When was the Sphinx discovered? is the sphinx 26,000 years old.
The main cause of the Spanish Civil War, was the failure of Spanish democracy. This was because there was a refusal by the Spanish parties and groups to compromise and respect democratic norms.
The Nationalists won the war, which ended in early 1939, and ruled Spain until Franco’s death in November 1975.
In January 1939, its capital, Barcelona, was captured, and soon after the rest of Catalonia fell. With the Republican cause all but lost, its leaders attempted to negotiate a peace, but Franco refused. On March 28, 1939, the victorious Nationalists entered Madrid in triumph, and the Spanish Civil War came to an end.
Spain quickly erupted into civil war. The left side, known as the Republicans, was formed by the Spanish government together with unions, communists, anarchists, workers, and peasants. On the other side were the Nationalists, the rebel part of the army, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, and, generally, the upper classes.
Who fought in the Spanish Civil War? The main antagonists were the Nationalists under Gen. Francisco Franco and the Republicans under Francisco Largo Caballero and, later, Juan Negrín. The Nationalists were supported by Mussolini’s Italy and Nazi Germany.
No foreign conflict has had a greater impact on modern British politics than the Spanish Civil War (1936-9). It served to galvanize political activity in Britain, both in support of the Republican government and of Franco’s Nationalist rebels.
With the death of Franco on 20 November 1975, Juan Carlos became the King of Spain. He initiated the country’s subsequent transition to democracy, ending with Spain becoming a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament and autonomous devolved governments.
During World War II, the Spanish State under Francisco Franco espoused neutrality as its official wartime policy. Spain was still recovering from its civil war and Franco knew his armed forces would not be able to defend the Canary Islands and Spanish Morocco from a British attack. …
But Hemingway had had enough of the Spanish Civil War, which had changed him, and he never again fought, as a writer, for a cause.
Though the Spanish Civil War is viewed as a proving ground for World War II, that’s not strictly true. The mountainous Spanish terrain precluded the massed tank attacks and deep-penetration mechanized offensives of World War II. But it did provide invaluable experience to Hitler’s military, especially the Luftwaffe.
The Republicans’ greatest achievement was that they actually managed to resist for so long against a superior foe. They lacked in training, weapons, equipment and organisation, which brought about their downfall, but they fought extremely hard in the most intense conflict of the interwar period.
According to scholars, the democratization process kickstarted after the death of the dictator Francisco Franco, in November 1975. Historians disagree on the exact date the transition was completed: some say it ended after the 1977 general election, while others place it later, when the 1978 Constitution was approved.
|Ideology||Republicanism Anti-fascism Factions: Progressivism Secularism Communism Socialism Liberalism Radicalism Social liberalism Social democracy Anarcho-syndicalism Basque nationalism Catalan nationalism|
|Allies||Soviet Union Mexico French Third Republic|
The governments of the Soviet Union and, to a lesser extent, France and Mexico, aided the Republicans, also called Loyalists, of the Second Spanish Republic.
About 700 Irish volunteers fought on the side of Franco during the Spanish Civil War.
Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.
Homage to Catalonia is George Orwell’s personal account of his experiences and observations fighting in the Spanish Civil War for the POUM militia of the Republican army.
The war has lasted two years and 254 days; as many as one million lives have been lost, either directly through combat or as a result of privation. Franco establishes a dictatorship that would endure until his death on November 20, 1975.
The United States signed the pact with Spain during the first year of the Eisenhower administration. In exchange for the bases, Franco received military assistance, some economic support and, most important, the implied moral backing of the United States. The clandestine democratic opposition in Spain was in despair.
Nazi support for General Franco was motivated by several factors, including as a distraction from Hitler’s central European strategy, and the creation of a Spanish state friendly to Germany to threaten France. It further provided an opportunity to train men and test equipment and tactics.
The Catholic Church: The Church triumphant. The Catholic Church was the institution that most benefitted from Franco’s victory. Its hierarchy had blessed the Nationalist uprising as a crusade and had justified the war to the world as an “armed plebiscite.” Now it reaped the reward.
Franco also outlawed unions and all religions except for Catholicism, as well as banning the Catalan and Basque languages. To enforce his power over Spain, he established a vast network of secret police.
Spain is a multi-party constitutional parliamentary democracy. According to the constitution, political parties are the expression of political pluralism, contributing to the formation and expression of the will of the people, and are an essential instrument of political participation.
Turkey remained neutral until the final stages of World War II and tried to maintain an equal distance between both the Axis and the Allies until February 1945, when Turkey entered the war on the side of the Allies against Germany and Japan.
According to Schäfer, a historian from the Martin Luther University in Germany, one of the main reasons why Switzerland was not invaded was because of the ceasefire between France and Germany, which France was forced to accept following the German offensive in May and June 1940.
Germany had all to lose and nothing to gain on attacking Sweden. Sweden was a highly industrialized and a large but sparsely inhabitated country, and attacking Sweden would have led into a just as bitter fight as the Soviets faced in Finland. Sweden had a good army, good air force and it was prepared to war.
Although Hemingway was initially opposed to American involvement in the war, his work as a correspondent in Spain caused him to abandon his former isolationist stance and become an active proponent for military intervention in Spain.
The phrase “for whom the bell tolls” comes from a short essay by the seventeenth-century British poet and religious writer John Donne. Hemingway excerpts a portion of the essay in the epigraph to his novel.
Legacy and Commemoration. Approximately 500,000 soldiers and civilians died during the Spanish Civil War. Canadian losses were between 400 and 750. When the survivors returned to Canada in early 1939, they were celebrated by well-wishers but received no official welcome.
Spain remained neutral throughout World War I between 28 July 1914 and 11 November 1918, and despite domestic economic difficulties, it was considered “one of the most important neutral countries in Europe by 1915”.
German forces employed some tactics associated with blitzkrieg in the Spanish Civil War in 1936 and the invasion of Poland in 1939, including combined air-ground attacks and the use of Panzer tank divisions to quickly crush the poorly equipped Polish troops.
The current Spanish royal family consists of the present king, King Felipe VI, the queen consort, Queen Letizia, their children Leonor, Princess of Asturias and Infanta Sofía of Spain, and the king’s parents, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía.
Hispania, in Roman times, region comprising the Iberian Peninsula, now occupied by Portugal and Spain. The origins of the name are disputed.
Spain has been invaded and inhabited by many different peoples. The peninsula was originally settled by groups from North Africa and western Europe, including the Iberians, Celts, and Basques.
The Spanish Republic (Spanish: República Española), historiographically referred to as the First Spanish Republic, was the political regime that existed in Spain from 11 February 1873 to 29 December 1874. The Republic’s founding ensued after the abdication of King Amadeo on 10 February 1873.
Despite the country’s long-lasting schools of republican movements, the government of Spain has been organized as a republic during only two short periods in its history, which totaled 9 years and 8 months of republican government.