Who discovered the Lascaux? who discovered the lascaux caves.
Richard Bright described acute nephritis, nephrosis (=nephrotic syndrome), uraemia, small contracted and large swollen kidneys, and also noted the link between kidney disease and an enlarged left ventricle as an indirect sign of hypertension (the first sphygmogaph was not invented until 1854 y Karl von Vierordt, and …
The word kidney, which is attested around 1325, is of unclear origin. The second element of the Middle-English form kidenei, plural kideneiren, is apparently ey, plural eyren, meaning egg (cf. German Eier, literally eggs, used to mean testicles).
Human kidneys are shaped like large beans, and this is where the “kidney bean,” a common red-colored bean, gets its name. … The word kidney is probably a compound of the Old English cwið, “womb,” and ey, “egg,” describing the organ’s shape.
Nephrologists, or kidney doctors, study the kidneys and any diseases that affect them.
The study of kidney disease was furthered by William Howship Dickinson’s description of acute nephritis in 1875 and Frederick Akbar Mahomed’s discovery of the link between kidney disease and hypertension in the 1870s.
Bright’s disease was named for the physician Dr Richard Bright (1789 to 1858) who was credited for the discovery of the disease through his research on patients who exhibited dropsy (swelling) and albuminuria (protein in the urine).
The kidneys are a pair of organs found along the posterior muscular wall of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body.
Most people have two kidneys, one on either side of the spine under the lower ribs. They are bean-shaped and reddish brown in colour.
Kidney pain is felt in the sides or back. It is often mistaken for back pain. Kidney pain can be caused by kidney stones, urinary tract infection, kidney infection, an injury or kidney cancer.
- A – controlling ACID-base balance.
- W – controlling WATER balance.
- E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
- T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
- B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
- E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
- D – activating vitamin D.
There may also be a chance of having high blood pressure later in life. However, the loss in kidney function is usually very mild, and life span is normal. Most people with one kidney live healthy, normal lives with few problems. In other words, one healthy kidney can work as well as two.
Normally, kidneys are about the size of a fist or 10 to 12 cm (about 5 inches). Kidney atrophy means that the kidney is smaller than normal. This can happen for two basic reasons. The first is that part of the kidney does not develop from birth (called a congenital problem) making a small kidney.
Nephrologists (doctors in renal medicine) diagnose and treat diseases of the kidneys.
- Cauliflower. Cauliflower is a nutritious vegetable that’s a good source of many nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and the B vitamin folate. …
- Blueberries. …
- Sea bass. …
- Red grapes. …
- Egg whites. …
- Garlic. …
- Buckwheat. …
- Olive oil.
Water helps the kidneys remove wastes from your blood in the form of urine. Water also helps keep your blood vessels open so that blood can travel freely to your kidneys, and deliver essential nutrients to them. But if you become dehydrated, then it is more difficult for this delivery system to work.
The disease was named after Richard Bright, who was the first to describe the symptoms in 1827. He described 25 patient cases involving dropsy, which is now commonly referred to as edema, and linked them to kidney disease in his Reports of Medical Cases.
Nephritis may be caused by infection, inflammatory conditions (such as lupus), certain genetic conditions, and other diseases or conditions. It may also be caused by taking certain medicines or being exposed to certain chemicals.
Bright’s disease: Chronic inflammation of the blood vessels in the kidney with protein, specifically albumin, in the urine.
Because your kidneys are so important, you cannot live without them. But it is possible to live a perfectly healthy life with only one working kidney.
Brown, red, or purple urine Kidneys make urine, so when the kidneys are failing, the urine may change. How? You may urinate less often, or in smaller amounts than usual, with dark-colored urine. Your urine may contain blood.
The ribs provide some protection for the kidneys. The bones of the rib cage also protect the heart, lungs, and other visceral organs.
Red or pink urine can be caused by: Blood. Factors that can cause urinary blood (hematuria) include urinary tract infections, an enlarged prostate, cancerous and noncancerous tumors, kidney cysts, long-distance running, and kidney or bladder stones. Foods.
Dark urine is most commonly due to dehydration. However, it may be an indicator that excess, unusual, or potentially dangerous waste products are circulating in the body. For example, dark brown urine may indicate liver disease due to the presence of bile in the urine.
Typically, urine color ranges from pale to dark yellow. “Urine gets its yellow color from urochrome, a chemical produced when your body breaks down dead blood cells,” said Dr. Werner. “It’s normal for the color to vary within a certain range depending on what’s going on inside.”
Sleeping on your side is one of the more common and most supportive positions. If this is your preferred sleeping style, bring your legs toward your chest at a slight angle and place a pillow between your knees. This can help alleviate some of the pressure on your back by preventing the spine from rotating.
By then, if there was a kidney stone, it should pass from your bladder. Some stones dissolve into sand-like particles and pass right through the strainer. In that case, you won’t ever see a stone.
Kidney pain is usually sharp if you have a kidney stone and a dull ache if you have an infection. Most often it will be constant. It won’t get worse with movement or go away by itself without treatment.
Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other disorders. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of kidney failure. Kidney failure does not happen overnight. It is the end result of a gradual loss of kidney function.
The nephrons of the kidneys process blood and create urine through a process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion. Urine is about 95% water and 5% waste products. Nitrogenous wastes excreted in urine include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid.
Each of your kidneys is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron includes a filter, called the glomerulus, and a tubule. The nephrons work through a two-step process: the glomerulus filters your blood, and the tubule returns needed substances to your blood and removes wastes.
Alcohol causes changes in the function of the kidneys and makes them less able to filter the blood. Alcohol also affects the ability to regulate fluid and electrolytes in the body. When alcohol dehydrates (dries out) the body, the drying effect can affect the normal function of cells and organs, including the kidneys.
Drink alcohol in moderation (or skip it altogether). More than two to three drinks a day can damage your kidney and increase your risk of problems like high blood pressure.
- Lung. For instance, you only need one lung. …
- Stomach. Another organ you don’t need is your stomach. …
- Spleen. You can also live without your spleen, an organ that normally filters blood. …
- Appendix. …
- Kidney. …
- Gallbladder. …
- Liver, sort of.
OrganAverage Weight in Men (grams)Range in Men (grams)Right kidney16253-320Left kidney16050-410Spleen15630-580Thyroid2512-87
The body slows growth to make up for the lost fluid and minerals. preventing the body from correctly using growth hormone. When the kidneys are damaged, waste builds up in the blood and the body does not properly process growth hormone.
Water – Water is simply the best drink you can have! Water is a zero-calorie, perfectly hydrating, cheap drink. If you are in the earlier stages of kidney disease, choosing water most of the time to quench your thirst will keep your body and kidneys functioning well.
Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means they have stopped working well enough for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.
The term “renal” refers to the kidney. For example, renal failure means kidney failure. Related topics: Kidney disease.
The salaries of Kidney Doctors in the US range from $18,586 to $498,378 , with a median salary of $89,689 . The middle 57% of Kidney Doctors makes between $89,691 and $225,840, with the top 86% making $498,378.