Where is Genly AI from? why did estraven invite genly to dinner?.
|Eukaryotic cell||Prokaryotic cell|
|Genetic material||DNA in a nucleus – plasmids are found in a few simple eukaryotic organisms||DNA is a single molecule, found free in the cytoplasm – additional DNA is found on one or more rings called plasmids|
|Type of cell division||Mitosis||Binary fission|
The nucleus holds the eukaryotic cell’s DNA. Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus; rather, they have a membraneless nucleoid region (open part of the cell) that holds free-floating DNA, according to Washington University. The entire DNA in a cell can be found in individual pieces known as chromosomes.
In eukaryotes, the cell’s genetic material, or DNA, is contained within an organelle called the nucleus, where it is organized in long molecules called chromosomes.
The DNA of bacterial cells is found loose in the cytoplasm. It is called chromosomal DNA and is not contained within a nucleus. Bacteria also have small, closed-circles of DNA called plasmids present in their cytoplasm.
- Spherical: Bacteria shaped like a ball are called cocci, and a single bacterium is a coccus. Examples include the streptococcus group, responsible for “strep throat.”
- Rod-shaped: These are known as bacilli (singular bacillus). …
- Spiral: These are known as spirilla (singular spirillus).
Prokaryote, also spelled procaryote, any organism that lacks a distinct nucleus and other organelles due to the absence of internal membranes. Bacteria are among the best-known prokaryotic organisms. The lack of internal membranes in prokaryotes distinguishes them from eukaryotes. … Some prokaryotes have flagella.
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, while prokaryotic cells do not. Differences in cellular structure of prokaryotes and eukaryotes include the presence of mitochondria and chloroplasts, the cell wall, and the structure of chromosomal DNA.
Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have structures in common. All cells have a plasma membrane, ribosomes, cytoplasm, and DNA.
Cells that lack a nucleus are called prokaryotic cells and we define these cells as cells that do not have membrane-bound organelles. So, basically what we’re saying is that eukaryotes have a nucleus and prokaryotes do not.
Examples of eukaryotic cells are plants, animals, protists, fungi. Their genetic material is organized in chromosomes. Golgi apparatus, Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Nucleus are parts of Eukaryotic Cells.
The nucleus is particularly important among eukaryotic organelles because it is the location of a cell’s DNA. Two other critical organelles are mitochondria and chloroplasts, which play important roles in energy conversion and are thought to have their evolutionary origins as simple single-celled organisms.
The primary distinction between these two types of organisms is that eukaryotic cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and prokaryotic cells do not. … The nucleus is only one of many membrane-bound organelles in eukaryotes. Prokaryotes, on the other hand, have no membrane-bound organelles.
- Coccus form:- These are spherical bacteria. …
- Bacillus form:- These are rod-shaped bacteria. …
- Spirilla form:- These are spiral-shaped bacteria that occur singly.
- Vibrio form:- These are comma-shaped bacteria.
Because they can’t reproduce by themselves (without a host), viruses are not considered living. Nor do viruses have cells: they’re very small, much smaller than the cells of living things, and are basically just packages of nucleic acid and protein.
The genetic material of bacteria and plasmids is DNA. Bacterial viruses (bacteriophages or phages) have DNA or RNA as genetic material. The two essential functions of genetic material are replication and expression.