Plant small transplants of asparagus, early potatoes, lettuce, radish, mustard, onions, peas, rhubarb, spinach, turnips, cauliflower, carrots, and all other cool-season crops as weather permits. Plant midseason potatoes in mid-April. Plant strawberries and pinch off first-year flowers to develop strong root systems.
It is OK to start planting trees, shrubs, perennials and ground covers in early spring, as long as the soil conditions permit. For instance, there are some shady areas in my garden that still have frost in the ground — avoid working the soil in any areas that are still frozen or too wet.
The hardiest of flowers can be planted as soon as the soil in your garden can be worked, even if it’s several weeks before the last frost of the season. For half-hardy flowers, hold off until a couple weeks before the final frost, and for tender flowers, plant when there’s no chance of frost for the rest of the season.
|Crop||Based on Frost Dates Based on Moon Dates|
|Start Seeds Indoors||Plant Seedlings or Transplants|
|Bell Peppers||Feb 6-20 Feb 6-16||Apr 25-May 9 Apr 30-May 9|
|Broccoli||Feb 20-Mar 6 Mar 2- 6||Mar 21-Apr 11 Apr 1-11|
|Cabbage||Feb 20-Mar 6 Mar 2- 6||Mar 21-Apr 4 Apr 1- 4|
The term “Early Spring” is a different time of year for every garden zone and part of the world. Early spring is a loose term for that time of the year when you are experiencing thaws, the temperatures are staying mainly over freezing, and the soil is thawed enough to work with again.
The Best Time to Plant Your Garden For most of the United States, the best time to start spring crops is, well, now. But to get more exact planting recommendations based on your area, use this handy calendar. (As a general rule, you should plant hardy greens and cole crops a few weeks before your final frost.)
|Vegetable||Hardiness||Recommended planting period for central Illinois (b)|
|Kale||Hardy||Apr. 1-30 July 1-Aug.1|
|Kohlrabi||Hardy||Mar. 25-Apr. 5 Aug. 1-10|
|Lettuce, leaf||Half-hardy||Mar. 25-May 15 Aug. 15-Sept. 15|
|Muskmelon||Very tender||May 10-June 15|
Perennials can be planted any time during the growing season. In fact, you can plant them right up until the ground freezes. For the best results, though, you should plant them in either the spring or the fall.
Most flowers should be planted after your region’s last frost date. Planting flowers in spring is the most popular time, but perennials do fine if planted in early fall in the North and late fall in the South.
Most house plants be put outside between May and September. Timings do vary around the country and from year to year, so to be safe, wait until about 2-4 weeks since the last frost. If your garden is exposed, then you may also choose to wait a little later.
Tender annuals, also called true annuals, have no tolerance for frost and must be planted in the spring when nighttime temperatures are above 55 degrees, when all danger of frost is past.
The ideal or optimal soil temperature for planting and growing most vegetables is 65° to 75°F. The ideal or optimal soil temperature for planting and growing most vegetables is 65° to 75°F. Vegetable seeds and seedlings require minimum soil temperatures to germinate and grow.
These plants grow and flower best in the warm months of late spring, summer, and early fall; they’re cold tender and may perish in a late frost if planted too early in spring. … You can start annuals from seed sown in pots or directly in the garden, or you can buy started plants at a nursery.
When to Start Seeds in Illinois In most cases, the best time to start seeds is approximately six weeks prior to the last frost date. In both Bloomingdale and Carpentersville, that lands somewhere around May 21-31 every year.
Considered a warm-season crop because plants need warm soil and frost-free nights, tomatoes are best planted outdoors after mid-May in the Chicago area. Even then you might need to cover plants, which is why many gardeners wait until after Memorial Day to plant.
Sow lettuces, tomatoes, salads and cauliflowers under cover. Outside, you can sow peas, carrots, beetroot, summer and autumn cabbages, herbs, leeks, spinach, turnips, spring onions, broad beans, Brussels sprouts and parsnips. This is also a good time to start planting out early potatoes, onions, garlic and shallots.
While most people tend to do their planting in the spring, you’ll save quite a bit more, if you wait until fall. Nurseries and garden centers will be eager to clear out the remains of this year’s inventory, so you can expect to find lots of clearance tags, and may even find that there’s room to negotiate.
April is the best time to plant most of your vegetable seeds after your last frost. It’s still not too late to plant tomatoes and peppers from seeds as well. Be sure to check your gardening zone for last frost dates.
The experts at Fine Gardening recommend planting warm season crops like peppers and tomatoes after the threat of frost is past. Keep an eye on the weather reports, and wait until the night temperatures are steady at 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
Planting. You can continue (or start) planting any early-season crops, plus tomatoes, squash, melons, eggplant, peppers, sweet corn, cucumbers, potatoes, and herbs. Water and mulch any new transplants with care. If choosing to sow directly in the garden, start your carrots, beets, and radishes.
Harvest time60-80 daysSpacing3 inchesGermination time6-21 daysLight preferencesSun or partial shadeBest companionPeas, lettuce, tomatoes
For the Spring: Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 9, assuming the ground can be worked, but it’s better to start them indoors around February 10 and then transplant them into the garden around March 31. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.
Illinois planting zones fall between 5a and 7a, with the northern part of the state being at the lower end of the range.
“Some people plant potatoes in early April, but the sprouts can be frost-damaged,” Hilgenberg says. “I prefer to wait until about May 1 when the soil is dryer and warmer.” Potatoes are grown from “seed” potatoes—small tubers with “eyes” that sprout leaves.
Perennials are best planted in spring (March to early May) or autumn (late September to October), while the ground is moist.
You can transplant perennials anytime until the ground freezes in the fall, or wait to transplant them in the spring. Fall is an excellent time to transplant herbaceous perennials because your plants will then have three seasons to establish a good root system before hot summer weather sets in next year.
When To Plant Perennials The best times for planting perennial flowers are during the spring and fall. Planting during these seasons will ensure your plants grow healthy and strong. In the spring, you have warmer soil, plenty of rainfall, and longer days with more sunlight. Planting in the fall also has its advantages.
- Asters. Asters produce pretty daisy-like flowers in a range of colors and, depending on the species, are frost tolerant. …
- Cabbage and Kale. …
- Calendula. …
- Chrysanthemum. …
- Cosmos. …
- Daisies. …
In mid to late May, once no more frosts are forecast, dahlias can be planted out into the garden. Before you do this, you may need to remove some shoots from the tuber, leaving around five remaining. It feels harsh, but it will encourage bushy plants that will produce lots of flowers.
- Shrub or Small Tree: Smoke Tree. …
- Flowering Perennial: Peony. …
- Tree: Hawthorn. …
- Groundcover: Liriope. …
- Ornamental Grass: Feather Reed Grass. …
- Ornamental Grass: Ribbon Grass. …
- Ornamental Grass: Fescue. …
- Tree: Thornless Honeylocust.
Wait until nighttime temperatures are consistently above 55 degrees and there is no danger of frost. Move houseplants to your porch or patio gradually; you don’t want to shock them with a sudden change in their environment.
It is safe to move your plants outside when the outdoor temperatures stay consistently above 50 degrees. Pay attention to the weather report. If nighttime temperatures are set to fall below 50 degrees, bring them in for the night.
Pay attention to temperature To be safe, wait a month after the last frost to even consider putting houseplants outside. Some advice says that your plants will be okay once the nighttime temperature is consistently above 55 degrees F.
Warm-Season Annuals The plants, typically summer- or early fall-blooming species, can sometimes survive night temperatures in the 40 to 50 F range. To ensure survival, it is a good idea to protect the newly planted specimens with plastic or fleece if night temperatures fall between 32 to 45 F.
Early Spring – As Soon as the Ground is Workable Bareroot perennials, as long as they are dormant, can be planted now. Very cold tolerant annuals such as violas, primroses and pansies can be planted, they must be hardened-off in order to survive.
All houseplants living outside for the summer need to be brought back indoors before overnight temperatures dip below 45 degrees. … Tropical plants may suffer harm even before this, so bring them inside a bit earlier, when temperatures drop below 50 degrees.
Cool-season crops can be planted when the soil and air temperatures are at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit. … Hardy vegetables tolerate cold temperatures the best—their seeds will germinate in cool soil, and seedlings can typically survive heavy frost.
Tomatoes run on warmth; plant in late spring and early summer except in zone 10, where they are a fall and winter crop. … Give each plant enough room to grow. Space robust, long-vined, indeterminate varieties about 3 feet apart. Stockier determinate plants can be grown 2 feet apart.
A 40°F (or 4.444°C) temperature isn’t fatal to tomato plants. What is this? So, yes, your tomato plants will survive at 40°F temperature. In fact, tomato plants can survive temperatures down to 33 degrees Fahrenheit (or 0.5556°C).
Bedding plants are not hardy, and shouldn’t be planted until after the last frost of the year. You’ll spot bedding plants in shops and garden centres from March, but that doesn’t mean they’re all ready to be planted from March. Normally, frost doesn’t completely pass until May.