The xiphoid process
What’s at the very bottom of the ocean? what is the bottom of the ocean called.

Contents

What organ is at the end of the sternum?

One important organ in the chest is the thymus, a small butterfly-shaped organ located between the heart and the sternum, or breastbone. This organ belongs to the immune system, and its job is to produce T cells, a type of white blood cell.

Why does the end of my sternum hurt?

Costochondritis is the most common cause The most common cause of sternum pain is a condition called costochondritis. This occurs when the cartilage that connects your ribs to your sternum becomes inflamed. Symptoms of costochondritis include: sharp pains or aches on the side of your sternum area.

What is the lump just below my sternum?

An epigastric hernia usually causes a bump to occur in the area below your sternum, or breastbone, and above your belly button. This bump is caused by a mass of fat that has pushed through the hernia. The raised area may be visible all the time or only when you cough, sneeze, or laugh.

Can you feel your Xiphoid bone?

Xiphoid Process – Normal Lump at Bottom of Breastbone: The small hard lump at the lower end of the sternum (breastbone) is normal. It is called the xiphoid process. You can feel it. It is more prominent in babies and slender children.

What does a tumor on sternum feel like?

Symptoms of Chest Wall Tumors People with malignant chest wall tumors might experience one or more of the following: Pain or soreness. Swelling. Impaired movement or chest expansion.

What is Tietze's syndrome?

Tietze syndrome is a rare, inflammatory disorder characterized by chest pain and swelling of the cartilage of one or more of the upper ribs (costochondral junction), specifically where the ribs attach to the breastbone (sternum). Onset of pain may be gradual or sudden and may spread to affect the arms and/or shoulders.

What causes costochondritis to flare up?

Costochondritis can be aggravated by any activity that places stress on your chest area, such as strenuous exercise or even simple movements like reaching up to a high cupboard. Any activity that makes the pain in your chest area worse should be avoided until the inflammation in your ribs and cartilage has improved.

What are six common non cardiac causes of chest pain?

In most people, non-cardiac chest pain is related to a problem with the esophagus, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease. Other causes include muscle or bone problems, lung conditions or diseases, stomach problems, stress, anxiety, and depression.

How do you fix costochondritis?

  1. Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs pain relievers. Ask your doctor about using ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others).
  2. Heat or ice. Try placing hot compresses or a heating pad on the painful area several times a day. …
  3. Rest.
What is at the bottom of your rib cage in the middle?

The diaphragm is a mushroom-shaped muscle that sits beneath your lower-to-middle rib cage. It separates your abdomen from your thoracic area. Your diaphragm helps you breathe by lowering when you inhale, in that way, allowing your lungs to expand.

What is epigastric?

The upper part of your abdomen, which sits below your rib cage, is known as the epigastrium. Your pancreas sits within the epigastrium, as well as parts of your small intestine, stomach and liver. Pain or discomfort below your ribs in this area of the upper abdomen is called epigastric pain.

What is the lump under my rib cage?

The most common reason for a lump forming on the ribs is something known as a lipoma, which is a collection of fatty tissue. This type of lump can lie beneath the surface of the skin covering a rib. They are usually painless, freely mobile under your fingers and stay the same over time.

Can you feel the end of your sternum?

Your sternum is a flat bone that’s located in the middle of your torso. If you place your fingers at the center of your chest, you can feel it.

What does pectus Carinatum mean?

Pectus carinatum is a genetic disorder of the chest wall. It makes the chest jut out. This happens because of an unusual growth of rib and breastbone (sternum) cartilage . The bulging gives the chest a birdlike appearance. That’s why the condition is sometimes called pigeon breast or pigeon chest.

What is a sternal mass?

Primary malignant tumors of the sternum generally fall into two categories: solid tumors, which include primary bony or cartilaginous tumors and soft tissue sarcomas, and small cell tumors, which are usually systemic but may present as a localized sternal mass.

Do Xrays show tumors?

An X-ray can detect broken bones, tumors, and even an object that is lodged inside the body. (Radiologists and technicians have found the strangest objects inside human bodies.)

Can a tumor cause costochondritis?

Tumors. Noncancerous and cancerous tumors can cause costochondritis. Cancer might travel to the joint from another part of the body, such as the breast, thyroid or lung.

What autoimmune disease causes costochondritis?

The Costochondritis–Rheumatoid Arthritis Connection While the chest pain may be related to an inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, it can also be partially caused by noninflammatory conditions, such as fibromyalgia.

Does anxiety cause costochondritis?

Stress and Anxiety Although there is no confirmed link between anxiety or stress and costochondritis, these emotional states may be to blame for other underlying causes of chest pain. People who have panic disorder often report shortness of breath and chest pain as symptoms.

Can low vitamin D cause costochondritis?

Vitamin D deficiency Low levels of vitamin D can cause the costochondral junctions in the rib to grow, and this can potentially cause costochondritis.

How does costochondritis feel?

Most people describe the pain as sharp, achy, and pressure-like. It usually gets worse if you breathe deeply or move your upper body. When you press on your chest, it feels tender and painful.

Is costochondritis a serious condition?

Costochondritis doesn’t always have a specific cause, but it’s most often a result of a chest injury, strain from physical activity, or joint conditions like osteoarthritis. Costochondritis isn’t a serious condition and shouldn’t cause you to be concerned.

Does costochondritis show up on xray?

An X-ray or other imaging studies will not show signs of costochondritis. Doctors can usually diagnose a child, adolescent, or young adult by asking questions about their medical history and by conducting a physical exam. The doctor will often check for tenderness in the chest cartilage, as part of this.

What can mimic angina?

It continues until relieved by rest or special medicine. My best bet from this distance is that your pain results from one of a long list of ailments that can mimic angina. That list includes rib inflammation, spinal arthritis, and pleuritis (lung lining inflammation).

What is pericarditis disease?

Pericarditis is swelling and irritation of the thin, saclike tissue surrounding your heart (pericardium). Pericarditis often causes sharp chest pain and sometimes other symptoms. The chest pain occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other.

What does trapped gas in chest feel like?

Trapped gas can feel like a stabbing pain in your chest or abdomen. The pain can be sharp enough to send you to the emergency room, thinking it’s a heart attack, or appendicitis, or your gallbladder. Producing and passing gas is a normal part of your digestion.

How long does it take to recover from costochondritis?

Costochondritis most often goes away on its own in a few days or weeks. It can also take up to a few months.

Will I have costochondritis forever?

Pain from this condition can last for a long time because, as a person begins to feel better, he or she may forget to protect the joint and reinjure it. But it’s extremely rare for the pain to last for years.

What is the best sleeping position for costochondritis?

Other than taking medications for pain and inflammation, what I find helps is not to sleep on the side affected, and try not to sleep on back or stomach. When sleeping on other side prop up your ribs with a pillow this will give them support throughout the night.

What does pain under the right rib cage mean?

A sudden, sharp pain under the right rib cage can be a sign of gallstones. These are small stones of bile or cholesterol that are made in the gallbladder (a small organ located just below the liver). Gallstones are common in adults but don’t usually cause symptoms.

Why do I wake up with my ribs hurting?

Rib cage pain is a common complaint that can be caused by factors, ranging from a fractured rib to lung cancer. The pain associated with the rib cage may be sudden and sharp or dull and aching. Many cases of rib cage pain are not linked to serious conditions and resolve on their own or with minimal treatment.

What does pancreatic pain feel like?

The most common symptom of both acute and chronic pancreatitis is pain in the upper abdominal area, usually under the ribs. This pain: May be mild at first and get worse after eating or drinking. May become constant, severe, and last for several days.

What is gnawing pain?

You’ve probably experienced gnawing, painful feelings in your stomach at some point, in the upper left side of your abdomen. These are commonly known as hunger pangs. Hunger pangs, or hunger pains, are caused by strong contractions of the stomach when it’s empty.

Does GERD cause rib pain?

Signs more typical of heartburn include: You have a sharp, burning feeling just below your breastbone or ribs. The chest pain can be accompanied by an acidic taste in your mouth, regurgitation of food, or a burning in your throat. Pain generally doesn’t spread to your shoulders, neck, or arms, but it can.

What is epigastric mass?

Stomach cancer can cause a mass in the left-upper abdomen in the stomach area (epigastric) if the cancer is large. Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) can cause a round, lumpy mass above the pelvis in the lower abdomen (sometimes can be felt if the fibroids are large). Volvulus can cause a mass anywhere in the abdomen.

Are tumors hard or soft?

In fact, tumors may feel hard from the outside, but research has shown that individual cells within the tissue aren’t uniformly rigid, and can even vary in softness across the tumor. However, cancer researchers didn’t understand how a tumor could be both rigid and soft at the same time, until now.

What does a rib tumor feel like?

Progressive pain is the main symptom, localized at the tumor site. It is usually a dull pain, sometimes worse at night and is not relieved with salicylates, as it occurs with osteoid osteomas. The involved bone may be expanded and appear as a palpable mass with associated tenderness and swelling.

How do you relieve sternum pressure?

Over-the-counter anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) or a painkiller such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), may be used. Popping may go away along with the inflammation over time. Rest can also help, though this is difficult to achieve with the joints associated with the sternum.

Can you live without a sternum?

Removal of the sternum creates some instability to the rib cage, but most patients do well without an intact sternum. It does, however, create a large space which the overlying skin alone cannot close. The body will fill any such empty space, called dead space, with clotted blood, serum or lymph.

Is sternum pain serious?

While sternum pain is not usually serious, there are some causes of sternum pain that require immediate medical attention. A person should seek emergency medical attention if the pain: started as a result of direct trauma. is accompanied by heart attack symptoms.