What should a nurse do before administering medication?

Prior to the administration of medications, the nurse must check and validate the medication order, and also apply their critical thinking skills to the ordered medication and the status and condition of the client in respect to the contraindications, pertinent lab results, pertinent data like vital signs, client …

How do you administer medication safely?

  1. Plan medication administration to avoid disruption: …
  2. Prepare medications for ONE patient at a time.
  3. Follow the SEVEN RIGHTS of medication preparation (see below).
  4. Check that the medication has not expired.
  5. Perform hand hygiene.
  6. Check room for additional precautions.
  7. Introduce yourself to patient.
What are the 7 steps of medication administration?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What is the nurse's role in administering these medications?

Nurses are primarily involved in the administration of medications across settings. Nurses can also be involved in both the dispensing and preparation of medications (in a similar role to pharmacists), such as crushing pills and drawing up a measured amount for injections.

What are the 3 Befores?

  • Right patient.
  • Right medication.
  • Right dose.
  • Right route.
  • Right time/frequency.
  • Right reason.
  • Right documentation.
  • Right response.
What are examples of nursing interventions?

Nursing interventions are actions taken by the nurse to achieve patient goals and get desired outcomes — for example, giving medications, educating the patient, checking vital signs every couple hours, initiating fall precautions, or assessing the patient’s pain levels at certain intervals.

What are the 3 safety checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What is a general rule for drug administration?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the 6 Rights and 3 checks of medication administration?

These 6 rights include the right patient, medication, dose, time, route and documentation. Futhermore, nurses are also urged to do the three checks; checking the MAR, checking while drawing up medication and checking again at bedside. It is important to check for allergies as well before administration.

What are the 10 rights of medication administration?

  • Right patient.
  • Right medication.
  • Right dose.
  • Right route.
  • Right time.
  • Right patient education.
  • Right documentation.
  • Right to refuse.
What are the 10 rights of the patient?

  • The Right to Be Treated with Respect.
  • The Right to Obtain Your Medical Records.
  • The Right to Privacy of Your Medical Records.
  • The Right to Make a Treatment Choice.
  • The Right to Informed Consent.
  • The Right to Refuse Treatment.
  • The Right to Make Decisions About End-of-Life Care.
What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

  • Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. …
  • Sublingual. …
  • Rectal administration. …
  • Topical administration. …
  • Parenteral administration. …
  • Intravenous injection.
What are the 5 R's in nursing?

To ensure safe drug administration, nurses are encouraged to follow the five rights (‘R’s; patient, drug, route, time and dose) of medication administration to prevent errors in administration.

What are the main responsibilities of a nurse?

  • Conduct physical exams.
  • Take detailed health care histories.
  • Listen to patients and analyze their physical and emotional needs.
  • Provide counseling and health care education to patients.
  • Coordinate care with other health care providers and specialists.
What is a nurse's role?

  • Record medical history and symptoms.
  • Collaborate with teams to plan for patient care.
  • Advocate for the health and wellbeing of patients.
  • Monitor patient health and record signs.
  • Administer medications and treatments.
  • Operate medical equipment.
  • Perform diagnostic tests.