Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. Sparta’s only ace was its military way of life and war tactics. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta.
Why was Athens destroyed? why did xerxes burn down athens.

Why is Athens the best?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They believed they produced the best literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools – many other Greek city-states agreed with them. … (Corinth was a highly respected city-state. Sparta was famous for military strength.

Why is Athens economy better than Sparta?

Key Question: How did Athenians get the goods they needed for everyday life? While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.

What did Athens value the most?

Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

What made Greece successful?

The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture.

Is Sparta better than Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.

Was Athens richer than Sparta?

While Spartans relied on agriculture for maintaining their economy, Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC and was thus, considerably richer. … The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy).

How did Athens differ from Sparta?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.

What did the Athenians believe in?

Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.

What were Athens achievements?

  • The temples on the acropolis in Athens were examples of the Greek talent for architecture. …
  • Athenians enjoyed dramas staged in large open-air theaters. …
  • The Greeks competed in athletic events at the Panathenaic Games and the Olympics.
What age did Athenians go to war?

Unlike Spartan men, Athenian men didn’t have to devote their whole lives to the army. All men in Athens joined the army, but for only two years. They helped defend the city between the ages of 18 and 20.

How did Athens become so powerful?

How did Athens become so powerful? Athens became so powerful from its alliance with city states on the island Dellos. All members protected one another and paid money for weapons and such but then Athan started to run the alliance as if it was it’s own empire not letting anyone leave.

Is Athens a Sparta?

Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.

What did Athens and Sparta have in common?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.

Who won Athens vs Sparta?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.

Did Athens ever defeat Sparta?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

Did Athens have powerful navy?

During the Greco-Persian Wars, Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean Sea that defeated the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. … Its fleet was destroyed and its empire lost during the Peloponnesian War.

How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet?

Athens and Sparta differed because Athens was a democracy and Sparta was an oligarchy. Also, Spartans focused very much on military and that was the main goal– to raise strong boys to be in the military whereas Athens wanted to raise educated people not just for fighting. Also, Sparta respected women more than Athens.

Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?

Branch of GovernmentSpartaAthensJudicialKings acted as judges.Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.

How did Athens benefit from victory in the Persian Wars?

Athens benefited from the victory of the Persian Wars because it was able to assume an even larger leadership role among the Greek city-states.

How long did a war between Sparta and Athens once last?

The Great Peloponnesian War, also called the First Peloponnesian War, was the first major scuffle between them. It became a 15-year conflict between Athens and Sparta and their allies. Peace was decreed by the signing of the Thirty Years Treaty in 445 B.C., effective until 437 B.C., when the Peloponnesian War began.

Why are Athens and Sparta important?

Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom. … These conflicts eventually led to Athens losing power in Ancient Greece.

Was Sparta a powerful city-state?

In antiquity, it was a powerful city-state with a famous martial tradition. Ancient writers sometimes referred to it as Lacedaemon and its people as Lacedaemonians. Sparta reached the height of its power in 404 B.C. after its victory against Athens in the second Peloponnesian war.

What was good about Sparta?

Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War.

What are 5 facts about Athens?

  • Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. …
  • Athens has experienced almost every form of government. …
  • If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. …
  • The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. …
  • Athens is home to the first known democracy.
Why was Athens a golden age?

The golden age of Athenian culture is usually dated from 449 to 431 B.C., the years of relative peace between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. After the second Persian invasion of Greece in 479, Athens and its allies throughout the Aegean formed the Delian League, a military alliance focused on the Persian threat.

Did Athens have a good military?

Their dramatic victories over the Boiotians and Chalkidians in 506 B.C. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system. This notion was greatly enhanced by the extraordinary victory of the Athenian army over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C.

Did Athens have a good army?

Perhaps the least known aspect of Athens’ military prowess was its record of successful combat experience. One great truth of war is that victory often comes less from destroying a foe than from breaking his will to fight.

Who were Athens best warriors?

Megarians, like all the Greeks, were trained warriors. Spartans might be the best warriors, but all Greek citizens knew how to fight. Megarians would fight if they had to, but they would much rather trade or negotiate. In the ancient Greek world, Megara was famous for its textiles.

Why Athens is one of the two powerful city-states?

Athens developed democratic institutions and a culture of philosophy, science, and culture; it emerged as a powerful state and allied with other city-states, forming the Delian League. Resistance to Athens’ power among the other Greek city-states, particularly Sparta, prompted the Peloponnesian War.

Why was it so hard for Athens and Sparta to defeat each other?

It was difficult for Athens and Sparta to defeat each other because their armies were so powerful ,but they also were strong in different ways.

When was Athens most powerful?

The peak of Athenian hegemony was achieved in the 440s to 430s BC, known as the Age of Pericles.

Do Spartans still exist?

Spartans are still there. Sparta was just the capital of Lacedaemonia, hence the L on their shields, not an S but an L… … So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

Who defeated Sparta?

A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.

Did Alexander conquer Sparta?

Battle of MegalopolisDate 331 BC Location Megalopolis37.4011°N 22.1422°ECoordinates:37.4011°N 22.1422°E Result Macedonian victoryBelligerentsMacedonSparta

Was Athens more advanced than Sparta?

Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. Sparta’s only ace was its military way of life and war tactics. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta.

What did Athens have that Sparta didn t?

Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers.

Did Athens and Sparta speak the same language?

ATHENS and Sparta were both Greek cities and their people spoke a common language.