McGregor urged companies to adopt Theory Y. Only it, he believed, could motivate human beings to the highest levels of achievement. … Maslow also criticised Theory Y for its “inhumanity” to the weak, and to those not capable of a high level of self-motivation.
Why did Mathilde react with annoyance when she saw her invitation to the party? how does mathilde react to this gift.


Why is Maslow's theory criticized?

Perhaps the most significant criticism of Maslow’s hierarchy concerns his unscientific approach, use of unreliable samples, and the specific research methods he used to draw conclusions: namely, personal observation and biographical analysis.

What are the disadvantages of Theory Y?

Advantages and Disadvantages of McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. The main disadvantage with both theories is that not all employees will neatly fit into either category – the workplace is not a “two sizes fit all” environment.

What are some problems with Maslow's theory?

The major problem with Maslow’s hierarchy-of-needs theory is that it cannot be tested empirically – there is no way to measure precisely how satisfied one level of need must be before the next higher need becomes operative.

What are some criticisms of Maslow's ideas pertaining to the self actualized person?

One of the most common criticisms of Maslow’s conception of self-actualization is that it appears to be limited to those who have had good fortune in their lives.

Why is Theory Y management better?

Theory Y managers favor a more collaborative approach, centering their leadership on trust, valuing creative problem solving, and managing by way of providing their employees with tools, opportunities, and visibility to do their jobs well.

What does a Theory Y managers believe?

Theory Y managers have an optimistic, positive opinion of their people, and they use a decentralized, participative management style. This encourages a more collaborative , trust-based relationship between managers and their team members.

Does Apple use Theory Y?

Theory X and Y applied in Apple Inc. In fact, he kept those who can work with him tend to be loyal such as his A team programmers, executives and designers. Steve Job used the McGregor Y Theory. This is because he would motivate the team as a whole instead of just managing his staff.

What is the main weakness of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's motivation hygiene theory?

What is the main weakness of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory? They do not explain why or how motivation is developed and sustained.

Why does Maslow believe it is difficult to obtain self-actualization?

Maslow believed that, because of the difficulty of fulfilling the four lower needs, very few people would successfully become self-actualized, or would only do so in a limited capacity. … According to Maslow, self-actualizers share the ability to achieve peak experiences, or moments of joy and transcendence.

Why do you think Maslow's self-actualization is so difficult for most people to attain?

Because self-actualization involves a strong sense of purpose and self-awareness as well as the imperative that one’s basic needs are met, it can be a challenging goal to reach.

Why is self-actualization difficult?

In self-actualization, the person is working towards fulfilling their unique talents and potential. … This concept is difficult because while a person may know what they want, there is challenge in obtaining because it often involves having to go against others and one’s society.

Which of the following problems would indicate that a manager failed to apply the basic concepts?

Which of the following problems would indicate that a manager failed to apply the basic concepts of expectancy theory? Employees are unwilling to work toward achieving an important goal because they believe the reward offered is not sufficient to justify the effort.

Which is the best theory?

  • String theory. This is probably the best known theory of everything, and the most heavily studied. …
  • Loop quantum gravity. …
  • CDT. …
  • Quantum Einstein gravity. …
  • Quantum graphity. …
  • Internal relativity. …
  • E8.
Why the understanding of theories of motivation is crucial for managers?

Motivation theories provide an insight into what makes an employee perform better. It provides managers with a tool to motivate employees and helps them in understanding how the staff can be managed better.

Which character belongs to Theory Y employees they dislike work always boring and avoid workload and accept responsibility must be forced?

Micro-managers believe that they must oversee every single task assigned to the employee, and they believe employees will try to avoid work and must be forced with the threat of punishment in order to do their jobs.

Which of the following assumptions is represented by Theory Y?

An assumption of Theory Y is that: people can exercise self-direction and self-control to meet company goals. The capacity for imagination, creativity, and ingenuity is widely distributed in the population.

Is Google a Theory Y?

Next the management theory has apply in the Google Inc is Theory Y by Douglas McGregor. The Theory Y can be defined as an idea that shows the positive view of the worker and assumes employees may be ambitious and self-motivated and exercise self-control. … The Google Inc.

How Tim Cook motivates his employees?

Appreciating Your Team Publicly and Privately You’re essentially rallying your team, and building your company’s culture. … The key to building a team of happy, highly motivated employees is simple: make sure you acknowledge and appreciate them, instead of taking their work for granted. That’s all there is to it!

What companies use Theory Z?

By contrast the key features of the Type J company were: homogeneity, stability, collectivism, and a commitment to long-term employment. Ouchi used the term ‘Type Z’ to describe: IBM, Procter & Gamble, Hewlett-Packard and some other American organisations that had characteristics like those of the Japanese model.

What is the most difficult need to satisfy?

The most difficult need to fulfill or satisfy is self-actualization need of a human being. The self actualization need refers to person realizing its full potential while walking towards personal growth.

Which of the theory of motivation is based on attitude not on attributes is?

Thus, theory X and theory Y are two contrasting models that depict the set of assumptions a manager holds on his employees, which may or may not coincide with their general way of behaving. Therefore, these theories are based on the attitude, not attributes.

Which of the following is a shortcoming of Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory quizlet?

LIMITATIONS OF MASLOW’S THEORY: Not everyone has the same needs that are assumed in the hierarchy. It can be very difficult to identify the degree to which each need has been met and which level each worker is ‘on’. Self-actualization is never permanently achieved.

How did Maslow develop his theory?

During this time, he was heavily influenced by Gestalt psychologist Max Wertheimer and anthropologist Ruth Benedict. Maslow believed that they were such exceptional people that he began to analyze and take notes on their behavior. This analysis served as the basis for his theories and research on human potential.

Who proposed self Actualisation theory?

self-actualization, in psychology, a concept regarding the process by which an individual reaches his or her full potential. It was originally introduced by Kurt Goldstein, a physician specializing in neuroanatomy and psychiatry in the early half of the 20th century.

What did Maslow mean by self Actualisation?

Maslow’s quote refers to self-actualization, which is the highest level or stage in his model of human motivation: the ‘Hierarchy of Needs‘. According to the hierarchy of needs, self-actualization represents the highest-order motivations, which drive us to realize our true potential and achieve our ‘ideal self’.

What happens if you don't achieve self actualization?

The meaning of our lives is the basis of leading a fulfilling experience – from our connection with others, our inner being and our place in the world around us, to our simple physiological needs. …

What happens if self actualization is not met?

Individuals whose physiological needs are not met may die or become extremely ill. … Individuals who do not feel love or belonging may experience depression or anxiety. Lack of esteem or the inability to self-actualize may also contribute to depression and anxiety.

How is the need for self esteem satisfied?

Maslow believed that healthy esteem is based on higher-level needs of self-respect and competence. Higher-level esteem needs are based on self-praise, or internal feelings of accomplishment, while lower-level needs are based on praise from others, or external feelings of accomplishment.

Why is Albert Einstein self actualized?

Albert Einstein Maslow argued that self-actualized people are firmly grounded in the real world, rather than the miasma of stereotypes, abstractions, expectations, and biases that most of us experience.

Is an example of esteem needs?

These needs include self-esteem, respect, achievement, confidence, recognition, and accomplishment. Examples esteem needs: self-esteem, self-confidence, achievement, recognition, status, respect, etc.

What is Maslow theory?

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation which states that five categories of human needs dictate an individual’s behavior. Those needs are physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs.

Which of the following is a challenge that is facing the human resource managers of today quizlet?

One challenge faced by today’s human resource managers is the fact that workers overseas often work for lower wages and are subject to fewer laws and regulations.

What was the dominant strategy for improving worker productivity during the early 1900s?

Scientific management became the dominant strategy for improving productivity during the early 1900’s.

Which of the following is the most important advantage of using internal sources to hire from within?

The use of internal source applicants provides motivation and enhances the morale of the current workforce by linking performance to rewards. Also, internal applicants are well known to management and require less training than external applicants.

What has replaced string theory?

M-theory is a theory in physics that unifies all consistent versions of superstring theory. Edward Witten first conjectured the existence of such a theory at a string-theory conference at the University of Southern California in the spring of 1995.

Is gravity a law or theory?

This is a law because it describes the force but makes not attempt to explain how the force works. A theory is an explanation of a natural phenomenon. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity explains how gravity works by describing gravity as the effect of curvature of four dimensional spacetime.