
How long will it take to reverse Type 2 diabetes?

How long does it take to reverse diabetes? There’s no set timeframe for when people with Type 2 diabetes may start to see their hard work pay off. In general, diabetes experts say with medication and lifestyle changes, diabetes patients could notice a difference in three to six months.

Is there a type 7 Diabetes?

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot : 71 Maturity-onset diabetes of the young 7: A form of diabetes that is characterized by an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, onset in childhood or early adulthood (usually before 25 years of age), a primary defect in insulin secretion and frequent insulin-independence at the beginning of the …

What are the 3 stages of diabetes?

stage 1: defined as DCBD insulin resistance; stage 2: defined as DCBD prediabetes; stage 3: defined as DCBD type 2 diabetes; and. stage 4: defined as DCBD vascular complications, including retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy, and/or type 2 diabetes-related microvascular events.

Are eggs OK for diabetics?

The American Diabetes Association considers eggs an excellent choice for people with diabetes. That’s primarily because one large egg contains about half a gram of carbohydrates, so it’s thought that they aren’t going to raise your blood sugar.

What is the best breakfast for a diabetic to eat?

  1. Eggs. Eggs are delicious, versatile, and a great breakfast choice for people with diabetes. …
  2. Greek yogurt with berries. …
  3. Overnight chia seed pudding. …
  4. Oatmeal. …
  5. Multigrain avocado toast. …
  6. Low carb smoothies. …
  7. Wheat bran cereal. …
  8. Cottage cheese, fruit, and nut bowl.
What is the one food that kills diabetes?

Bitter melon, also known as bitter gourd or karela (in India), is a unique vegetable-fruit that can be used as food or medicine.

Can walking cure diabetes?

Research studies have shown that walking can be beneficial in bringing down blood glucose and therefore improving diabetes control. In a study involving people with type 1 diabetes, participants were assigned to either take a 30 minute walk after eating or have the same meal but remain inactive.

How does type 2 diabetes make you feel?

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.

What can type 2 diabetes lead to if untreated?

If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.

Is banana good for diabetes?

Bananas are a safe and nutritious fruit for people with diabetes to eat in moderation as part of a balanced, individualized diet plan. A person with diabetes should include fresh, plant food options in the diet, such as fruits and vegetables. Bananas provide plenty of nutrition without adding many calories.

Is fruit good for diabetics?

While some forms of fruit, like juice, can be bad for diabetes, whole fruits like berries, citrus, apricots, and yes, even apples — can be good for your A1C and overall health, fighting inflammation, normalizing your blood pressure, and more.

What is the miracle fruit that cures diabetes?

MiraBurst is particularly beneficial for diabetics and borderline diabetics. MiraBurst can help diabetics and pre-diabetics improve their body’s sensitivity to their own insulin and manage blood sugar levels.

Can eating sweets cause diabetes?

Added sugars, especially from sugar-sweetened beverages, are strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. This is likely due to sugar’s direct effect on your liver, as well as its indirect effect of increasing body weight.

Can skinny people get type 2 diabetes?

You don’t have to be overweight or obese to get type 2 diabetes. In fact, you can have high blood sugar even if you look thin. Around 10% to 15% of people with type 2 diabetes are at a healthy weight. It’s called lean diabetes.

Does type 2 diabetes need insulin?

People with type 2 diabetes may require insulin when their meal plan, weight loss, exercise and antidiabetic drugs do not achieve targeted blood glucose (sugar) levels. Diabetes is a progressive disease and the body may require insulin injections to compensate for declining insulin production by the pancreas.